Media Reports – Africa

Africa — alphabetical by country

[Botswana] Pini Bothoko, Mkagato aware of drug shortages, MMegionline, 2 August 2017.

[Botswana] Anon. No Plans for clinics to operate 24 hours, All, 20 December 2015.

[Egypt] Al-Masry Al Youm, Drug shortages hit Egypt, patients resort to blackmarket, Egypt Independent, 27 September 2017.

[Egypt] Al-Masry Al Youm, Health ministry says drug shortage figures aim to cause confusion, Egypt Independent, 20 September 2017.

[Egypt] Al-Masry Al Youm, Rights watchdog detects shortage of 1420 drugs in August, Egypt Independent, 18 September 2017.

[Egypt[ Nayrouz Talaat, Online platforms help sick Egyptians find drugs, Al Monitor, 22 February 2017.

[Egypt] Reuters, Egyptians go for herbal remedies as economic crisis causes drug shortage, Decca Chronicle, 16 January 2017.

[Egypt] Anon. Egypt is on right track after pounds fluctuation…[raising prices by 15% and 20% on local and imported medicines],,15 January 2017.

[Egypt] Dahlia Kohlaif et al., Egypt grapples with drug shortage brough on by currency devaluation, Wall Street Journal, 11 December 2016.

[Egypt] Farid Farid, Egyptians turn Twitter into a pharmacy during nationwide drug shortage, Motherboard, 6 December 2016. See also Vice.

[Egypt] Mohammed Saied, Why can’t Egyptians get the drugs they need? Al-Monitor, 29 November 2016.

[Egypt] Justin Stoltzfus, Egypt wrestles with critical drug shortages [insulin, cancer drugs, contraceptives], Gulf News, 27 November 2016.

[Egypt] Arwa Gaballa, Currency drop hits Egypt’s medicine supplies, angering public, Reuters, 22 November 2016. See also here.

[Egypt] Hend El Bahary, Egyptian patients scream amid life-saving drug shortages, Egypt  Independent, 22 November 2016.

[Egypt] Al-Masry Al Youm, Cabinet think tank denies shortage in insulin supply, Egypt Independent, 11 November 2016.

[Egypt] Michelle Maskaly, Drug shortage prompts 20% price increase, Healthcare packaging, 17 May 2016.

[Egypt] Anon. Egypt raises drug prices to battle shortage, AHRAMonline, 16 May 2016. See also Reuters.

[Egypt] Al-Masry Al-Youm, Dollar crisis hits pharma industry, causing shortages possible production halt, Egypt Independent, 18 March 2016.

[Egypt] PM Editor, Egypt pharmacies missing medications due to dollar crisis, Palestine Telegraph, 13 March 2016.

[Egypt] Mostapha Hashem, In Egypt medicines disappear from shelves as dollar crisis bites, Reuters, 10 February 2016.

[Egypt] Amina Abdul Salam, New factory to combat drug shortage, The Egyptian Gazette, 25 June 2013.

[Gambia] Fatou B.Cham, Shortage of medicines may soon be history [National drug policy to ensure essential medicines supply]. The Point, August 2017.

[Ghana] Eric Joe Ayivi, Maternal deaths loom in B/A as drug shortage hits maternity home, Modern Ghana, 14 December 2017.

[Ghana] Abdul Karim Naatogmah, Drug shortage affecting mentally ill persons, CitiFM online, 9 November 2017.

[Ghana] Anon. Drug shortage hits Boamang health centre, Ghanaweb, 26 May 2017.

[Ghana] Anon. Phinas pharmacy intervenes in psychiatric hospital drug shortage, Ghanaweb, 26 October 2016.

[Ghana] Anon., Drug shortage hits Sunyani Central Prisons Infirmary, Ghanaweb, 24 June 2016.

[Ghana] Anon., HIV campaign in Western region in danger, Ghanaweb, 28 October 2015,

[Ghana] Anon., Nandom district runs out of pharmaceuticals,, 25 July 2015.

[Ghana] Efua Idan Osam, We need antiretroviral drugs now–HIV patients, Citifmonline, 15 May 2015.

[Ghana] Graphic Online, Drug shortage hits Accra Psychiatric Hospital, Citi FM Online, 26 August 2014.

