Media Reports – Asia

alphabetical by country

[International] [Europe] Ferry Biedermann, Seeking solutions to global drugs shortages, The Lancet, 4 March 2023.

[International] Jennifer Creery, China’s COVID wave sparks scramble for vital drugs across Asia, The Japan Times, 30 December 2022.

[International] Fiona Barry, Supersized Asia and Africa deal to make Merck pill but COVID drug shortage persists, Pharmaceutical Technology, 4 April 2022.

[International] WHO, Global shortage of innovative antibiotics fuels emergence and spread of drug-resistance, WHO, 15 April 2021. See also here, here

[International] Anon., Africa, Southeast Asia ask drug companies to share coronavirus vaccine knowledge, Washington Post, 1 March 2021.

[International] Bhavia Mandalia, COVID-19 a global drug shortage, Pledge Times, 14 November 2020.

[International] Stacey L. Adams, COVID-19 antimalarial shortages affected rheumatology patients’ physical, mental health, Healio, 7 November 2020. Report

[International] Kevin Kunzman, Rheumatic patients in Africa and Asia faced hydroxychlorquine shortagae due to COVID-19, HCP live, 3 November 2020.

[International] Anon., COVID-19 health care supply chain problems need for real-time data flow, Dev Discourse, 19 July 2020.

[International] Leslie Young, WHO warns of critical shortage of HIV drugs due to coronavirus, GLobal News, 6 July 2020.

[International] Anon., WHO warns of oxygen shortage, DevDiscourse, 25 June 2020.

[International] Aadita Matoo and Michele Ruta, Don’t close borders against coronavirus: Free trade and coordinated action are vital to ensure medical supplies get to where they are needed, Financial Times, 13 March 2020.

[International]  Jagruti Dave, Mass pig deaths in China spark fear of Helparin drug shortage, CNA, 27 December 2019.

[International] South Centre, Intellectual Property and Access to Medicines,Training Paper 1, South Centre, 3 December 2019.

[International] Anon., Tighter EU rules could trigger antibiotic shortage, says Fresenius, Medical Dialogues, 9 June 2019. See also here.

[International] Isabel Frost et al., Access Barriers to Antibiotics, Center for Disease Dynamics, Economics and Policy, 11 April 2019. See also here.

[International] Tanvi Ambulkar, Dire shortage of a broad-spectrum antibiotic raises concerns globally, MIMS Today, 13 July 2017.

[International] Keila Guimarães, Pharma’s Big Fail: Benzathine Penicillin shortages are bringing syphilis back all over the world, Quartz, 18 May 2017.

[Afghanistan] Samaan Lateef, Afghanistan’s haemophilia patients suffer as country faces shortage of clotting drugs, Telegraph, 19 October 2023.

[Afghanistan] Azizullah Hammdard, Stoppage of medicine imports to cause crisis in Aghanistan, PAJHWOK Afghan News, 23 November 2021.

[Azerbaijan] Tigran Gasparyan et al. Full-blown crisis: Karabakh blocade triggers shortages, Digital Journal, 14 February 2023.

[Azerbaijan] Anon., Health ministry tries to prevent drug shortages after introduction of state price regulation on them [and 250 essential medicines],, 1 August 2015.

[Bahrain] Sandeep Singh Grewal, Expert warns on pharmacists job ‘burden’ [but no drug shortage], GDNOnline, 8 September 2018

[Bahrain] Raji Unnikrishnan, Vaccine [and medicines] shortage claim by patients, Gulf Digest, 4 August 2018.

[Bangaldesh] Anon., Shortage of saline as diarrhoea patients swarm Faridpur hospital, BD News, 24 November 2023.

[Bangladesh] Anon., Deplorable failure to control drug market [normal saline], New Age, 12 September 2023.

[Bangladesh, Anon. Govt must attend to dengue medicine supply shortage, New Age, 14 August 2023.

[Bangladesh] Arun Bikash Dey, Shortage of black fungus drug patient left without treatment, Daily Star, 28 July 2021. See also here, here

[Bangladesh] Anon., Covid claims 228 more, infects 11,291 in Bangladesh, New Age, 25 July 2021.

[Bangladesh] Ahmmad Foyez , Many COVID-hit districts face paracetamol crisis, New Age, 5 July 2021.

[Bangladesh] Anon., Work together to end vaccine shortage, Daily Star 6 Feburary 2021.

[Bangladesh] Mizanur Rahman, Panic buying creates shortage of COVID-19 drugs in teh market, Dhaka Tribune, 21 June 2020.

[Burma] See Myanmar.

[Butan] Anon., What keeps the [illicit] drug business alive, Kuensel Online, 4 November 2020.

[Bhutan] Nirmala Pokhrel, Traditional medicines in short supply, Kuensel Online, 28 April 2016.

[Cambodia] Yim Streylin, Depleting stock. Rush to buy C-19 home treatment drug (molnupirivir) causing shortage, Khmer Times, 21 February 2022.

[China] Josephine Ma, China demands drug suppliers boost imports to combat rise in winter respiratory diseases, South China Morning Post, 23 February 2024.

[China] Anon., Chinese frenzy over weight-loss drug Ozempic spurs shortage, The Standard, 30 May 2023.

[China] Bloomberg, Flu cases surge in china, leaving antivrials in short supply, Yahoo, 26 February 2023.

[China] Simone McCarthy, Frustration is rising over COVID drug shortages in China, CNN, 13 Januar y2023.

[China] Brenda Goh et al, Merck to take legal action against unauthorized distributors of its COVID treatment in China, Reuters, 11 January 2023.

[China-Hong Kong] Elizabeth Cheung, Regulations on sale of fever drugs could be difficult to enforce and ineffective, South China Morning Post, 7 January 2023.

[China] Anon., Drug Shortages: Chinese Netizens find new ways to access medicines, What’s on Weibo, 4 January 2023. See also here, here

[China] Trisha Pathak, COVID wave prompts Beijing to approve distribution of Pfizer antiviral medication, WION, 27 December 2022.

[China] Yang Zekun, National crackdown on COVID drug profiteering, China Daily, 27 December 2023.

[China] Sylvia Ma, Dire shortage of test kits, The Star, 25 December 2023.

[China] Arianne G., Drug shortage has become the latest challenge for COVID-hit China, BTimes online, 19 December 2022. See also, here  here, here, here, here, here here, herehere, here, here, here

[China] Laura He et al. Why people in China are buying peaches as COVID surges, WESH, 16 December 2022.

[China] Anon., COVID-19 lockdowns in China cause global shortage of contrast material used for medical imaging, FOX, 10 May 2022.

[China] Ni Dandan et al., China is going to release its first essential medicines list for children, Sixth Tone, 18 November 2021. See also here

[China] Bang Xiao, China’s COVID-19 case spike forces another harsh lockdown, ABC Net, 25 January 2021.

[China] Chun Wei-Yap, Pandemic lays bare US reliance on China for drugs, Wall Street Journal, 5 August 2020.

[China] [Europe] Rick Mullin, COVID-19 is reshaping the pharmaceutical supply chain, C&EN, 27 April 2020. See also here and here

[China] Anon, Scarcity of China salt might cause antibiotics’ shortage in India, Daiji World, 26 February 2020.

[China] Anon., India China spar over drug supplies, The Tribune, 24 February 2020.

[China] Anon., NGO helps over 500 HIV carriers amid drug shortage [caused by coronavirus], Global Times, 20 February 2020.

[China] Cheng Zizhuo, China to establish state catalog for medicines in short supply, ECNS News, 16 January 2020. See also here.

[China] Jagruti Dave, Mass pig deaths in China spark fear of Helparin drug shortage, CNA, 27 December 2019.

[China] Chi Jingyi, Generic drugs get government boost in China, Global Times, 13 October 2019.

[China] Xinhua, China vows to ensure medicine supply, maintain stable prices, Shine,  11 October 2019. See also here.

[China] Shreyas Tanna, China’s stance on pharmaceutical drugs [dominates API manufacture], Industry Global News, September 2019.

[China] Zachary Brennan, CDER warns Chinese, Indian manufacturers, RAPS, 27 August 2019.

[China] Xu Wei, State Council takes action on drug shortages, China Daily, 20 August 2019.

[China] David Shephardson, Congress seeks briefing on potential threat to US heparin supply [owing to Asian flu in Chinese pigs], Reuters, 1 August 2019. See also here.

[China] Darlie Yiu, Shortage of medicine for children stirs concern in China, Asia Times, 29 July 2019.

[China] Liangju, China mulls tightening regulation over drug production, sale, Xinhua, 21 April 2019.

[China] Sui Lee Wee, In China desperate patients smuggle drugs. or make their own, New York Times, 11 November 2018.

[China] Anon., China’s adoption of essential drugs set for modernization, The Pharma Letter, 21 September 2018.

[China] Anon. How Zhejiang Medicine was able to avoid US tariffs, CGTN, 22 August 2018.

[China] Bibek Bhandari, Drug companies halt production over rising ingredient costs, Sixth Tone, 9 August 2018

[China] Shayla Zandonai, Macau: Valsartan users to change drug this week, delay due to shortage of a substitute, Macau News Agency, 8 July 2018.

[China] Li Yan, Faster import to China for breast cancer drug Herceptin, ECNS, 13 June 2018.

[China] Katrina Megget, New troubling concerns over Chinese heparin supply, Securing Industry, 7 February 2018.

[China] Teena Thacker, DCGI [of India] bans import of drug ingredients from six Chinese firms, livemint, 8 January 2018.

[China] David Paulk, China’s drug monopolies in regulators crosshairs, Sixth Tone, 27 November 2017.

[China] Anon., China moves to address shortages in life-saving medicines., 23 November 2017.

[China] Anon., Chinese Premier raises concerns over leukemia medicines shortage, The Pharma Letter, TPL, 22 November 2017

[China] Anon., China to step up production of low-cost medicines [6-MP], ECNS, 22 November 2017.

[China] Anon., In Hong Kong, women must wait for vaccine against cancer-causing HPV, ECNS, 3 November 2017.

[China] Ni Dandan, Shortage of critical leukemia drug [Nobel-winning 6 MP]  threatens ill children, Sixth Tone, 30 August 2017.

[China] Anon. New Monitoring will help fight drug shortages,, 26 January 2017.

[China] Eric Palmer, GSK runs into supply issues after China plant damaged by nearby explosion, Fierce Pharma, 8 September 2015.

[China] Anon, Drug shortage for patients with rare condition [Human chorionic gonadotrophin], Shanghai Daily, 18 July 2014.

[China] Shan Juan, Health agency to tackle drug shortage [10M people with hyperthyroidism], China Daily, 8 January 2014

[China] Dai Dai, Survey and Analysis on Drug Shortage in China, China Pharmacy, September 2010.

[Gaza] see Palestinian Territories.

[Hong Kong] WIll Wu et al. Shortage of tamiflu drug for children with flu to persist until JUne….South China Morning Post, 8 April 2023. See also here

[Hong Kong] Anon., Authorities puchase mainland drugs only when shortage happens, The Standard, 17 July 2022.

[Hong Kong] Elizabeth Cheung, Shortage of HPV anti-cancer drug Gardasil in Hong Kong prompts protest outside Merck offices in Causeway Bay, South China Morning Post, 8 June 2018. See also here

[India] Anon., Indian pharma read to tackle US drug shortages, Pharma Letter, 28 May 2024. See also here

[INdia] Safaraz Ahmed, TB epidemic; drug shortage could lead ot TB epidemic, Times of INdia, 8 May 2024.

[INdia] Anuja Jaiswal, Delhi state cancer institute, drug shortage. Times of India, 29 March 2024.

[INdia] Steffy Thevar, TB drugs: on heels of ’23 shortage, low supply hits TB drugs again. Times of India, 21 March 2023. See also here, here, here, here

[INdia] Ed Silverman, Aurobindo cuts production at a key facility [after US inspection] amid shortage concerns, Stat News, 9 February 2023.

[India] Anna Edney, US leans on India’s pharma industry to snub China, Bloomberg, 5 February 2024.

[INdia] Anon. Health crisis looms in KErala as government hospitals face severe medicine shortage, Janam News, 7 January 2024.

[India] Anon., Costly medicines: six kids facing medication shortage for rare diseases, Times of India, 27 December 2023.

[INdia] CK Mishra, The road to elimination of tuberculosis, Indian Express, 13 November 2023

[India] PT Jyothi Datta et al, Is the global health sector witnessing a shortage of generic medicine supply amid wars, The Hindu Business Line, 19 October 2023.

[India] Malathy Iyer, Quick tests for TB on hold in Mumbai due to shortage of cartridges, Times of India, 14 October 2023.

[India] Rishika Sadam, Abbott India warns of laxatives shortage in tussle with Goa regulator, Reuters, 22 September 2023

[India] Rupsa Chakraborty, Shortage of drugs forces TB officers to prioritize sicker patients, many in ear for their lives, Mumbai News, 18 September 2023. See also here, here, here

[India] Anon., Due to lack of medicines docctors and patients raise funds with charity evenings, Goa Spotlight, 4 September 2023.