[Ghana] Ghana Web, Korle-Bu faces drug shortage [magnesium sulphate], GhanaWeb, 21 July 2014

[Ghana] Ghana Web, HIV patients risk developing residence as drug shortage hits Ghana, HIV Haven, 21 June 2012.

[Kenya] John Nalianya, Bungoma hospitals hit by drug shortage, The Star, 19 January 2017.

[Kenya] Dennis N, County Health Chief Officer allays fears of drug shortages, hivisasa, 22 November 2016.

[Kenya] Silah Koskei, Uasin Gishu county probe unearths cause of drug shortage [underfunding; distribution problems], The Standard, 11 October 2016.

[Kenya] Johusa Khisa, Probe into hospital drug shortage begins, hivisasa, 8 September 2016.

[Kenya] Jackson Brighton, Delay of funds to counties a result of drug shortages–Maangi, hivisasa, 19 August 2016.

[Kenya] Anon., Kemsa signs drug agreement with Bungoma County [re essential medicines], Standard digital, 11 August 2016.

[Kenya] Dalton Nyabundi, Digital platform to reduce medicine theft in15 counties, Standard digital, 2 August 2016.

[Kenya] Dickens Luvanda, Uasin Gishu to establish drug store in the county, hivisasa, 17 July 2016

[Kenya] Philemon Komen, KEMSA cuts off supply of drugs over debt, hivisasa, 24 June 2016.

[Kenya] William Maina, Nyamira residnets lament over drug shortage in hospitals, hivisasa, 27 May 2016.

[Kenya] Abuga Makori, jnr, Ongwae flags off drugs to county dispensaries, Kisii County News,, 23 March 2016.

[Kenya] Elisha Otieno, Drugs for Migori Hospital sold in Tanzania. all, 21 March 2016.

[Kenya] Felix Kipkemoi, Rutto blames KeMSA [Kenya Medical Supplies Agency] for drug shortage, The Star, 14 March 2016.

[Kenya] Anon., Acute drug shortage hits public hospitals in Laikipia, Kenya Broadcasting Company, 3 November 2015.

[Kenya] Eunice Kilonzo, Patients relieved as kidney drugs arrive., 2 October 2015.

[Kenya] Angela Oketch, Power games blamed for shortage of drugs, Daily Nation, 30 October 2014.

[Kenya] R. K. Sudoi et al, The magnitude and trend of artemether-lumefantrine stock-outs at public health facilities in Kenya, Malaria Journal 10.1186: 8 February 2012.

[Liberia] Zeze Ballah, Dahn”drugs supply chain a major challenge to health ministry, The Bush Chicken, 28 September 2017.

[Liberia] Jefferson Daryoue, Candidate Ivar Jones donates drugs to health facilities ahead of campaigning, Bush Chicken, 31 July 2017.

[Liberia] Jefferson Daryoue, Drugs shortage hits Dolo Town health center, Bush Chicken, 5 July 2017.

[Liberia] Zeze Ballah, Battling epilepsy amid a drug shortage, The Bush Chicken, 2 May 2017.

[Liberia] Selena N. Lomax, Tellewoyan Hospital in Lofa county suffers drugs shortage, Front Page Africa, 10 December 2016. See also allAfrica.

[Liberia] Anon. Locals in Zorcor decry drug shortage at Curran Lutheran hospital, Front Page Africa online, nd approx. 15 June 2016.

[Liberia] Kerry Sheridan. Shortage of malaria drug points to better treatment for Ebola [MSF study], Yahoo News, 6 January 2016.

[Liberia] Winston W. Parley, Liberia: More drugs shortage still at central prison, All Africa, 9 January 2014.

[Libya] Ismail Akwei, Libya’s HIV patients bear brunt of drug shortages despite WHO support, Africa News, 4 January 2017.

[Malawi] Zawadi Chilunga, Muluzi says will table bill to tackle theft of medical drugs in Malawi hospitals, Nysasa Times, 4 December 2017.

[Malawi] Anon., Indian doctors in Malawi to assist patients,, 3 March 2017.

[Malawi] Blessings Kang’Ombe, Health rights campaigners call for boost in budgetary support [for essential medicines], Capital Radio, 20 February 2017.

[Malawi] Victoria Milanzi, Malawi has enough drugs,, 8 February 2017.

[Malawi] Anon. Medical drug shortages hit Malawi public hospitals as DHOs exhaust budgets, Nyasa Times, 5 February 2017.

[Malawi] Martha Chikoti, 2016 has been a difficult year–nurses,, 24 December 2016.

[Malawi] Kelvin Tembo, Malawi yet to introduce child friends TB drugs, Capital Radio Malawi, 25 November 2016.

[Malawi] Mwayi Mkandawire, Drug theft continues three arrested in Dedza, Malawi 24, 16 June 2016.

[Malawi] Archangel Nzangaya, Trouble! Mwanza hospital hit by drug shortage, Malawi 24, 17 May 2016.

[Malawi] Elita Soko, Malawi Govt urged to step up fight against drug theft, Capital Radio, 3 May 2016.

[Malawi] Chinsisi Moyo, Drug shortage resurfaces at Malawi’s biggest hospital, Capital Radio Malawi, 20 April 2016.

[Malawi] Martha Chikoti, Malawian health workers behind drug shortage, Malawi 24, 25 February 2016.

[Malawi] Prince Henderson, CCJP expresses worry over social problems [food and drugs], Nyasa Times, 6 February 2016.

[Malawi] Maurice Nkawihe, Health worker arrested over drug theft, Nyasa Times, 27 January 2016.

[Malawi] Alfred Chauwa Government shocked with drug shortage reports, Nyasa Times, 26 December 2015.

[Malawi] Owen Khamula, Gagging of Public hospital spokespersons is retrogressive, Nyasa Times, 27 October 205.

[Malawi] Happy Arold Soko, Malawi admires Zambia [orders prayers for drug shortage and other woes],, 20 October 2015.

[Malawi] Staff Reporter, Drug shortage hits Malawi public hospitals, Nyasa Times, 24 March 2015.

[Malawi] Hudson Mphande, KCH suspends elective surgeries: Malawi drug shortage ‘crisis’, Nyasa Times, 19 August 2014.

[Malawi] Alfred Chauwa, Drug shortage to continue plague Malawi health care, Nyasa Times, 10 August 2014.

[Malawi] Imani M. Cheers, Preventing drug shortages with cell phones in Malawi, PBS NewsHour, 8 May 2013.

[Malawi] Rex Chikoko, Drug shortage hits Malawi, Africa Review, 1 September 2011.

[Malawi] Claire Ngozo, Painkillers prescribed for malaria amid drug shortage. All Africa, 16 November 2011.

[Malawi] Rebecca Chimjeka, Donors Save Malawi on drug shortage,, 8 January 2012.

[Morocco] Chaima Lahsini, Pediatric drug shortage: Ministry of health denies stock-out, says allegations based on false data, Morocco World News, 5 August 2017.

[Namibia] Alvine Kapitako, Shortage of ARV’s at clinic, hospital, New Era, 1 April 2016.

[Namibia] Kuzeeko Tjitemisa, National pain over drug shortages. All Africa, 10 July 2014.

[Namibia] Theresia Tjihenuna, Namibia: Drugs shortage triggers panic, All Africa, 6 June 2014.

[Namibia] Theresia Tjihenuna, Namibia: Ministry denies drug shortage, All Africa, 23 August 2013.

[Namibia] Theresia Tjihenuna, Drug shortage hits Govt medical stores, The Namibian, 22 August 2013.

[Nigeria] Sola Ogundipe, Anxiety as WHO alerts on spread of HIV drug resistance, allAfrica, 25 July 2017.

[Nigeria] Martins Ifije, PSN: lack of medicine, vaccines now security risks to Nigeria, This Day, 30 November 2017.

[Nigeria] Anon., [Pharmacists call on govt to] Set up ad hoc committee on drug scarcity, Daily Trust, 5 September 2016.

[Nigeria] Kayode Omoyele, Naira devalutation causing drug shortage — Pharmacists, Today, 19 August 2016.

[Nigeria] Taiwo Adeniyi et al., Patients lament shortage of drugs at Asokoro, Maitama hospital, Daily Trust, 29 June 2016. See also here.

[Nigeria] Bukola Adebayo, Manufacturers warm Nigerians of looming drug shortage, Punch, 10 February 2016.

[Senegal] Krishnan Guru-Murthy, Unreported world: Africa’s drug scandal [on morphine shortages, Channel 4 News, 29 May 2014.

[Sierra Leone] Anon.,  Freetown:campaigners make HIV/AIDS funding appeal, Journal du Cameroun, 2 December 2017.