[INdia] Navya PK, Shortage of tuberculosis drugs in Karnataka after Centre stops supply, Deccan Herald, 3 September 2023. See also here, here

[INdia] Anon., BC stock up TB drugs amid delayed supply from Centre, Times of India, 20 August 2023. See also here

[India] Sohini Das, US drug shortage a shot in the arm for Indian pharmaceuticals, Business Standard, 18 June 2023.

[India] Anna Edney, Cancer drug shortage: Intas Pharmaceuticals India plant quality concerns grow, Bloomberg, 15 June 2023.

[India] Anon., Haryana issues rules to meet drug shortage in civil hospitals, Times of INdia, 20 May 2023.

[India] Anon. Shortage of drugs for drug victims in Srinagar, Brighter Kashmir, 9 April 2023. See also here, here

[India] Sumitra Debroy. Short supply of HIV drug creates actue crisis in NE, Times of INdia, 4 March 2023

[INdia] Adity Saha, RML hospital reels under shortage of drugs for poor patients, Medical Dialogues, 6 NOvember 2022

[India] Muhammad, 104 number [to call] for complaints of medicine shortages in Tamil Nadu, FGN News, 8 October 2022.

[India] Laxmi Yadav, Global drug regulators at iPHEX show willingness to forge mutual recognition of approvals, Pharmabiz, 28 September 2022.

[INdia] Namrata Sindrani, Drug shortage in Karnataka [44 essential medicines], New Indian Express, 19 September 2022.. See also here

[INdia] Anon., Patients in INdia protest shortage of life-saving HIV drugs, VOA News, 24 August 2022. See also here, here, here, here, here, here

[India] BBC NEWS, India patients say hit by drugs shortage, The Star,15  August 2022. See also here

[INdia] Anon., Drug shortage hits TN [tamil Nadu] govt hospitals, New INdian Express, 13 August 2022.

[India] Anon., Worry over anti-venom drug shortage, as snake bit incidents are on the rise, New INdian Express, 4 August 2022. See also here

[India] Anon., Organ transplant parients face shortage of medicines, New Indian Express, 31 July 2022.

[India] Chaitanya Despande, Shortage of sickle cell tablets [hydroxyurea] hits govt hopsitals for the first time ever, Nagpur News Times of India, 27 July 2022.

[India] Kaisar Andrabi, Why HIV patients are having to protest shortage of life-saving drugs, Boom, 25 July 2022. See also here, here, here, here, here herehere,  here, here here; here. here, here Shortage denied here, here

[India] Anon., Kozhikode govt hospitals in grip of drug shortage, The HIndu, 20 July 2022.

[India] Jayan Menon, Shortage of drugs, faulty equipment bug Kerala’s public health sector, OnManorama, 19 July 2022. See also here

[India] Anon., Drug shortage may be affecting treatment regiment of kids with HIV in Tamil Nadu, New Indian Express, 19 July 2022.

[India] Bindu Shajan Perappadan, Concern over acute shortage of key leprosy drug in private sector, The Hindu, 29 June 2022.

[India] K. Shiva Shanker, Irked govt doctors red-flad shortage of medicines, the Hindu, 6 June 2022. See also here., here, here,

[India] Vishav Bharti, Medicine scarcity in Punjab hospitals [paracetamol], Tribune India, 4 May 2022.

[India] Niyati Parikh, Generic medicines sales up 50% in 2 years, Times of India, 25 April 2022.

[India] Anon. Etah medical college reels under shortage of essential drugs, Medical Dialogues, 3 May 2022.

[India] Anil Sharma., Medicine shortage at OOAT centres in Punjab leaves patients in the lurch. HIndustan Times, 10 April 2022. Maharashtra,

[India] Anon., No change in drug price at Jan Aushadhi outlets but many medicines remain unavailable, Mathrubhumi, 3 April 2022.

[India] Anon., KEM (Mumbai) reels under shortage of medicines, Medical Dialogues, 28 March 2022. See also here, here, here, here

[India] Manav Mander,  Jan Aushadhi Kendra at Civil Hospital, Ludhiana sans medicines, Tribune India, 14 December 2021.

[India] Anon., Drug hoarding case: nothing to suggest persons seeking assistance from Gautam Gambhir, Economic Times, 8 December 2021. See also here, here, here

[India] Devi Prasad Shetti, Another supply chain crisis? Times of India, 22 November 2021.

[India] Tabassum Barnagarwala, Why India urgently needs new regulatory framework for medical devices, Scroll in, 31 October 2021.

[India] Rabiya Bashir, Shortage of medicines puts haemophilia patients at risk, Rising Kashmir, 1 November 2021.

[India] Suraksha P, Karnataka needs 16,800 delamanid tablets; essential TB drug stocked out, Deccan Herald, 24 October 2021.

[India] Rupali Mukherjee, Shortage of key TB drug [delaminid] stress patients: activists urge govt to issue compulsory license, Times of India, 18 October 2021.

[India] Afshan Yasmeen, Government hositals in Karnataka facing shortage o basic drugs, The Hindu, 9 October 2021.

[India] Anon., Please in SC seeks high-level inquiry commission to look into shortage of medical oxygen during second wave of COVID-19, Outlook, 3 October 2021.

[India] Anon., Srinagar: Patients suffer as drug shortage hits SKIMS, The Kashmir Mirror, 17 September 2021.

[India] Divya Rajagopal, Roche won’t contest Hetero Drug’s tocilimzumab copy, Mint, 15 September 2021.

[India] Anon., Hetero gets DCGI nod to launch biosimilar version of Tocilizumab, Financial Express, 7 September 2021. See also here

[India] Anon., Acute shortage of eqipments faced by Pharma Co.’s, rise in API’s [price], to affect drug availability during COVID, India Info Online,  27 August 2021. See also here

[India] Kaniza Garari, Shortage of COVID drugs hampers speedy cure, Deccan Chronicle, 12 August 2021.

[India] Anon., No clarity on steps taken by Centre on oxygen buffer stock for Delhi, Tribune, 4 August 2021.

[India] Dr Kavita V., Impact of COVID-19 on chronic renal and liver disease patients, Economic Times, 2 August 2021.

[India] Niyati Parikh et al, Remdesivir use in second wave grew by 142% against 2020 surge, Times of India, 25 July 2021.

[India] Reuters, Sputnik V Vaccine second dose shortage to delay INdia’s full rollout, Healthworld, 12 July 2021.

[India] Abhinav Garg, File status report on black fungus drug availability, Times of India, 8 July 2021. See also  here, here

[India] Narsi Benwal, FPJ legal: petition before Bombay HC blames centre’s unpaid bills for shortage of essential COVID-19 drugs [tocilzumab], Free Press Journal, 11 June e021.

[India] Yogesh Naik, Amid rush and shortage: Wardha hospital reduces remdesivir use, says it made ‘no difference’ to patients, Indian Express, 11 June 2019. See also here

[India] Sushmita Panda, US sends 200,000 doses of black fungus drug to India amid shortage, Sputnik News, 30 May 2021. See also here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here

[India] Sri Hari Mangalam et al, COVID-19 and the shortage of drugs: a case for compulsory licensing, The Leaflet, 29 May 2021.

[India] Sparsh Upadhyay, Bengal strain most infectious: please before Calcutta HC seeks adequate supply of medical oxygen, drugs, and ppe, Live Law, 29 Mary 2021.

[India] Anon., Centre creating artificial scarcity of COVID-19 vaccines to benefit Bharat BIotech, National Herald, 28 May 2021.

[India] Vivek Singh Chauhan, Drug stock for black fungus drug dries up, TImes of India, 24 May 2021. See also here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, herehere, here, here, here, here, here

[India] Anon.,  IDMA seeks patent waiver for COVID drugs, Times of India, 17 May 2021.

[India] Anon., India’s Bharat Biotech to share its COVID vaccine code with other drug firms, Pharma Letter, 14 May 2021.

[India] Tamagna Banerjee, Kolkata: Stocking, self medication trigger antibiotic shortage, TImes of India, 13 May 2021

[India] Shainu Mohan, PRice hike of raw materials for COVID drugs adds to Kerala’s woes, New Indian Express, 13 May 2021. See also here,

[India] Diane Erickson, India’s second wave shocks the country, Vanguard, 111 May 2021.

[India] K. Shiva Shanker, Labels peeled off empty Remdesivir vials to avoid misuse, The Hindu, 8 May 2021. See also here, here, here

[India] Bloomberg, Drugmakers warn China flight halt in India could snarl production, TImes of India, 7 May 2021.

[India] Umesh Isalkar, After remdesivir shortage of key anti-fungal drug [amphotericin B] in Pune, Times of India,  7 May 2021. See also here,here, herehere, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, herehere, here, here, here

[India] Himani Chandna, Pharma industry warns of COVID drug shortages as raw materials prices surge 200% The Print, 3 May 2021.

[India] Anon., Natco gets emergency nod for COVID-19 drug Baricitinib, Business Today, 3 May 2021.

[India] Shweta Sengar, Acute short supply of vitaminC, zinc, tablets in several states, India Times, 3 May 2021.

[India] Anon., Hoarders causing drug shortage, TImes of India, 2 May 2021. See also here, here, here

[India] Anon. Essential medicines [paracetomol, azithromycin, ivermectin] might face shortage if API costs continue to rise, News 18, 30 April 2021.

[India] Anon., Crisis over shortage of remdesivir, fabilfue to end by next fortnight, DT Next, 1 May 2021. See also here, here

[India] Anon., India to import 4.5 lakh vials of Remdesivir to plug shortage, Business Today, 30 April 2021. See also here, here

[India] Anup Agarawal, Misinformed and misleading The Hindu, 29 April 2021.

[India] Rebecca Seales et al., India’s COVID crisis: inside the world’s worst second wave, BBC, 28 April 2021.

[India] Reuters, US drugmakers step up supplies as India battles COVID-19 surge, 27 April 2021.

[India] Anon., Millions of vials of remdesivir exported, now Indians suffering due to shortage, Outlook, 27 April 2021. See also here, here,

[India] Sudhanshu Singh, Favipiravir shortage may get filled up in a couple weeks, Business Insider, 27 April 2021.

[India] Trisha Roy et al., Gilead to ship 450,000 remdesivir vials to India as COVID-19 cases surge, Reuters, 26 April 2021.

[India] Leroy Leo, test materials in short supply, Livemint, 26 April 2021

[India] Radhika Kajarekar, Govt approves Virafin, a medicine that claims to treat COVID patients within 7 days, TAGS, 24 April 2021.

[India] Omkar Gokhale, Bombay HC suggests temporary ban on cigarette sale during pandemic, Indian Express, 24 April 2021. See also here, here, here

[India] Ashin Mathew, India stares at shortage of COVID-19 drug Tocilizumab, National Herald, 22 April 2021. See also here, here

[India] Sukirti Diwvedi et al., Fabiflu strips causing shortage, NDTV, 22 April 2021

[India] Anon, Hospitals face oxygen shortage. Hindustan Times, 21 April 2021. See also here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here,

[INdia] Girish Agarwal, Generic medicines: 89 percent of all prescriptions dispensed with a generic drug, Economic Times, 21 April 2021[India] Anon. Bruck Pharma co director denies stocking COVID-19 drug Remdeivir vials in Mumbai, Livemint, 20 April 2021.

[India] Leroy Leo, Vitamins, antivirals shortage piles woes on covid patients, Livemint, 20 April 2021. See also here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here,here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here

[India] Soumitra Bose, Amid bed shortage, scarcity of crucial drugs delaying discharge, Times of India, 20 April 2021. See also here, here, here, here, here, here

[India] Manavi Kapur, How India’s covid-19 second wave worsened in just a fortnight, Quartz India, 19 April 2021.

[India] Anon., In letter to PM, Mamata flags vaccine, drug shortage, Indian Express, 19 April 2021. See also here re compulsory license

[India] Amandeep Dixit, Chandigarh: Six arrested for Remdesivir black marketing amid shortage, Republic World, 18 April 2021. See also here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here,here, here

[India] Manasi Padke, How the BJP tried to buy remdesivir directly from firm, The Print, 19 April 2021.

[India] Jyothi Datta, Remdesivir shortage concerns take a global turn, The Hindu Business Line, 19 April 2021. See also here

[India] Anon., Wardha-based Genetek Lifesciences to manufacture Remdesivir drug amid severe shortage, SIFY, 18 April 2021.

[India] B. Madhu Gopal, Acute shortage of vaccine, drugs and testing facilities causing distress among people, The Hindu, 18 April 2021.

[India] Steffy Thevar, COVID second wave: after remdesivir, Pune city faces shortage of Tocilizumab, Hindustan Times, 18 April 2021. See also here

[India] Aparna Banerjea, Remdesivir manufacturers cut price on govt’s request, Livemint, 17 April 2021.