[South Africa] Anon., Medicine shortages fuel shock malaria outbreak, Daily Maverick, 12 May 2017.

[South Africa] Mpho Raborife, Crucial cancer drug [Cisplatin] imported to fill shortage, South Africa News, 31 January 2017. See denials here and here.

[South Africa] Bill Corcoran, Shortage of antiretroviral drugs hampering fight against AIDS, Irish Times, 26 June 2016.

[South Africa] Rejul Bejoy et al., Survey finds massive medicine shortages in clinics, Ground Up, 24 June 2016. See also here.

[South Africa] Anon. HIV drug shortage hits Gauteng, Soweto Urban, 8 January 2016.

[South Africa] Lungile Thamela, Medicine shortage: patients are still suffering, some in silence,, 27 October 2015.

[South Africa] Press Release, Concerned about the shortage of essential medication in KZN hospital, all, 8 October 2015.

[South Africa] Nquobile Tschile, Tshelanyemba Hospital is a sick facility, The Chronicle, 6 October 2015.

[South Africa] Whinsley Masara, TB drug shortage fears allayed, The Chronicle, 23 September 2015.

[South Africa] Dave Chambers, WhatsApp-a new source for medical drugs when stocks dry up, Business Day, 31 August 2017.

[South Africa] Anon. Is there or isn’t there a shortage of ARV’s in South Africa? Health24, 24 July 2015.

[South Africa], Mireille de Villiers, No plan to prevent shortages of crucial medication [for tb], The Citizen, 9 July 2015.

[South Africa] Ina Skosana, Drug shortages send rural patients back to home remedies, Mail and Guardian, 3 July 2015.

[South Africa] MSF, Drug shortages threaten progress made in the world’s largest HIV program, MSF, 11 June 2015.

[South Africa] Mia Malan, Survey uncovers shortages in critical medication, Mail & Guardian, 10 June 2015.

[South Africa] Thankdo Kubheka, Meeting called to avoid mass medicine shortage, Eyewitness News, 9 June 2015.

[South Africa] A. Furlong & N. Geffen, Where have all the medicines gone, long time passing? Daily Maverick, 8 June 2015.

[South Africa] APA, South African TV station apologizes to minister for erroneous report, StarAfrica, 2 June 2015.

[South Africa] Chelsea Pieterse, KZN hospitals running dry,, 1 June 2015.

[South Africa] Emily Corke, Health Minister: Business profits behind drug shortage, EyeWitness News, 24 May 2015.

[South Africa] Inkatha Freedom Party, Lack of an advanced warning system is the main cause of drug shortages, Press Release, All, 21 May 2015.

[South Africa] eNCA, ARV supply not in crisis [Health Department claims only one anti-retroviral is in short supply], eNCA, 21 May 2015.

[South Africa] Katharine Child, Dying for drugs, Times LIVE, 18 May 2015.

[South Africa] Anon., Drug shortage at Gauteng Hospital  [anesthetics, surgeries cancelled], The Citizen, 2 December 2014.

[South Africa] Katharine Child, Ritalin drug shortage will be resolved soon, Times Live, 5 September 2014.

[South Africa] Katharine Child, Drug shortages killing patients [irinotecan], Times Live, 28 July 2014.

[South Africa] SAPA, Chemo drug shortage halts treatment, IOL News, 23 April 2014.

[South Africa] Health & Science report, S. Africa minister denies shortage of HIV drugs, Onislam, 15 March 2014.

[South Africa] eNCA, Motlanthe visits HIV orphans n face of drug shortage protests, ENCA, 1 December 2013.

[South Africa] Tiisetso Motsoeneng, Half a million people affected by HIV/AIDS drug shortage in South Africa, MedCity News, 28 November 2013.

[South Africa] Pini Bothoko, Drug shortage undermines delivery clinics, MMEGI, 23 August 2013.

[South Africa] Ntando Makhubu, Drug shortage sparks health fears, Independent OnLine IOL News, 6 July 2013.

[South Africa] Sipokazi Fokazi, Drug shortage sparks desperation, IOL News, 12 July 2012.

[South Africa] Frank Maponya, ARVs shortage panic, The Sowetan, 7 May 2012.

[Sudan] Anon., Doro refugees face food [and drug] shortage, Radio Tamazuj, 29 September 2016.

[Sudan] Anon., USAID responds to to Tamazuj report on drugs shortages in S. Sudan, Radio Tamazuj, 1 July 2016.

[Sudan] Anon., HIV drug shortage hits S. Sudan’s Boma state, Sudan Tribune, 20 June 2016.

[Sudan] Anon., Aweil hospital lacks drugs and equipment due to budget shortage, Radio Tamazuj, 15 June 2016.

[Sudan] Anon. Massive drug shortage puts lives at risk in South Sudan, Tasnim News, 8 April 2016.

[Swaziland] Anon., Swazi nurses to strike over widespread drug shortages, Africa Times, 29 September 2017.

[Sudan] Katy Migiro, Lives at risk due to massive drug shortages in South Sudan, Thomson Reuters, 7 April 2016.

[Swaziland] Lungelo Nkambule, Most hospitals now 90% stocked with drugs, Observer, 14 June 2017.

[Swaziland] Anon. Swazi Drug shortage crisis deepens., 23 May 2017.

[Swaziland] Mandla Luphondvo, No AIDS-free Swaziland without us [drug shortages for HIV], The Swazi Observer, 5 November 2015.

[Tanzania] Editorial, The Citizen, Shortage of drugs in gov’t facilities must be checked,, 27 September 2016.

[Tanzania] Harriet Kiama, Drug shortage haunts Bagamoyo hospital., 26 April 2016.

[Tanzania] Sanjito Msafiri, Bagamoyo in medicine shortage., 11 April 2016.

[Tanzania] Anon. We have a Sh500 billion drug shortage,, 5 January 2016.

[Tanzania] Abby Nkungu, Singida buys HIV/Aids drugs, Daily News, 14 December 2015.

[Tanzania] Patrick Kisembo, Queries raised about private drugs store in Tanzania, East African Business Week, 11 October 2015.

[Tanzania] Ashery Mkama, New Programme may curtail drug shortage,, 24 June 2015.

[Uganda] Anthony Lam Aybee, NMS builds new warehouse as more drugs come in, Observer, 27 November 2017.

[Uganda] Julius Ocungi, HIV patiens share ARVs as shortage his Lamwo,, 22 November 2017.

[Uganda] Anon., Nebbi district faces [malaria] drug shortage, New Vision, 19 April 2017.

[Uganda] Vivian Agaba, Namuwongo residents decry lack of drugs in KCCA clinic, New Vision, 31 March 2017.

[Uganda] Ali Mambule, Bukeeri faces drug shortage,, 27 January 2017.

[Uganda] Editorial, Find lasting solution to drug shortage,, The Monitor, 16 January 2017.

[Uganda] Ronald Kule, Kasese district grapples with Hepatitis B drug stockout, URN, 6 November 2016.

[Uganda] Francis Emorut, Ogom HcIII hit by drug shortage [malaria], understaffing, New Vision, 7 October 2016.

[Uganda] Fred Wambede, Health workers protest drug shortage,, 5 October 2016.

[Uganda] Moses Okeya, Drug shortage hits Jinja Mental Hospital,, 23 August 2016.

[Uganda]Felix Warom Okello, Drug shortage hits ARua,, 18 August 2016.

[Uganda] Martins E. SSekweyama, Masaka Hospital decrieds drug shortage power outage,, 17 August 2016.

[Uganda] Edward Bindhe, Drug shortage, power outage plunge Masaka Hospital in crisis, URN, 12 August 2016.

[Uganda] Scovia Atuhaire, Drug scarcity hits Fort Portal Referral Hospital,, 10 August 2016.

[Uganda] Martin Kitubi, Drug shortage hits Butakiba Hospital, New Vision, 26 July 2016.

[Uganda] Frank Oyugi, Drug shortage its Lira Referral Hospital, URadioNetwork, 10 June 2016

[Uganda] Ivan Kimbowa, Two health centres implicated in drug theft, all, 27 May 2016.

[Uganda] Julius Ocungi and James Owich, Gulu hit by anti-malaria drug shortage, all, 29 February 2016.

[Uganda] Lisa Laventure, Shortage of HIV drugs looms in Uganda again,, 22 February 2016.

[Uganda] Racheal Ninsiima, Our role stops at delivery, says medcial stores boss,, 12 February 2016.