[India] Aparna Banerjea, Remdesivir manufacturers to cut price, ramp up production amid COVID-19 spike, Livemint, 14 April 2021. [blames shortage on decreased production as COVID waned]

[India] Altaf Baba, Medicine shortage hits Baramulla hospitals, Greater Kashmir, 14 April 2021.

Sohini Das, Govt slams states: no COVID-19 vaccine shortage only poor planning, Business Standard News, 14 April 2021.

[India] Anon., Political slugfest erupts after Gujarat BJP chief offers free remdesivir, Hindustan Times, 13 April 2021.

[India] Anon., Make remdesivir available like paracetamol: HC reprimands Gujarat govt over COVID drug shortage, Medical Dialogues, 13 April 2021.

[India] Anon, Government halts exports of remdesivir, Times of India, 13 April 2021.

[India] Aparna Banerjea, Sputnik V COVID-19 vaccine recommended for emergency use approval in India, Livemint, 12 April 2021. See also here, here

[India] Anon., Centre bans export of drug Remdesivir amid surge in cases, Scroll, 11 April 2021. See also here,

[India] Tanushree Venkatraman, Vaccine shortage war of words continues between Maharashtra, Centre, Hindustan Times, 9 April 2021. See also here, here, here,

[India] V. Sajeev Kumar, Container shortage, rising freight rates hit pharmaceuticla exports, The Hindu Business Line, 8 April 2021

[India] Anon., Six states complain of vaccine shortage, Outlook, 8 April 2021.

[India] Anon., No shortage but along queues for remdesivir, Times of India, 5 April 2021. See also here, here, here, here, here, here  herehere, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here [also of oxygen], here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, denied, here, here, here, here, here, denied, denied, here, here, here, herehere, here, here, herehere, heredenied, denied, end predicted, oral form

[India] Anon., Cases of overcharging for remdesivir surface, Times of India, 6 April 2021. See also here

[India] Rupsa Chakraborty, BMC to procure 1.5 lakh vials of Remdesivir, Hindustan Times, 31 March 2021. See also here; shortage denied here

[India] Anon., Call for Compulsory Licenses and cheaper TB drugs grows louder in INdia, Pharma Letter, 29 March 2021.

[India] Sunitha Rao, Vaccine shortage acute as hospitals in Bengaluru turn seniors away. Times of India, 26 March 20201.

[India] Anon., Medicine scarcity leaves Ukhru OST centre on brink of closure, Sangai Express, 20 March 2021.

[India] Usha Sharma, Pharma MSME’s seek ogvernment intervention to tackle shortage, price increases of raw materials, Express Pharma, 16 March 2021.

[India] Payal Dawan, Shortage of thalassemia medicine at civil hospital, patients protest, Times of India, 3 March 2021.

[India] Anon., Transparency key to solving drug shortage, Times of India, 24 February 2021.

[India] Anon., US Pharmacopeia calls for supply chain diversity, The Hindu, Business Line, 23 February 2021.

[India] Fraiser Kamsteiner, FDA slaps import alert on India’s s Shilpa after sterile injectible [drugs for cancer] issues multiply Fierce Pharma, 19 February 2021.

[India] Malathy Iyer, Affordable chemo drug [ifosfamide] out of stock, alternative costly, Mumbai Times, 29 January 2021. See also here.

[India] Anon., Essential medicines in short supply in GMCH, Lokmat, 13 January 2021.

[India] Aparna Banerjea, First six months of 2021 will see a COVID vaccine shortage globally, Livemint, 28 December 2020.

[India] Anon., Indian pharma companies to benefit from improving US demand, DT Next, 19 December 2020. See also here here and here

[India] Ruchika, NPPA pulls up manufacturers of Enoxaparin injection after observing shortage in Chhattisgarh, Medical Dialogues, 13 December 2020.

[India] Ranjan Dasgupta, NMC seeks separate quota of Remdesivir for 2 hosps, Times of India, 13 December 2020.

[India] Anon., Medicine traders flad supply shortage as farmer protest blocks major roads in North India, News 18, 7 December 2020. See also here

[India] Shushmi Dey, See stir doesn’t disrupt medicine supply, Chemist outfit to Modi, Times of India, 7 December 2020.

[India] Nikkhil Masurkar, Indian pharma’s twin objectives in post-COVID world: boosting drug discovery and localizing API production, Times of India, 20 November 2020.

[India] Lakshmipriya Nair, Drug developers are interested in innovative technology to help meet packaging requirements – – shortage of glass vials? Express Pharma, 10 November 2020.

[India] Anon., Will MP Government cap remdesivir’s price to check overcharging? Free Press Journal, 21 October 2020.

[India] Abdul Latheef Naha, Now an alternative to the depleting drug Sarpagantha [rauwolfia], The Hindu, 16 October 2020.

[India] J. Jagannath, Covid-19 Maharashtra govt fixes remdesivir price to tackle overcharing, Mint, 16 October 2020.

[India] Tabassum Banagarwala, Maharastra has adequate Remdesivir, shortage as patients want cheapest drug, Indian Express, 10 October 2020.

[India] Anurag Bende, Key drug being sourced at CoEP centre privately for high prices, Pune Mirror, 2 OCtober 2020.

[India] Ranjan Dasgupta, Nashik FDA streamlines remdesivir drug supply, Times of India, 1 October 2020.

[India] Viswanath Pila, Even as domestic demand for Remdeivir outstrips supply, manufacturers are exporting the drug, Money Control, 29 September 2020.

[India] Anon. Dr Reddy’s launches generic drug [dexmetetomidine]  in US market, Outlook, 24 September 2020. See also here here and here.

[India] Anon., Maha faces shortage in supply of remdesivir after batch gets with drawn due to bad quality, News 18, 23 September 2020. See also here here here here here here here here and here

[INdia] Vaibhab Ganjapure, Collector’s panel to ensure adequate supply of oxygen, Times of India, 23 September 2020.

[India] Anon., Covid-19 Pharamceutical Pricing Authority issues warning on black marteting of medical oxygen, Yahoo News, 20 September 2020.

[India] Chaitanya Marpakwar, Remdesivir shortage back, Mumbai Mirror, 20 September 2020. denied. Affirmed. See also here here here

[India] Anuradha Mascarenhas., Pune hospitals running out of remdesivir, Indian Express, 18 September 2020.

[India] Anon., Oxygen shortage: UP CM instructs officials to ensure oxygen is supplied on prescribed rates, United News of India, 14 September 2020. Denied. See also here and here

[India] Chaitanya Marpakwar, Price of remdesivir falls as more firms get approval to make drug, Mumbai Mirror, 30 August 2020.

[India] Anon., National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority playing crucial role in ensuring availability of essential drugs at reasonable prices, Outlook, 29 August 2020.

[India] Anon., India should be the hub for API …and schemes to boost indigenous manufacturing…, APN News, 25 August 2020.

[India] Sachin Ravikumar, India’s shortage of remdesivir is easing, Brinkwire, 24 August 2020.

[India] Chaitanya Deshpande, Vidarbha staring at tocilzumab shortage, Times of India, 24 August 2020.

[India] Chaitanya Marpakwar et al. After Remdesivir, shortage of Tocilizumab in city, Mumbai Mirror, August 2020/

[India] Prashasti Awasthi, Highly vouched antimalarial drug hydroxychloroquine ineffective in Covid-19 cases, Hindu Business Line, 18 August 2020.

[India] Lata Mishra, Pvt hospitals face severe shortage of Tocilizumab, Mumbai Mirror 16 August 2020. See also here here and here.

[India] Anon., Zydus Cadila launches least expensive version on Remedsivir in India, New Indian Express, 13 August 2020.

[India] Reuters, India’s shortage of remdesivir is easing, India News, WIONews, 12 August 2020. See also here here  here  here

[India] Aakanksha Khajuria, 5 states face extreme shortage of abortion pills amid Covid outbreak, Daiji World, 10 August 2020. Also here, here here, and here

[India] Gajendra Singh, Opinion: the menace of counterfeit drugs that India must face, Live Mint, 9 August 2020.

[India] Jack Ole Pitsu, This new order of Trump became a problem for India, OBN, 9 August 2020.

[India] Vicky Pathare, FDA chemists join hands to provide COVID drugs, Pune Mirror, 5 August 2020.

[India] Arunkumar Halimath, Amid shortage of remdesivir kin of COVID 19 patients pressure politicians to procure drug, New Indian Express, 4 August 2020. See also here

[India]  Aksheev Thakur, REmdesivir being sold in black market as its demand skyrockets, Deccan Chronicle, 31 July  2020. See also here here here here  here and here 

[India] Sumedha Sharma, Drug smugglers plan to smuggle COVID-19 drugs to IRaq through Vande Barat flight, Tribune, 28 July 2020.

[India] Ralph Alex Arakal, Shortage of drug, lack of manpower add to Bengaluru’s COVID-19 challenges, Indian Express, 27 July 2020. See also here

[India] Rupsa Chakraborty, With rise in demand, state FDA to buy remdesivir from Gujarat firm, Hindustan Times, 25 July 2020.

[India] Zeeba Siddiqui et al, India sees record 49,000 new coronavirus cases, drug shortages in places, Yahoo, 24 July 2020.

[India] Arshad R. Zargar, Shortage of key coronavirus drug remdesivir fuels illegal market in India, CBS News, 22 July 2020. See also here

[India]  Anon., Piramal Critical Care announces strategic partnerships with Medivant Healthcare, New Kerala, 22 July 2020. See also here here here here

[India] Karishma Banga, 3 ways techology can help global drug makers fight COVID-19, World Economic Forum, 21 July 2020. See also here

[India] Anon., Ensure supply of COVID-19 drugs, New Indian Express, 19 July 2020.

[India] Steffy Thevar, Drugs’ shortage continues but FDA hopes to regularize supply, Hindustan Times, 19 July 2020.

[India] Alok Deshpande, State to check black marketing of remdesivir and tocilizumab, The Hindu, 18 July 2020. Also here

[India] Archit Watts et al., De-addiction drugs in shortage supply, patients suffer, Tribune, 16 July 2020. Also here,

[India] Monideepa Banerjie, Kolkata markets run out of COVID drugs, NDTV, 16 July 2020. Also here.

[India] Purva Chitnis, Coronavirus shortage of key COVID drugs impedes Maharshtra’s Coronavirus Fight, RTDV, 15 July 2020.

[India] Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw, Biocon BIologics set to ramp up production of itolizumab, Live Mint, 13 July 2020.

[India] Himani Chandna, Prices of some medicines could go up as cost of Chinese bulk drugs import surges, The Print, 13 July 2020. Also Black market and here

[India] Anon., Remdesivir makers asked to come clean on price, output, Daily Pioneer, 10 July 2020.

[India] Annona Dutt, Remdesivir shortage hits Delhi [and Mumbai], Hindustan Times, 8 July 2020. See also here here here here  here here, here, here here here here and here. Free handouts here

[India] NAvya Singh, Life-saving HIV drugs risk shortage as COVID-19 disrupts supplies, The Logical Indian, 8 July 2020.

[India] Pankaj Upadhyay, Remdesivir shortage continues in Mumbai as cases rise, India Today, 8 July 2020. See also here

[India] Rhythma Kaul, Concerns over drugs DCGI warns against overpricing, shortage, Hindustan Times, 8 July 2020.

[INdia] Anuradha Mascarenhas, INdia won’t face stock-outs of antiretroviral medicines, Indian Express, 7 July 2020.

[India] Pratip Acharya, Caught on BEST foot, undertaking dips into its Remdesivir sstock for 7 staffers, Free Press, 4 July 2020.

[India] Anon., Acute shortage of Remdesivir causes panic in Indian states, Zee5, 3 July 2020. See also here and here and here

[India] Arimdam Das, Pharmacies are facing a shortage of essential drugs, TImes Now, 2 July 2020. Also here

[India] Leory Leo, NPPA uses emergency powers to hike critical blood thinning drug [heparin] price by 50%, Livemint, 2 July 2020.

[India] Anon., IPCA Lab update: on USFDA exemption from import alert [hydroxy chloroquine no longer in shortage, India Info Online, 2 July 2020. See also here and here.

[India] K K Aggarawal, The good fight: how pharma companies, healthcare staff, government joined forces to fight COVID-19 [increased collaboration], Financial Express, 2 July 2020.

[India] Ambika Sharma, Delay in Customs clearance leads to shortage of APIs, Tribune, 29 June 2020.

[India] Sandip Sen, Making bulk drugs in India will need policy stability, Economic Times, 23 June 2020.

[India] Parveen Arora, Imports hit, pharma industry faces raw material shortage, Tribune, 23 June 2020.

[India] Anon., Monsoon worry, Kolhan faces shortage of anti-snake venom drug, Times of India, 23 June 2020.