[Uganda] Ivan Kimbowa, Panic as Sango Bay camp runs out of malarial drugs,, 26 January 2016.

[Uganda] Anon. Reuters. Global fund rushes HIV drugs to Uganda amid shortage, Voice of America, 25 January 2016.

[Uganda] Anon. Uganda facing HIV drugs shortage, Citizen Digital, 16 December 2015.

[Uganda] Juliet Waiswa, CSO call for more HIV/AIDS, TB funding, New Vision, 10 Nvember 2015.

[Uganda] Andrew Ssenyonga,Presidential guards give back to Kisenyi residents, New Vision, 14 October 2015.

[Uganda] Arthur Matsiko, Refugees sell food rations to pay for treatment,, 26 June 2015.

[Uganda] Agnes Nantabi, Pader short of nodding disease drug, New Vision, 7 January 2014.

[Uganda] Raymond Baguma, Health ministry clarifies on ARV drug shortage [blames hospitals and clinics], New Vision, 2 August 2013.

[Uganda] Bill Oketch, Drug shortage hits Amolatar, Daily Monitor, 29 May 2013.

[Uganda] Sarah Tumwebaze, Cancer institute faces drug shortage, Saturday Monitor, 5 March 2013.

[Uganda] Paul Abusharizi, Uganda: Do we really have drug shortage? All Africa, 8 May 2012.

[Zambia] Steven Zande, State sources $10M [USD] drugs to stabilise supply, Times of Zambia, 7 August 2017.

[Zambia] Anon., There should be no drug shortages in districts, Health minister [will blame hospital staff], Lusaka Times, 23 January 2017. See also here.

[Zambia] Rebecca Mushota, It’s a lie [Health Minister denies shortages]  Times of Zambia, 21 October 2015.

[Zambia] Mukosha Funga, Donors withhold 30M Euros for drugs, Sunday Post, 19 October 2015.

[Zambia] Mukosha Funga, Poorest to suffer most from shortage of drugs, The Post, 24 August 2015.

[Zambia] Alvin Chinga and Panic Malawo, ‘Drugs shortage artificial, says Kasonde,’ Zambia Daily Mail, 13 February 2015.

[Zambia] Chila Namaiko, Drug shortage hits Macha hospital, 7 February 2015.

[Zambia], APA, Zambian government acts on drug shortage [blames local hospitals], Star Africa, 23 July 2014

[Zambia] Chanda Chimba, Zambia faces shortage of anti-AIDS drugs, Voice of American, 17 August 2013.

[Zimbabwe] Nqobile Tshili, UBH nurses in demo over drug shortages, The Chronicle, 13 December 2017.

[Zimbabwe] Hazvinei Mwanaka, Govt allays ARVs shortage fears, News Day, 9 October 2017.

[Zimbabwe] Abigail Mawonde, Consider manufacturing ARVs locally, gov’t told, Herald, 29 September 2017. See also here.

[Zimbabwe] Bridget Mananavire, Zimdoctors threaten to strike, Daily News, 26 September 2017.

[Zimbabwe] Runyararo Muzavazi, ARV shortage sparks fears of drug resistant HIV strains, The Herald, 19 Sptember 2017.

[Zimbabwe] Anon., Long-term solutions crucial for Zimcrises, Daily News, 15 September 2017.

[Zimbabwe] Andrew Kunambura, Drug prices soar, Daily News, 14 September 2017. See also here and here.

[Zimbabwe] Editorial, Produce generic HIV drugs instead of importing, NewsDay, 29 August 2017.

[Zimbabwe] Munyaradzi Musiiwa, Govt allys ARVs shortage fears, Chronicle, 29 August 2017. See also here.

[Zimbabwe] Anon., Zim facing critical second line HIV drug shortage, Daily News, 28 August 2017.

[Zimbabwe] Editorial, ARV shortage: a stitch in time saves nine, Herald, 23 August 2017.

[Zimbabwe] Paidamoyo Chipunza, ARVs shortage in hospitals, Chronicle, 22 August 2017. See also here.

[Zimbabwe] Whinsley Masara, Dad hammers year-old daughter to death after 5 day fast [shortage of mental health drugs], Chronicle, 16 August 2017.

[Zimbabwe] Bridget Mananavire, Health levy to stem drug shortages [5% on airtime], Daily News, 11 July 2017.