[India] Rutam Vora, After severe shortage during lockdown, Vitamin C tablets flood market, Hindu Business, 17 June 2020.

[India] KV Navya, Tamil Nadu sources epilepsy medicine from abroad, The New Indian Express, 19 June 2020.

[India] Sumita Debroy et al., Mumbai: shortage of critical medicines and ICU beds to blame for death surge? Times of India, 12 June 2020.

[India] Anon., Shortage of a crucial COVID-19 drug [tociluzumab] worries doctors as Tamil Nadu grapples with deadly pandemic, New Indian Express, 6 June 2020. See also here

[India] B S Anilkumar, Raw material shortage hinders HCQ production [availability and price of API from China] Times of India, 30 May 2020.  see also here

[India] Ravi Kumar, Paracetomol API exports to resume, The Hindu, 28 MAy 2020.

[India] Parvesh Sharma, Rush at OOAT [addictions] centres causes drug shortage, Tribune India, 26 May 2020.

[India] Aakash Desai et al., The Hydroxychloroquine fiasco, New Indian Express, 24 May 2020. See also here. Shortage ends here

[India] Rupsa Chakraborty, Shortage of hydroxychloroquine in city: chemists pvt hospitals, Hindustan Times, 23 May 2020. See also here

[India] Himani Chandna, Why India saw only 4 pharma products launched in April, The Print, 21 May 2020.

[India] Anil Sharma, De-addiction clinics in Tarn Taran, Amritsar face medicine shortage, Hindustan Times,  20 May 2020.

[India] Divya Rajagopal, Tocilizumab: dilemma for doctors as Roche’s COVID drug is life-saver but too costly, Economic Times, 20 May 2020.

[India] Sohini Das, Huge scope for Indian pharma as FDA eases drug scrutiny over shortage in US, Business Standard, 19 May 2020.

[India] Divya Rajagopal, USFDA looks for ways to speed up plant inspections, Economic Times, 16 May 2020.

[India] Anon. Grave shortage of medicine for epilepsy care amid COVID-19 lockdown, THe New Indian Express, 30 April 2020.

[India] Sunitha Rao, Hydroxychloroquine shortage a pain for Bengaluru arthiritis patients, Times of India, 25 April 2020. contradicted

[India] Prathima Nandakumar, India has enough hydroxychloroquine stocks for 3 months, The Week, 17 April 2020.

[India] jeremy Spirogis, Lockdown: fears of scarcity of medication, manufacturing is stalled, Sahiwal TV, 12 April 2020.

[India] Jeevan Prakash Sharma, As India exports hydroxychloroqine Punjab faces actue shortage of the medicine due to panic buying, Outlook India, 11 April 2020.

[India] Sangai Express, Pharmacists arm of shortage of live saving drugs, E-PAO headlines, 6 April 2020.

[India] Anon., Medicine supplies delayed as doorstep delivery halts in Mumbai, Thane, Times of India, 5 April 2020

[India] Debabrata Mohanty et al, National lockdown over COVID-19 leads to drug shortage for HIV patients, Hindustan Times, 1 April 2020.

[India] Sohini Das, Ipca and Cadila healthcare gear up to make drug for coronavirus, Business Standard, 23 March 2020.

[India] Anon, Coronavirus: PM Modi interacts with Pharma leaders to ensure no shortage of drugs, Medical Dialogues, 23 March 2020. See also here.

[India] Anon., Coronovirus might lead to drug shortage crisis, says Biplab Talapatra, The Sentinel, 18 March 2020 [90% raw materials from China].

[India] IANS,  Gov’t to fast track green nod [environmental clearance for bulk producers] to curb drug shortage, Outlook India, 11 March 2020. See also here, here, and here

[India] Anon., India could avert medicine shortage as bulk drugs start arriving from coronavirus hit China, The Print, 10 March 2020.

[India] Vinod Kumar, No raw material supply from China Punjab staring at shortage of essential drugs, Times of India, 9 March 2020.

[India] Chandigarh, Punjab Food and Drugs Administration staff to keep a tab on chemists [penalties for hoarding and black market], The Pioneer, 9 March 2020.

[India] Prithvijit Mitha, Coronavirus outbreak: Hospitals stare at shortage of medicines, equipment after imports squeeze in Kolkata [70% API from China], Times of India, 8 March 2020.

[India] Viswanath Pilla, Why we need to avoid knee-jerk reactions while dealing with COVID-19, Moneycontrol, 8 March 2020.

[India] Maia Anderson, India limits drug exports, raises concern of coronavirus-linked drug shortage [13 APIs, 13 finished drugs, including paracetamol metronidazole, and B vitamins], Beckers, 4 March 2020. See also here, here.

[India] Anon., Coronavirus: Drug shortage fears as India limits exports, BBC, 3 March 2020.

[India] Anon., India’s Sun Pharma says shortage of hypertension drug in US [pindolol], Live Mint, 2 March 2020. See also here, here. Company says it does not source API from China.

[India] Anuran Kumar Mitra, Sun Pharma flags hypertension drug shortage [pindolol], Reuters, 2 March 2020. See also here.

[India] G.S. Mudur, Tuberculosis drug shortage alert [Abbott to stop making Clofazimine for MDR TB shortage of API], The Telegraph, 25 February 2020.

[India] Anon., India China spar over drug supplies, The Tribune, 24 February 2020.

[India] Dr Gopal Dabade, What’s the medicine for this crisis: India must revive its bulk drug manufacturing capacity, rather than depend on China, Deccan Herald, 23 February 2020.

[India] Yogima Seth Sharma et al, Coronavirus cure: Niti CEO to find ways to reduce drug import dependence on China, Economic Times, 20 February 2020.

[India] Himani Chandna, India lists 38 drug raw materials for which it wants to end dependence on China, The Print, 19 February 2020.

[India] BV Mahalakshmi, Bulk drug manufacturers express concern over hike in raw material costs, The Financial Express 19 February 2020. See also here and here.

[India] Anon., India considers export ban on critical drugs amid fears that coronarius epidemic could lead to medicine shortages, RT World News, 17 February 2020. See also here

[India] Himani Chandna, Prices of Paracematol other bulk drugs jump as coronavirus crisis stokes fear ofshortage, The Print, 14 February 2020. [India limits price hikes to 10 % per year]

[India] Anon., Coronavirus fallout: Himachal pharma industry faces faw material shortage, Hindustan Times, 14 February 2020.

[INdia] Swapnil Mishra, Drug shortage in govt hospitals: ‘local’ purchases of medicines blamed, Free Press, 14 February 2020.

[India] Namita Kohli, Ample stock of drugs for two-three months, The Week, 13 February 2020.

[India] Anon., Need for a policy to make bulk drugs in India [considering ban on exports], Khmer Times, 12 February 2020. See also here.

[India] Himani Chandna, India’s supply of these medicines could be hurt by China’s coronavirus crisis 80 oercent of raw materials come from China], The Print, 10 February 2020. See also here and here and here.

[India] Teena Thacker, Panel mulls drug export curbs to avoid shortage, The Economic Times, 10 February 2020.

[India] Anon., Indian pharma threatened by coronavirus outbreak that could lead to shortage of Chinese drug imports, RT Bulletin, 9 February 2020.

[India] Mustafa Shaikh, Coronavirus: shortage of N95 masks in India as demand rises, drug associatio seeks ban on exports, India Today, 31 January 2020.

[India] Anon., Kashmir hospitals short of life-saving drugs, Brighter Kashmir, 16 January 2020.

[India] Swapnil Mishra, BMC may procure life-saving drugs in Feb [Mumbai], The Free Press Journal, 6 January 2020.

[India] E.Kumar Sharma, New Year 2020: after a turbulent decade pharma sector prays for calmer waters [higher prices, EML] Business Today, 31 December 2019.

[India] Warangal Urban, Rabies vaccine shortage hits MGM hospital, The Hindu, 23 December 2019

[India] Anubhav Sahu, Drug price increase: who gains big, what it means for the industry, Money Control, 17 December 2019. [NPPA hikes ceiling price for 21 meds]

[India] Editorial, A band-aid [raising prices of essential medicines], Indian Express, 16 December 2019.

[India] Anon., Govt moves to check artificial shortage of stents, Livingston Ledger, 8 December 2019.

[India] Asif Chaudury, More than 80% of Punjab facilities lack anti-rabies vaccine, Dawn, 5 December 2019.

[India] Anon., Concern over shortage of ART medicines in Manipur, NorthEast Now, 2 December 2019.

[India] Viswanath Pilla, Pharma wrap: a closer look at drug price controls and shortages, Money Control, 30 November 2019.

[India] Bijendra Ahlawat, Low on facilities, F’bad civil hospital caters to 2,000 daily, Tribune, 29 November 2019.

[India] Sunitha Rao, Policy flaws lead to severe shortage of snake antivenom, tetanus, rabies drugs, Times of India, 15 November 2019.

[India] Parveen Arora, Jan Aushadhi Kendra, AMRIT pharmacy face drug shortage, Tribune, 8 November 2019.

[India] Anon., Kashmir hospitals run without life-saving drugs, Brighter Kashmir, November 2019.

[India] Ajai Joshi, Medicine shortage at govt dispensary, patients suffer, Tribune, 14 October 2019.

[India] Anon. IOK reels under military siege, Kashmir Media Service, 7 October 2019.

[India] Prasad Babu, Shortage of anti-rabies vaccine plagues Ongole RIMS, New Indian Express, 30 September 2019

[India] Anil Sharma, govt run OOAT centres in Tarn Taran battle shortage of medicines, Hindustan Times, 12 September 2019.

[India] Swagata Yadavar et al, In J&K shutdown PM’s health scheme grinds to a halt, Healthcare cirisis grows, India Spend, 6 September 2019. See also here.

[India] Kaniza Garari, Hyderabad drugs shortage hits cure at Govt hospitals, Deccan Chronicle, 5 September 2019.

[India] Vani S.Kulkarni et al., Opinion: a classic antidote to the rising venom against doctors, Live Mint, 4 September 2019.

[India] Preetika Rana et al, India’s Kashmir clampdown turns hospitals into graveyards, Wall Street Journal, 28 August 2019.

[India] Zachary Brennan, CDER warns Chinese, Indian manufacturers, RAPS, 27 August 2019.

[India] Anon., No shortage, no overpricing: Srinagar administrationdismisses rumours of medicine unavailability in Kashmir, OpIndia, 24 August 2019. See also here, here, here, here here, herehere here, and here. Why so much denial? See opposite reports 28 August and 6 September.

[India] G. Subhash Chandra, Shortage of syringes, essential drugs in Chitradurga district of Karnataka raise concern, New Indian Express, 23 August 2019.

[India] Anon., Man sells cell phone for daughter’s treatment after hospital runs out of anti-rabies vaccine, 20 August 2019.

[India-Kashmir] Anon., Kashmiris face drug shortages ahead of India blackout, Al Bawaba, 19 August 2019. See also here.

[India] Samrat Sharma, Private hospitals overcharging patients, selling medicines at inflated prices, government finds, Financial Express, 12 August 2019.

[India] Serena Josephine M., Shortage of combination drugs puts HIV patients at risk, The Hindu, 6 August 2019.

[India] Madhu Gopal Visakhapatnam, A. Pradesh tribal areas plagued by seasonal diseases, The Hindu, 27 July 2019.

[India] Dileep V. Kumar, Medicine shortage at RCC hits patients hard, New Indian Express, 23 July 2019. See also here and here.

[India] A.S.Jayanth, 44 Jan Aushaddhi stores to lose licences, The Hindu, 16 July 2019.

[India] Ram Prakash, Patiala govt hospital short of basic drugs, Tribune, 12 July 2019.

[India] Bishnu K Jha, Staff, medicines, faculty, Darbhanga’s largest hospital falls short on all fronts, Hindustan Times, 9 July 2019.

[India] Rupsa Chakraborty, BMC to review blacklisting of drug supplier,, 2 July 2019.

[India] Anon.,  Steps taken to overcome shortage of medicine stocks in state-run hospitals, Hans India, 1 July 2019.

[India] Anon., Shortage of anti-venom,anti-rabies vaccines lead to ‘black marketing’, State Times, 30 June 2019.

[India] Swapnil Mishra, Association decides to stop medicine supply to Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation, Free Press Journal, 26 June 2019. See also here.

[India] Anon., Mumbai civic hospitals to face medicine shortage from tomorrow as disttibutors suspend supply to protest blacklisting of their colleague, First Post, 26 June 2019. See also here.

[India] Reshma Ravishanker, Karnataka looking to borrow medicines from neighbours, Deccan Herald, 25 June 2019.

[India] Anon.,Drug shortage in civic hospitals, Free Press, 22 June 2019.

[India] Anon., Diabetics! check your insulin stock, drug may run short in gov’t hospitals, Manorama, 19 June  2019.

[India] Swapnil Mishra, Not just medicine, BMC hospitals may also run out of injections, glucose, Free Press Journal, 17 June 2019.

[India] Hina Rohtaki, What holds back students from rural jobs: poor infra, poor drug shpply, pay issues, Indian Express, 16 June 2019.

[India] Amrita Didyala, OGH gasps for mergency drugs, Times of India, 13 June 2019.

[India] Anon., Gulbarga Medical Institute facing shortage of anti-rabies vaccine, New Kerala, 9 June 2019. See also herehere, here.

[India] Anon., Jan Aushadhi store to operate 24-7 at Rahindra Hospital, Tribune, 29 May 2019.

[India] Sadaguru Pandit, Mumbai medicine suppliers hit back at BMC, give 33 reasons for late delivery, Hindustan Times, 20 May 2019.

[India] Rupsa Chakraborty, We are being trargeted form BMC’s negligence — warning to 23 suppliers,, 19 May 2019.See also here.

[India ARCHIVE  2012 to 2 years ago]

[Indonesia] Anon., Indonesians ignore warnings in rush to by anti-parasite drug (Ivermectin) to cure COVID-19, The Straits Times, 8 July 2021. See also here, hereherehere

[Indonesia] Hendry Luis et al, Evolving ART [antiretroviral] crisis for people living with HIV in Indonesia, Lancet HIV, 28 April 2020.

[Indonesia] Dyaning Pangestika, Activists urge govt to resolve iV drugs shortage amid COVID-19 pandemic, Jakarta Post, 20 March 2020.

[Indonesia] A. Muh Ibna Aquil, Lengthy AGO investigation leads to ARV drug shortage, Jakarta Post, 12 March 2020.

[Indonesia] A. Muh. Ibna Aquil, HIV drug shortage hits Indonesian cities, Jakarta Post 10 March 2020.

[Indonesia]  Jagruti Dave, Mass pig deaths in China spark fear of Helparin drug shortage, CNA, 27 December 2019.

[Indonesia] Reuters, Indonesia seeks to reassure HIV patients over incoming drug shortage fears, Global Times, 13 January 2019.

[Indonesia] Anon., Bali: Vested interest within the departmentspreading false news about drug shortage. Brighter Kashmir, 31 August 2017.

[Iraq–Kurdistan] Anon., Cancer patients continue to face drug shortfall, Rudaw, 20 July 2022.

[Iran] Medhi Hosseini Medicine scarce in Iranian pharmacies, abundant in free market, Iranian Focus, 14 March 2024.

[Iran] Mostafa Asiani, Struggling for care: Iran’s saoring health care costs and medication shortages, Iran News Update, 17 February 2023.

[Iran] Anon., Iranian drug shortage worsens amid currency crisis, Iran International, 14 November 2023.

[Iran] Anon., Iranian lawmaker says medicine shortages can lead to crisis, Iran INternational,2  July 2023.

[Iran] Mousa Afshar, How the IRGC’s medicine mafia profits from Iran’s drug shortage, NCR-Iran, 29 April 2023.

[Iran] Anon., Iranian leader warns of severe shortage of crucial drugs, Radio Free Europe, 8 July 2022

[Iran] Anon., How corruption has create d a severe medicine shortage, Middle East Eye, 16 April 2022. See also here

[Iran] Sia Rajabi, Severe shortage of COVID medicine is a threat to life for Iranians, Iran Focus, 31 August 2021.

[Iran] Anon., Iran’s attempt to save hard currency led to shortages of COVID drugs, Iran International, 13 August 2021.

[Iran] Yusef Jalali, US medical bans continue to claim lives in Iran, PressTV, 15 March 2021.

[Iran] Kourosh Ziabari, US sanctions cause acute insulin shortages in Iran, Asia Times, 27 October 2020. See also here and here

[Iran] Anon. Iran’s insulin shortage prompts scrutiny, Radio Farda, 20 October 2020.

[Iran] Nicki Siamaki, Executives describe bottlenecks, red tape in Iran’s pharmaceutical sector, Bourse and Bazaar, 16 September 2020.

[Iran] Pooya Stone, Iran health ministry in spotlight over coronavirus failures, Iran Focus, 18 May 2020.

[Iran] Anon., [citing Hassan Qashghavi] US sanctions hinder Iranian patients’ access to needed medicines, Mehr News Agency, 18 January 2020.

[Iran] Anon., Behind the shortage of influenza treatment in Iran [81 deaths blamed on low price], Iran Focus, 11 December 2019. See also here.

[Iran] Victoria Rees, US sanctions on Iran creating critical drug shortage, European Pharmaceutical Review, 1 August 2019.See also here and here.

[Iran] Pooya Stone  How Iran’s government controls drug trafficking and the counterfeit drug mafia, Iran Focus, 18 September 2019.

[Iran] Chris Johannes, Sardasht chemical attack survivors, the forgotten Kurds in US-Iran tensions, Rudaw, 9 July 2019.

[Iran] Anon., Iran lawmaker blames US sanctions for shortage of medical devices, Radio Farda, 3 June 2019.

[Iran] Nilo Tabrizi, Iranians fear medicine shortages as US tightens sanctions, New York Times, 11 November 2018.

[Iran] Reuters, Iranian fear rising prices, drug shortages as US sacntions begin Jerusalem Post, 4 November 2018.

[Iran] Anon., Sanctions leave Iranian patients in need of crucial medicine, Middle East Online, 3 October 2018. See also here and here.

[Iran] Anon., Corruption and mismanagement caused medicine shortage in Iran, not sanctions, Iran News Update, 7 September 2018.

[Iran] Anon., As currency drops Iran faces shortages of medications, Radio Farda, 14 August 2018. See also here.

[Iran] Anon., Worker’s voice not being heard by anyone, Iran News Update, 28 May 2018.

[Iran] Anon., FDA says drug shortages reduced to bare minimum. Financial Tribune, 10 August 2017.

[Iran] Anon., Domestic medicine crisis ends, says head of 13-Aban Pharmacy [attributed to sanctions], Financial Tribune, 8 May 2017.

[Iran] Declan Butler, Iran hit by drug shortages, Nature News, 3 December 2013.

[Iran] Daniel Nasaw, Iran drug shortage: US Iranians send medicine to avert crisis, BBC News Magazine, 10 January 2013.

[Iran] Assal Reza, La pénurie des medicaments fait des victimes, Le Monde, 2 January 2013.

[Iran] Payvand Iran News & Radio Zamaneh, Blood disease sufferers face drug shortage in Iran, 20 July 2013.

[Iran] Reuters, Dubai, Ahmadinejad fires Itan’s only female cabinet minister. Health Minister had criticized colleagues over shortages of medicines. Globe and Mail, 27 December 2012.

[Iraq] Anon., KRG plans to increase availability of medicine,, 17 November 2021.

[Iraq] Arvand Rud, Basra,The “Venice of the Middle East’ poisoned by bacteria and pollution, Asia News, 30 September 2019.

[Iraq–Kurdistan] Mohamad Dargalaye, Child dies of thalassemia as result of Baghdad’s sanction on drug supplies to Kurdistan, basnews, 21 November 2017.

[Iraq] AFP, Drug shortages and maulnutrition in Mosul, Daily Mail, 21 February 2017.

[Iraq] Anon., Kurdistan Regional Government urges Iraq to comepensate for drug shortage caused by refugee influx, Rudaw, 31 December 2016.

[Israel] Adir Yanko, New wave of COVID-19 cases in Israel leads to critical drug shortages, Ynet news, 15 July 2024.

[Israel] Anon, Soaring anciety pill sales in Israel reveal dark truth, TImes Now, 1 December 2023.

[Israel] Nathan Jeffay, Escalating drug shortage poses danger to Israelis’ health, Times of Israel, 17 November 2022.

[Israel] Hana Levi Julien, HMOs warn of winter shortages in paracetomol, other medicines, Jewish Press, 6 November 2022. See also here, here,

[Israel] Reuters, Teva halts output at US drug plant after FDA flags concerns, 4 October 2021. See also here, here.

[Israel] Aryeh Stern, Facing a shortage Israel considers limiting vaccines to single dose, Hamodia, 3 January 2021.

[Israel] Anon., Medical Cannabis shortage in Israel leaves 15,000 patients without a solution, Yeshiva World, 3 April 2019.

[Israel] Ido Efrati, Israeli hospitals weigh usage of crucial antibiotic [tazocin] amid globabl shortage, Haaretz, 3 July 2017.

[Japan] TOmoko Otake et al., Drug shortages create challenge for Japan as influenza cases rise, The Japan Times, 9 November 2023.

[Japan] Kathleen Benoza, Challenges persist as scandals plague Japan’s geeneric drug push, Japan Times, 12 July 2023.

[Japan] Anon., Tokyo shops limit cold medicine purchases as Chinese buyers empty stocks amid COVID-19 wave, SCMP, 26 December 2022.

[Japan] Anon., Scandals lead to supply shortages for 3,100 drugs in Japan, ASAHI Shimbun, 13 December 2021.

[Japan] Kevin Dunleavy, Takeda breached contract with Abbvie by failing to supply prostate cancer drug Lupron, Fierce Pharma, 23 September 2021.

[Japan] AFP, three more coronavirus cases found on Japan cruise ship [passengers running out of meds], Yahoo News, 8 February 2020. Also here.

[Japan] Eric Palmer, GSK runs into supply issues after China plant damaged by nearby explosion, Fierce Pharma, 8 September 2015.

[jordan] Anna Brown, Amman Pharma receives FDA warning over repeated violations, Endpoints, 28 Feburary 2024.

[Jordan] Dana al Zyadat, Medical supply interruptions in Jordan, Jordan News, 15 April 2023.

[Jordan] Anna Brown, Amman Pharma receives FDA warning over repeated violations, Endpoints, 28 February 2024.

[Jordan] ABdul Rahman Bazian, Shortage of imported medicines continues, Jordan News, 10 November 2022.

[Kazakhstan] Anon., Health officials explain how the country’s drug shortage is being addressed, Kazakh TV, 7 August 2020.

[Kazakhstan] Natasha Kumar, Power Kazakhstan complained about the lack of medicines during a pandemic, Times Hub, 5 July 2020. See also here

[Korea, see North Korea and South Korea]

[Kuwait] Anon. Health minister issues decision to axe board of directors, shortages blamed on low prices, Arab Times, 11 December 2022.

[Kyrgystan] Anon., MP raises alarm over possible shortage of medicines in K due to Urkaine crisis, AKI Press, 10 March 2022.

[Lebanon] Andrea Lopez Tomas, Drug shortages, soaring prices, are killing Lebanon’s people, The Media Line, 5 January 2023.

[Lebanon] Anera, Donated cancer medicines help save lives in Lebanon, Direct Relief, 5 June 2022.

[Lebanon] Clement Gibon, Deterioration of health system endangers cancer patients’ lives, Al Monitor, 16 March 2022.

[Lebanon] Anon. Better to die once than throughout your life, LibanNews, 17 December 2021.

[Lebanon] Federica Marsi, Cancer patients living in fear after drug subsidies lifted, Al Jazeera, 17 December 2021. See also here

[Lebanon] Anon., More international assistance needed urgently, India Blooms, 18 September 2021. See also here, here, here, here, here

[Lebanon] Bassam Zaazaa, Medicines shortage forces Lebanese to buy basic drugs from Turkey, Arab News, 31 August 2021.

[Lebanon] Tsoler Aghjian Addressing the drug shortage in Lebanon, Armenian Weekly, 26 August 2021. See also here, here

[Lebanon] Anon. Caretaker Health Minister raids medical drug depot hoarding 23,000 items, Al Manar, 23 August 2021.

[Lebanon] Najia Houssari, Medicine shortage in Lebanon puts patients on brink of death, Arab News, 5 July 2021. See also herehere, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here

[Lebanon] Anon., Lebanon pharmacies forcibly close Friday amid shortage, Nahamet, 8 June 2021. See also here, here

[Lebanon] Fatima Al Mahmoud et al, Drug shortages in Lebanon threaten operations, The National, 26 May 2021. See also here, here

[Lebanon] Sebastian Shehadi, How crisis in Lebanon is fueling drug dependency, New Stateman, 29 March 2021.

[Lebanon] Mohammed Ali, Lebanese hospitals say have no oxygen, shortage for now. Urdu Point, 25 March 2021.

[Lebanon] Anon., Lebanon pharmaceutical sector in crisis, Roya News, 8 February 2021. See also here

[Lebanon] Iman Hannah, Lebanese health sector is deterioriting in light of outbreak of Coronavirus, patients complain of lack of medicine and neglect, Egypt Today, 13 January 2021.

[Lebanon] Iman Hanna, Lebanon: land of heartbreak, Egypt Today, 29 December 2020.

[Lebanon] Najia Houssari, health crisis looming with drug stocks under threat, Arab News, 5 December 2020.