[Zimbabwe] Anon. Expensive equipment gathering dust at govt hospitals, Newsdzezimbabwe, 26 June 2017.

[Zimbabwe] Farayi Machamire, Slow gov’t procurement worsening drug shortages, Daily News, 18 March 2017.

[Zimbabwe] Silence Charumbira et al. Mental health drugs shortage hits Mash[aland] West, News Day, & March 2016.

[Zimbabwe] Veneranda Langa, Forex shortage hits chronic drug supply, NewsDay, 16 February 2017.

[Zimbabwe] Anon. As Mugabees blow $6M on holiday, Zim runs out of crucial drug [atracurium], NewsdzeZimbabwe, 15 January 2017. See also Helen Kadirire and letter both in Daily News.

[Zimbabwe] Anon. Mugabe blows $6M as Zim hospitals crumble without drugs, ZimEye, 15 January 2017.

[Zimbabwe] Anon., Drug shortage saga deepens, Daily News, 15 January 2017.

[Zimbabwe] Anon., Essential drugs shortage looms, NewsDay Zimbabwe, 14 January 2017.

[Zimbabwe] Phyllis Mbanje, Drugs shortage spawns TB fears [lack of BCG], News Day, 7 January 2017.

[Zimbabwe] Bridget Mananavire, Drug shortages hit psychiatric prisoners, Daily News, 22 October 2016.

[Zimbabwe] Anon. Major hospital suspends elective surgeries due to drug shortage [pethidine], Global Times, 18 October 2016. See also and here and here.

[Zimbabwe] Nqobile Tshili, Mpilo hit by drug shortages, The Chronicle,  4 October 2016. See also.

[Zimbabwe] Anon., Drug Shortages: Government blames hospital administrators,, 21 September 2016.

[Zimbabwe] Ismail Akwe, Zimbabwe’s major hospital faces drug shortage [sugery suspended], Africa News, 19 September 2016. See also.

[Zimbabwe] Editorial, Drug shortages spell doom, NewsDay, 19 September 2016.

[Zimbabwe] Pamela Shumba, Mayhem rules–suicides, nurses beaten at ingutsheni as sedative drugs run out, Chronicle, 11 August 2016.

[Zimbabwe] Anon. Serious drug shortage hits Marondera Hospital, New Zimbabwe, 25 July 2016.

[Zimbabwe] Anon., Drug shortage looms,, 2 June 2016

[Zimbabwe] Health Reporter, Health sector needs 65M for drugs, The Herald, 10 May 2016.

[Zimbabwe] Silence Charumbira et al. Mental health drugs shortage hits Mash[onland] West, News Day, 7 March 2016.

[Zimbabwe] Business Editor, Global pharamceutical firm [GSK] dumps Zim[babwe], Daily News, 18 February 2016.

[Zimbabwe] Terence Mawawa, Death scare, shortage of drugs hits Masvingo Hospital, ZimEye, 12 February 2016.

[Zimbabwe], Paidamo Chipunza, Hospital chief in car scandal. Prioritizes new vehicle over drugs, The Herald, 25 January 2016.

[Zimbabwe] Nqobile Tshili, Mpilo, UBH battle to recover $23M, The Chronicle, 22 January 2016.

[Zimbabwe] Paidamo Chipunza, Shortage of drugs hits hospitals, The Chronicle, 20 January 2016. Also 21 January 2016.

[Zimbabwe] Anon., Drug shortages continue to haunt Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe Daily, 18 January 2016.

[Zimbabwe] Anon., Zim hit with massive drug shortage, The Zimbabwe Independent, 15 May 2015.

[Zimbabwe] Tendai Makripe, Zimbabwe: poor health delivery [epilepsy drugs], All 7 May 2015.

[Zimbabwe] Tonderaye Matonho, Under-threat medicinal plants panacea to drug shortages, NewsDay Zimbabwe, 1 October 2014.

[Zimbabwe] Anon. Shortage of epilepsy drugs in Zimbabwe, IRIN Africa, 11 August 2014.

[Zimbabwe] Staff reporter, Cash crisis: hospitals battle drug shortages, New Zimbabwe, 17 July 2014.

[Zimbabwe] Anon. Zimbabwe: Masvingo runs out of drugs, All Africa, 28 September 2013.

[Zimbabwe] Tawanda Majoni, Essential drugs shortage found with mobile data gathering, Key Correspondents, 6 March 2012