[Lebanon] Anon., Araji says pivotal meeting with World Bank on drug subsidies on Friday, Naharnet, 2 December 2020.

[Lebanon] Nadim el Jamal et al. Solutions for the vanishing drug conundrum in Lebanon, Arab, 17 November 2020.

[Lebanon] Sarah el Deeb, Frantic search after medicines vanish from Lebanon shelves, Martinsville Bulletin, 11 November 2020. See also here.

[Lebanon] Anon., Patients pay price of bad governance in medicine shortages, Financial Times, 5 November 2020.

[Lebanon] Anon., The crisis is widening…medicines intended for heart patients are missing from pharmacies, Al Khaleej, 25 October 2020.

[Lebanon] Anon., Health Minister strikes pharmaceutical mafia, closes drug warehouse and pharmacies with red wax, Al Manar, 15 October 2020.

[Lebanon] Gadha Alsharif, Flying off the shelf: Lebanese panic buying medicine as shortage looms, ZAWYA Mena, 6 October 2020.

[Lebanon] Inas Sherri, Lebanon faces medicine shortages. Stocks won’t last more than a month, Asharq Al-Awsat, 20 September 2020.

[Lebanon] Aya Majzoub, Lebanon in the dark, Human Rights Watch, 9 July 2020.

[Lebanon] Anon., COVID-19 worsens medical supply problem, Human Rights Watch, 24 March 2020.

[Lebanon] Mohammed Jamjoom, Risk of medicine shortage amid economic crisis, Al Jazeera, 12 January 2020.

[Lebanon] Anon., Hospital crisis endangering health, Human Rights Watch, 10 December 2019.

[Lebanon] Anon. Panic buying leads to shortage of H1N1 medication in Beirut, The Daily Star, 20 February 2016.

[Malaysia] Tracy Bul, Pharmacists brace for drug shortage amid fear of COVID wave, Free Malaysia Today, 3 January 2023.

[Malaysia] Anon., Shortage of paracetamol reported in retail stores, The Sun Daily, 17 July 2022. See also here, here, here, here here, here, here

[Malaysia] R. Sekalan, Medication shortage in private hospitals, The Star, 4 June 2022. See also here. here, here, here, here, here here here here, here, here

[Malaysia] Nurual Suhaidi, Malaysia facing shortage of medication supplies, The Malaysian Reserve, 12 April 2022.

[Malaysia] Anon., Paracetamol shortage in several states, The Star, 19 February 2022. See also here, here, here, here

[Malaysia] Hariz Mohd et al.,  Nationwide shortage of crucial drugs in hospitals as COVID-19 surges, Malaysia Kini, 27 August 2021.

[Malaysia] Tharanya Arumugam, Medical players call for drug production plan, NST, 14 March 2020.

[Malaysia] Anon., Health Ministry speeds up permit application process for flu medicine, Malaysia Kini, 6 January 2020.

[Malaysia] Sulok Tawie, DAP rep urges Health Ministry to quickly resolve shortage of anti-hypertensive medicine in hospitals, Malay Mail, 28 December 2018.

[Malaysia] Loo Foon Fong, Medical supplies agent denies graft in bidding, The Star, 21 August 2018.

[Malaysia] Brenda Lau, MOH: Problems faced by drug manufacturers part of the reason behind drug shortage at government hospitals. MIMS, 24 August 2017.

[Malaysia] Anon., Health Ministry blames pharmaceutical firms for drug shortage, The Malaysian Insight, 19 August 2017. See also here.

[Malaysia] Zulkifli Sulong, Battling drug shortage topmost on health minister’s mind, Malaysian Insight, 9 June 2018.

[Malaysia] Jason Santos et al., Drug shortage ails patients in gov’t hospitals, Malayasian Insight, 14 August 2017.

[Malaysia] Karen Arukesamy, RM380m cut from health ministry budget restored, Sun Daily, 16 November 2016. See also here.

[Mauritius] Anon., Manque de médicaments: les generiques comme substitus, Defi media, 4  August 2022.

[Mauritius] Jean-Marie St Cyr, Hausse de la vente de medicaments et de self-teating kits, Defimedia, 2 August 2022.

[Myanmar] Anon., Every pharmacy is almost out of medicine in Rakhine due to the military council’s blockade, Myanmar Peace Monitor, 21 October 2022.

[Myanmar ] Anon., Patients with chronic illnesses worry for livres due to high prices, Burma News International, 5 September 2021.

[Myanmar] Anon., Junta policies spark medicine shortage, Frontiers, 26 August 2022.

[Myanmar] Anon., Prices of o foreign medicines increase. The Star, 18 July 2022. See also here, here

[Myanmar] Anon., COVID-19 cases rise, drug shortages, price hikes force Karen state pharmacies to close, Karen News, 28 July 2021.

[Nepal] Anon., Scarcity of anti-TB drug, My Republica, NYT Partner, 5 June 2022.

[Nepal] Anon., Distribution of first-ever Nepal manufactured anti-cancer drug starts, Khabarhub, 16 February 2022. See also here and here 

[Nepal] Anon., Humla health facility reeling under shortage of medicines, My Republica, 2 January 2022.

[Nepal] Rastriyi Samachar Samiti, Sudurpaschim’s hilly districts face drugs shortage, Himalaya Times, 28 October 2021.

[Nepal] Prithvi Man Shrestha,  As black fungus cases rise, country faces shortage of drugs for treatment, Kathmandu Post, 28 June 2021.

[Nepal] Anon. Shortages of a lifesaving medication [misoprostol] threatened mothers in Nepal, Relief Web, 18 February 2021.

[Nepal] Ishfaq-ul-Hassan, Sufficient remdesivir to arrive in 48 hours, Kashmir Mirror, 20 July 2020.

[Nepal] Arpana Ale Magar, Medicine sales down amid COVID-19 pandemic, The HImalayan, 8 June 2020.

[Nepal] Hirra Azmat, supply chain restored, life-saving drugs arrive in bulk, the Kashmir Monitor, 11 April 2020.

[Nepal] Anon., There won’t be any shortage of medicines [Nepal 75% self-reliant; 62 factories; 42 more coming], Himalayan Times, 7 March 2020.

[Nepal] Arpana Ale Magar, Life-saving drug shortage looms, The Himalayan, 25 February 2020. See also here.

[Nepal] Anon., Likhu Tamakoshi RM faces drug crunch, Himalayan Times, 6 February 2020.

[Nepal] Anon., Shortage of medicine hits Jajarkot hospital, Khabarhub, 27 July 2019. See also here and here.

[Nepal] Arjun Poudel, Shortage of antiretroviral drugs affects HIV patients, Kathmandu Post, 14 June 2019.

[Nepal] Tekendra Deuba, Gov’t run pharmacy reeling under shortage of medicines, The Himalayan, 5 March 2019.

[Nepal] Rastriya Samachar Samiti, Shortage of tetanus vaccine hits nation, Kathmandu Post, 12 November 2018.

[Nepal] Anon., Drug crunch hits patients in Ramechhap, Himalayan Times, 16 October 2018.

[Nepal] Anon., Drug shortage hits Karnali districts, Kathmandu Post, 2 August 2018.

[Nepal] Anon., Drug shortage hits health facilities hard, Himalayan Times 19 April 2018.

[Nepal] Anon. Where’s the drug? My Republica, 28 February 2018.

[Nepal] Anon., Drug shortage in Gaur hospital, Himalyan Times, 24 February 2018.

[Nepal] Rastriya Smachar Simiti, Health dacilities facing shortage of vital drugs for pregnant women[magnesium sulphate], Kathmandu, Himalyan Times, 10 February 2018. See also here.

[Nepal] Anon. Medicine shortage in Myagdi health posts, Kathmandu Post, 6 February 2018.

[Nepal] Ram Sharraf, Narayani Hospital witnesses shortage of rabiew vaccine, authorities silent, The Himalayan, 29 April 2018.

[Nepal] Krishna Prassad Gautam, Banke: Procurement delay causes chronic shortage of medicines, Kathmandu Post, 25 December 2017.

[Nepal] Anon., Drug shortage hits Jajarkot patients hard, Himalayan Times, 5 November 2017.

[Nepal] Anon., Medicine shortage in viral fever-affected Corkha village, Kathmandu Post, 2 November 2017.

[Nepal] Diliram Khatiwada, Drug shortage in Udayapur as local bodes fail to release funds, Kathmandu Post, 1 November 2017.

[Nepal] Anon. Dengue downs over 300 sparks drug shortage [of diagnostic kits] in Mahottari district, Kathmandu Post, 27 October 2017.

[Nepal] Anon., Drug shortage hits health facilities, The Himalayan Times, 23 October 2017.

[Nepal] Bira Gadal, Medicine shortage hits Baitadi health institutions, My Republica, 8 October 2017.

[Nepal] Bhim Bahadur Singh, Shortage of medicines, health staff in Jajarkot, Kathmandu Post, 19  July 2017.

[Nepal] Jyoti Katuwal, Medicine shortage in 67 health posts, Kathmandu Post, 24 August 2017.

[Nepal] Anon. Drug shortage in Solukumbu, Kathmandu Post,  3 February 2017.

[Nepal] Anon. Government struggling to ease drugs shortage, Kathmandu Post, 2 February 2017.

[Nepal] Anon. Bajura health facilities under acute drugs shortage, The Himalyan Times, 12 December 2016.

[Nepal] Anon., Essential drug shortage in Siraha, Kathmandu Post, 1 September 2016.

[Nepal] Prakash Singh, national campaign to end drug shortage, Himalayan Times, 9 June 2016.

[Nepal] Anon., Bajura reeling under medicine shortage, The Himalyan, 1 June 2016.

[Nepal] Anon. Drug crunch hits far-west hills district, Himalayan Times, 25 December 2015.

[Nepal] Anon. Growing drug shortage worries donors, Himalayan Times, 9 December 2015.

[Nepal] Anon., Drug shortage hists Rautahat Hospital, The Himalyan Times, 10 November 2015.

[Nepal] Anon., Drug shortage hits hospitals, The Himalayan Times, 6 November 2015.

[Nepal] Anon., Ramechap reeling under shortage of drugs, The Himalayan Times, 5 November 2015.

[Nepal] Anon., Shortage of drugs hits patients in several districts, Kathmandu Post, 1 November 2015.

[Nepal] Correspondent, Fuel, medicine shortage paralyses Valley hospitals, The Himalayan Times, 9 October 2015.

[Nepal] Rastriya Samachar Samiti, Saptari hospitals face drug shortage due to Bandh, The Himalayan Times, 3 October 2015.

[Nepal] Rastriya Samachar Samiti, Janakpur districts reel under acute drug shortage due to bandh, The Himalayan Times, 23 September 2015.

[Nepal] Dambar Singh Rai, Khotang folks face drug shortage,, 29 March 2014.

[North Korea] Hyemin Son, Medical universities ordered to make drugs to cover shortage, Radio Free Asia,7  September 2022.

[North Korea] Seulkee Jang, Amid worsening medicine shortages, N Korea cracks down on private drug sellers, Daily NK, 7 July 2022.

[North Korea] Reuters, North Korea battles drug shortages amid COVI-19 outbreak, Globe and Mail, 17 May 2022. See also here, here, here

[North Korea] Yosuke Onchi, Foreign diplomats flee N Korea amid food and drug shortages, Nikkei, 3 April 2021.

[North Korea] Dagyum Ji, North Korea could face major tuberculosis drug shortage, NK News, 17 October 2019.

[North Korea] Thomas Maresca, Shortage of tuberculosis drugs looms in North Korea, UPI, 30 May 2019.

[North Korea] Eric Talmadge et al., Experts fear a tuberculosis epidemic in North Korea amid a crucial medication shortage, Time, 16 November 2018.

[Oman] Anon., Call for more local production of medicines to tide over shortages in Oman, Times of Oman, 15 April 2023.

[Pakistan] Faiza Ilyas, Shortage of tetanus injections in Karachi…, Dawn, 27 May 2024.

[Pakistan] Anon. Medicine shortage causing misery. Dawn, 6 May 2024.

[Pakistan] Fahid Shabbir, Drug shortage prompt research for alternate cure of overlooked leishmaniasis, Urdu Point, 18 March 2024. See also here

[Pakistan] Ebenezer Mensah, Peshawar’s battle against diphtheria, BNN 26 February 2024.

[Pakistan] UA Awan et al Economic crises and cancer care in Pakistan, Lancet 17 February 2024.

[Pakistan] Anon., Dir residents complain about shortage of medicines [epilepsy, blood pressure], Dawn, 14 February 2024.

[Pakistan] Asif Chaudhry, Consistent shortage opens floodgates of smuggled medicines, Dawn, 27 January 2024.

[Pakistan] Anon., Critical medicines shortage grips K-P, Tribune, 27 January 2024.

[Pakistan] Muhammad Hammad Zaman, Privlege and public health, Tribune, 23 January 2024.

[Pakistan] Anon. Pakistan ins on the verge of a catastrophic insulin shortage, Trade Chronicle, 21 January 2023.

[Pakistan] Anon., Karachi witnessed severe shortage of life-saving drugs like insulin, Mint, 10 December 2023. See also here here here

[Pakistan] Anon. Medicine prices increase — worst drug shortage, AAJ, 9 September 2023. See also here

[Pakistan[ M. Waqar Bhatti. Unavailability of medicines: action ordered against black marketeers of essential drugs, Dawn, 4 September 2023. See also here, here

[Pakistan] Asif Chaudhry, Lahore faces shortage of essential drugs due to hoarding profiteering, Dawn, 28 August 2023. See also here, here

[Pakistan] Anon., Minister inaugurates mobile app to report shortages of essential drugs, Daily Times, 26 August 2023.

[Pakistan] Anon. Medicine shortage [Tegral 200 fr epilepsy] The INternational NEws, 21 August 2023.

[Pakistan] Anon., Medicine shortage, Dawn, 16 March 2023.

[Pakistan] M. Wakar Bhatti, Punjab home department highlights shortage of dozens of medicines, The International NEws, 5 March 2023. See also here

[Pakistan] Anon., Pakistan staring at worst medicine crisis; essential drugs, supplies stuck at ports. Times of INdia, 26 February 2023. See also here, here, here, here, here, here

[Pakistan] Anon. Pharma Industry shortage, The Nation, 23 January 2023. See also  here

[Pakistan] Hassan Hafeez, Pharmaceutical firms threaten protests, ARY News, 2 January 2023. [91% drugs imported]. See also here

[Pakistan] Anon., Sindh govt criticized for inaction on shortage of medicines, Pakistan Observer, 5 December 2022. See also here, here, here

[Pakistan] Anon., Fact-check. Is there a shortage of Panadol in Pakistan? Geo.TV, 23 October 2022. See also here, Black marketers

[Pakistan] Tufail Ahmed, Non-prescription drug shortage continues in Karachi, Express Tribune, 19 October 2022.

[Pakistan] Bilal Hussain, Drug companies warn of increasing medicine prices, Business Recorder, 29 September 2022. See also here

[Pakistan] Anon., Induced shortages [hoarding by pharma] [Panadol], The Nation, 24 September 2022.  See also here

Editorial, Sort-sighted move, Dawn, 15 September 2022.

[Pakistan] Anon., Shortage of medicine, hike in price witnessed as demand increased du to floods, Correspondent, 4 September 2022. See also here, here, here, here, here, here

[Pakistan] Asif Chaudhry, Acute shortage of Panadol perpetuates patients’ pain, Dawn, 30 August 2022. See also here, here, here Denied: here, here, here, here here

[Pakistan] Anon., Medicine Shortage, The Nation, 15 August 2022. See also here, here, here

[Pakistan] Mukhtar Ali Turi, Epilepsy drugs shortage, The Nation, 3o July 2022.

[Pakistan] Anon., Acute shortage of anesthetics in Lahore, hundreds of surgeries postponed, The Print 25 July. See also here, here, here

[Pakistan] M. Waquar Bhatti, PM Shehbaz Sherif asks for DRAP report on shortage of 60 essential drugs, The International News, 22 July 2022. See here, here, here, here, here, here, here

[Pakistan] Anon., Shortage of medicines, suicide prevention drugs, The Print, 21 July 2022.

[Pakistan] Tufail Ahmed, High import duties start to reflect in drug shortages, Tribune, 2 July 2022. See also here, here, here, here, Here, here, here,  here, here, here

[Pakistan] Anon, Medicines shortage issue to be resolved, Tribune, 25 May 2022.

[Pakistan] Majeed Gill, BVH short of drugs due to supply disruption, Dawn, 27 March 2022. See also here

[Pakistan] Anon., Patients deprived of full medical cover in Karachi, Tribune, 21 March 2022.

[Pakistan] Haroon Hader, Medicine shortgae imminent as hundreds of factories threaten to shut down, ProPakistani, 18 March 2022. See also here, here, here

[Pakistan] Anon., Pharmas fears added sales tax to hit production, The News, 28 Jan 2022. See also here

[Pakistan] HAmid ur Rehman, When you can expect paracetamol shortage to end, Samaa, 21 January 2022. See also here, here, here, herehere, here, here,

[Pakistan] Jahangir Khan, DRAP intervenes amid paracetamol shortage owing to rising dengue cases, ARY news, 13 November 2021.

[Pakistan] Kaleem Naqvi, Alternatives to scarce COVID drug recommended, Technology Times, 6 September 2021

[Pakistan] Asif Chaudhry, Shortage of vital COVID drug looms in Punjab [tocilizumab], Dawn, 1 September 2021.

[Pakistan] Zainab Asif, Global shortage of drug [tocilizumab] to treat rheumatoid arthritis, Technology Times, 28 August 2020.

[Pakistan] Durr-E-Shahwar Siddiqui, Humanity Havoc: Who, two billion people are deprived of access to basic medicines globally, Tribune, 16 August 2021.

[Pakistan] Anon., 47 bodies of addicts found in June, The International News, 13 July 2021.

[Pakistan] Anon., As if we had a shortage of scams, Maryam lays blame on govt over oil crisis report, Dawn, 16 December 2020. See also here

[Pakistan] Asaf Chaudhri, Vital medicine [nitorglycerine] for heart patients short in Punjab markets, Pakistan, Dawn, 11 December 2020. Story refuted

[Pakistan] Dr Izhar Hussain et al., Why a drug price hike was necessary, Dawn, 6 December 2020.

[Pakistan] Abdul Rasheed Asad, Country facing shortage of pneumonia, influenza vaccines, Business Recorder, 3 December 2020. See also here

[Pakistan] FIA, Artificial shortage of Panadol tables in Market, INPAK, 22 November 2020.

[Pakistan] Sardar Sikander Saheen, Minister explains why prices of [94] medicines increased, Business Recorder, 24 October 2020. See also here here and here

[Pakistan] Anon., DRAP increases medicine prices [of 253 drugs] second time in a month, Research Snipers, 19 October 2020. See also here

[Pakistan] Anon., Pakistan facing shortage of hepatitis, influenz, other vaccines, Pakistan Observer, 10 October 2020. See also here

[Pakistan] Ikram Junaidi, Drug prices hike compelling many to quit treatment, Dawn, 2 October 2020.

[Pakistan] Salman Siddiqui, Pharma sector faces import hurdles, Tribune, 27 September 2020.

[Pakistan] Anon., LHC moves against hike in drug prices, Pakistan Today, 26 September 2020.

[Pakistan] Rizwan Shehzad, Govt allows increase in medicine prices, Express Tribune, 23 September 2020.

[Pakistan] Anon., 27 bodies of addicts found, Lahore, The International News, 19 September 2020.

[Pakistan] Amer Malik, Anti-rabies vaccine not available in the market, International News, 23 August 2020.

[Pakistan] Fahad Shabbir, Supreme Court to hear coronavirus suo moto case on Tuesday, Urdu Point, 19 July 2020.

[Pakistan] Anon. No shortage of meds in Punjab [measures include an EML], Tribune, 19 July 2020.

[Pakistan] Naleem Naqvi, CEO Ferozsons highlights things making COVID-19 treatment-remdesivir in Pakistan, Technology Times, 10 July 2020.

[Pakistan] Yousaf Abbasi, Punjab struggles with medicines shortage amid pandemic, Tribune, 24 June 2020.

[Pakistan] Rahul Basharat, PPMA urges DRAP to allow import of raw materials from India, Nation, 24 June 2020.

[Pakistan] Faizan Hashimi, DC warns of strict action against hoarders of COVID-19 drugs, Urdu Point, 23 June 2020.

[Pakistan] Aizbah Khan, Health ministry takes notice of non-availability of Dexamethasone, BOL News, 18 June 2020. See also here, here, here, herehere, here, here, here here,

[Pakistan] Anon., District admin directs pharmacies for uninterrupted supply of medicines, Nation, 18 June 2020.

[Pakistan] Ikram Junaidi, Govt takes notice of shortage of life saving drugs, Pakistan, Dawn, 14 June 2020. See also here

[Pakistan] Anon. Pharmacist body fears another drug price hike, The International News, 10 June 2020.

[Pakistan] Anon., PPMA fears shortage of medicines in the country, ARY News, 5 June 2020.

[Pakistan] Hamidi Ali Merchant et al., Why Pakistan cannot produce essential medicines [most API imported], Dawn, 30 May 2020.

[Pakistan] Anon., Pakistan lifts ban on import of Indian drugs fearing severe shortage, Opindia, 13 May 2020. [trade had been suspended over over Jammu and Kashmir dispute]

[Pakistan] Tahir Amin et al., Pharma industry fully operational but confronting serve raw material shortage, Business Recorder, 25 April 2020.

[Pakistan] Anon. Anti-malarial drug vanishes frommedical stores, The News, 22 March 2020.

[Pakistan] Anon., Nishtar hospital faces shortage of life-saving drugs, The News, 13 February 2020.

[Pakistan] Waqar Bhatti, City facing shortage of personal protective equipment, The News, 7 February 2020.

[Pakistan] Anon. Doctors without tools, the International News, Karachi, 21 January 2020.

[Pakistan] Anon., PPP flays govt for POL price hike, cancer drug shortage, Dawn, 2 January 2020.

[Pakistan] Editorial, Shortage of medicines, Express Tribune, 15 January 2020.

[Pakistan] Anon., Various drugs unavailable at markets: survey, Business Recorder, 12 December 2019.

[Pakistan] Anon. Pak grapples with shortage of anti-rabies vaccine as India, China halt supply, Outlook, 15 October 2019.

[Pakistan]  Anon., Pakistan’s medicine policy to help overcome shortage, regulate price, Samaa Digital,14 October 2019

[Pakistan] Muhammed Atif et al. Medicines shortages in Pakistan: a qualitative study to explore current situation, reasons and possible solutions to overcome the barriers, BMJ Open, 4 September 2019, doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-027028

[Pakistan] Zubair Qureshi, Pakistan lifts ban on import of live-saving drugs from India, Gulf News, 3 September 2019. See also here.

[Pakistan] Abdul Rasheed Asad, Drug prices incrase due to rupee depreciation: survey, Business Recorder, 20 August 2019.

[Pakistan] Anon., Pak body asks Imtran to allow distribution of Indian goods which have reached ports, warns of drug shortage, DNA INdia, 18 August 2019.

[Pakistan] Mansoor Ahmad, Inept price regulations lead to acute shortage of essential drugs, The News, 4 August 2019.

[Pakistan] Anwar Sheikh Sindh CS orders early registration of locally produced ASV vaccine, The News, 3 August 2019.

[Pakistan] Anon., Medical stores announce increase in drug prices, Nation, 21 June 2019.

[Pakistan] Muhammad Saleem, Pharma industry seeks crackdown on counterfeit drugs mafia Business Recorder, 4 May 2019.

[Pakistan] Anon., NAB to expose exponential hike in drug prices, The International News, 23 April 2019. See also here.

[Pakistan] Anon., Drug prices to raise or not to raise, Business Recorder, 11 April 2019. See also here.

[Pakistan] Anon., Unavailability of medicines irks patients, The News International, 17 March 2019. See also here.

[Pakistan] Kahsif Zafar, Bahawal Victoria Hospital facing medicine shortage, Express Tribune, 10 March 2019.

[Pakistan] Muhammed Saleem, Pharma industry hails DRAP’s model pharmacies decision, Business Recorder, 9 March 2019.

[Pakistan] M. Waqar Bhatti, No shortage of medicines likely as Indian firms willing to sell raw material to Pakistan [despite war-mongering], The International News, 5 March 2019.

[Pakistan] Editorial, Model pharmacies, The International News, 1 March 2019.

[Pakistan] Jamil Mizra, After PM’s visit health minister claims noticeable change in hospitals, Express Tribune, 1 February 2019.

[Pakistan[ Anon., High court suspends hike in drug prices, Dawn, 1 February 2019.

[Pakistan] Rija Fatima, Despite price hike, shortage of essential drugs persists, Tribune, 17 January 2019.

[Pakistan] Shahab Omer, Citizens suffer amid ‘artificial’ drugs shortage, Pakistan Today, 15 January 2019.

[Pakistan] Anon., BHU’s [Basic Health Units] facing medicine shortage, The News, 31 December 2018. See also here.

[Pakistan] Zaheer Hussain, Demo against drugs shortage, The Nation, 24 December 2018.

[Pakistan] Anon., Drug shortage to end soon, The Nation, 19 December 2018.

[Pakistan] Anon. PHC judge orders health facilities in prisons, Dawn, 3 November 2018.

[Pakistan] Anon, Medicine shortage: Federal health minister raids Polyclinic, Tribune, 20 October 2018.

[Pakistan] Anon., Hepatitis C patients across Sindh suffer due to shortage of drugs, Dental News Pakistan, 3 October 2018

[Pakistan] Imran Chaudhary, Shortage of cough and influenza medicines making people’s lives miserable, Daily Times, 6 October 2018

[Pakistan] Anon., Shortage of medicines and hospitals irks patients, The Nation, 27 June 2018. See also here.

[Pakistan] Anon., Baby dies due to medicine shortage in Multan, Samaa TV, 28 April 2018.

[Pakistan] Rahul Basharat, DRAP paid 280m as rent for building in three years [ignores drug shortage which Senator Ashok Kumar charges is “always artificial created by a mafia in connivance with the DRAP”], Nation, 10 February 2018.

[Pakistan] Anon., DRAP’s digital listing of registered drugs, Nation, 4 January 2018.

[Pakistan-Lahore] Zaheer Mahmood Siddiqui, Essential medicines in short supply for months, Dawn, 13 November 2017.

[Pakistan] Editorial. Medicine shortage [2 conflicting views], Dawn, 8 November 2017.

[Pakistan] Iftikhar A. Khan, No shortage of drugs in the country, minister tells Senate, Dawn, 7 November 2017.

[Pakistan] Anon. Sit-in against shortage of medicines, The Nation, 16 October, 2017.

[Pakistan] Editorial, Drug shortage [hydrocortisone], Dawn, 22 August 2017.

[Pakistan] Anon., Markets face shortage of hepatitis C, renal failure drugs, Dawn, 20 July 2017.

[Pakistan] Imran Chaudry, Morphine shortage hits hospitals, Daily Times, 22 January 2017. See also here.

[Pakistan] Elizabeth Marlin, Medicine mania, Enterstageright, 31 October 2016.

[Pakistan] Tooba Jivani, Shortage of maternal drugs, Pakistan Today, 15 September 2015.

[Pakistan] Anon. Concern over drug shortage [oxytocin and methylergometrine], The International News, 11 September 2016.

[Pakistan] Ashfaq Yusufzai, Delay in handing over health units to DHO causes drug shortage, Dawn, 24 June 2016.

[Pakistan] Mohammed Bilal Tahir, Acute shortage of TB drugs prolongs, Business Recorder, 13 June 2016.

[Pakistan] Anon. Granting subsidies to manufacturers can ease drugs shortage, Daily Times, 5 August 2016.

[Pakistan] Anon. Drug regulation [price hikes lead to shortages], The News, 20 February 2016.

[Pakistan] Anon. Leprosy Hospital Manghopir faces drug shortages, Business Recorder, 22 December 2015.

[Pakistan] Faiza Ilyas, Shortage of folic aside drugs endangers health of newborns,, 11 June 2015.

[Pakistan] Dr. Mukhtar Ali, Wilful Shortage,, 24 May 2015.

[Pakistan] Correspondent, Pharma industry fears drugs shortage could worsen, The Express Tribune, 23 January 2015.

[Pakistan] Shahram Haq, Industry woes: drug shortage feared as consignments stuck at ports, The Express Tribune, 1 October 2014.

[Pakistan] Sehrif Wahif, Unforeseen casualty: shortage of life-saving drugs feared in the coming weeks, The Express Tribune, 18 June 2014.

[Pakistan] Staff reporter, Acute shortage of medicines jeopardises lives, The Nation, 27 March 2014.

[Pakistan] GaBI, Pricing dispute causing drug shortages in Pakistan, GaBI online, Generics and Biosimilars Initiative, 17 January 2014.

[Pakistan] Saad Hasan, Dispute drags on: deadlock over prices leads to shortage of drugs, The Express Tribune, 15 October 2013.

[Pakistan] Sehrish Wasif, Thalassemic children left at the mercy of fate, The Express Tribune, 6 March 2013. [deferasirox is an oral patented iron chelating agent made only by Novartis]

[Palestinian territories — Gaza] Anon., 1,100 Gazan kidney patients facing drug shortage, Xinhua, 21 September 2023. See also here

[Palestinian territories — Gaza] Leon Sverdlov, Gaza to run out of coronavirus equipment in weeks, Jerusalem Post, 19 September 2020.

[Palestinian territories — Gaza] Anon., Gaza hospitals to shut down due to power shortage, PNN, 20 January 2019.

[Palestinian territories — Gaza] Anon., Medicine shortages risks lives of thousands of patients in Gaza, Xinhua Net, 24 September 2018. See also here, and here.

[Palestinian territories — Gaza] Anon. 80% shortage of cancer drugs in Gaza puts patients’ ives at stake, Palestine News Agency, 12 August 2018. See also here, here

[Palestinian territories–Gaza] Anon. No drug for relieving pain of Gaza people, Tasnim News Agency, 24 July 2017.

[Palestinian territories–Gaza] Anon., UN: increasing shortage of medicines, fuel for essential services in Gaza, Middle East Monitor, 28 June 2017.

[Palestinian territories–Gaza] Anon. Drug shortage could cause healthcare crisis in Gaza, Daily Sabah, 23 May 2017

[Palestinian territories] DB/HJL/HMV Cancer patients in besieged Gaza suffer drug shortage, Press TV, 12 September 2014.

[Palestinian territories] Anonymous, Hamas: Egypt closing Gaza border criminel, News24, 18 March 2014.

[Palestinian territories] Nassouh Nazzal, Drug shortage hits Palestinian Health Ministry, Gulf News, 23 February 2014.

[Philippnes] Zeus Legaspi, TB meds shortage in DOTS centers due to logistics woes, Inquirer News, 14 March 2024.

[Philippines] Nel Maribojoc, QC lawmaker calls for arrest of horrders, price manipulators of fluy medicine, UNTV News, 6 January 2022. See also here, here, here, here,

[Philippines] Christa Marie Ramos, Some areas having temporary shortage of paracetomol brands, Inquirer News, 3 January 2022. See also here, here, here Denied.

[Philippines] Anon., FDA warns [against] ivermectin use amid Tocilizumab shortage, ABS-CBN News, 4 September 2021. See also here

[Philippines] Jerra Mae Librera et al., Covid drugs scare, expensive, Yahoo News, 30 August 2021. See also here

[Philippines] Christine Sabillo, FDA OK’s Sinovac COVID-19 jabs for senior citizens amid vaccine shortage, ABS-CBN, 7 April 2021

[Philippines] Willie Casas, Global shortage to blame for late vaccine arrival, Manila Standard, 3 March 2021. See also here

[Philippines] Willie Casas et al., PH clinical trials of Avigan vs virus on, Manila Standard, 20 August 2020. [about vitamin shortage]. See also here

[Philippines] Daphne Galvez, DOH: no shortage of HIV drugs in PH stocks enough until next year, Inqirer.Net, 7 July 2020.

[Philippines] Shaira Panela, How can the Philippines secure enoigh drugs or vaccines against coronavirus, Rappler, 27 April 2020.

[Philippines] Alyssa Rola, PH preparing for possible drug shortage as global markets hit by COVID-19 outbreak, CNN, 11 March 2020.

[Philippines] Jhesset O. Enano, Drugs for HIV patients running out of supply, Inquirer News, 2 September 2019.

[Philippines] Anon., No shortage of HIV drugs, says DOH, Philstar Global, 11 January 2019.

[Qater] AFP, HMC gets medicine supply from western firms [shortage owing to blockade], The Peninsula, 1 February 2018.

[Qatar] Sidi Mohamed, Supply woes lead to drug shortage in Qatar, The Peninsula Qatar, 13 May 2017.

[Russia] Anon., Russia plans to speed the replaecment of imported drugs by domestic generics, Pharma Letter, 15 March 2024.

[Russia] Anon, Russia experiencing a shortage of unique drug (prasugrel) against repeated heart attacks, Pharma Letter, 1 March 2024.

[Russia] Anon., Russia faces shortage of anticancer drug Ixempra, Phama Letter, 27 January 2024.

[Russia] Anon., Russia to face shortages of some important antibiotics next year, Pharma Letter, 29 December 2023

[RUssia] Jennifer Pahlke, Russia faces shortage of HIV/AIDS drugs, DW, 10 December 2023.

[Russia] Isabel van Brugen, Russia’s medicine shortage worsens as sanctions take toll, Newsweek, 19 September 2023

[Russia] Anon., Questions over the  supply situation for Cuprenil in Russia, The Pharma Letter, 14 March 2023.

[Russia] Anon. Russia’s Putin says stockpile needed to curb drug shortages, Reuters, 24 Janaury 2023. See also here, here, here, here

[Russia] Anon., Drug shortage in Russia continues to stimulate uncontrolled rise of prices, Pharma Letter, 15 December 2022.

[Russia]  Ukrainska PRavda, Russia faces medicine shortage and planned operations are being postponed, Yahoo, 13 November 2022. See also here, here

[Russia] Anon., Russia acts to prevent anti-HIV drugs shortage, Pharma Letter, 24 October 2022.

[Russia] Anon. Russia suffering shortage of vital leukemia therapy for children, The Pharma Letter, 14 October 2022.

[Russia] Anon., Russia faced with shortage of anti-cancer drugs, The Pharma Letter, 18 July 2022.

[Russia] Anon., Russia now faced with shortage of anti-HIV drug, Pharma Letter, 18 May 2022.

[Russia] Anon., Russian drugmakers facing shortage of excipients, The Pharma Letter, 12 May 2022.

[Russia] Anon., Russia experiences drug shortages despite ongoing supplies from abroad. The Pharma Letter, 4 May 2022.

[Russia] Nikhel Pandey, Russia seeks India drug imports as pharmacies run short of medicines amid Ukrain war, WION, 19 April 2022. See also here

[Russia] Anon., Russia taking more measures to avoid drugs’ shortages in domestic market, Pharma Letter, 30 March 2022. See also here, here, here, here, here, here here, here

[Russia] Anon., Russian doctors reported a shortage of more than 80 types of medicines, Oreanda News, 22 March 2022.

[Russia] Anon., Global drugmakers refusing to conduct clinical trials in Russia, The Pharma Letter, 19 March 2022.

[Russia] Jamie Smyth et al., Western drugmakers walk ethical tightrope over Russian ties, Financial Times, 18 March 2022.

[Russia] Anon., La Russie craint de manquer bientôt des médicaments, Defimedia, 9 March 2022.

[Russia] Francesco Guarascio et al, Drugmakers, device companies say santions may hinder medical supplies to Russ, Reuters, 3 March 2022.

[Russia] Anon. Sales of antiviral drugs setting new records in Russia, The Pharma Letter, 17 February 2022.

[Russia] Anon., Russia facing shortage of drugs against epilepsy. The Pharma Letter, 17 February 2022.

[Russia] Anon., New large scale pharma plant to reduce drug dependence of Russian capital Moscow, Pharma Letter, 26 January 2022.

[Russia] Anon. Russia facing shortage of drugs against rheumatoid arthritis, Pharma Letter, 15 December 2021.

[Russia] Anon, Russia set for new wave of drug shortages, Pharma Letter, 30 November 2021.

[Russia] Anon., Teva and Servier spring to the aid of RUssia with cancer drugs [vincristine etc], Pharma Letter, 23 March 2021

[Russia] Anon., Drugmakers fear for Russian pharma market due to shift to new drug labelling, Pharma Letter, 5 January 2021.

[Russia] Anton Zverev et al. Some Russian hospitals face shortages of COVID-19 drugs, WHBL, 20 November 2020. See also here

[Russia] Anon., Matvienko pointed to the absence of reasons for the shortage of drugs in Russia, Pledge Times, 18 November 2020.

[Russia] Bhavia Mandalia, Pharmaceutical market participants announced the continued shortage of drugs in pharmacies, Pledge Times, 11 November 2020.

[Russia Tatarstan] Sergey Afanasyev, Hysteria of pandemic inflates pricces for popular medicines, Realnoe Vremya, 11 November 2020.

[Russia] Anon. Call for Russian government to prevent drug shortages in domestic market, Pharma Letter, 10 November 2020.

[Russia] Anon., Pharmacies across Russia are running out of medications used to treat COVID-19 –demand not the only problem, Meduza, 5 November 2020.

[Russia–Tatarstan] Inna Serova, Vital drugs disappear from pharmacies in Tatarstan, ResinoeVremya, 3 November 2020.

[Russia] Bhavia Mandalia, The deficit of antiviral drugs was assessed in Russia [no shortage[ prices fixed], Pledge Times, 17 October 2020.

[Russia] Anon, Foreign drugs continue to disappear from Russian pharmaceutical retail, Pharma Letter, 1 September 2020.

[Russia] Bhavi Mandalia, Furosemitism [Lasix]: patients will not have enough, Pledge Times, 30 August 2020.

[Russia] Anon., Russia ready to export Avafavir for treatment of coronavirus amid global shortage, TASS, 2 July 2020.

[Russia] Anon. COVID=19 leading to shortage of orphan drugs in Russia, Pharma Letter, 5 May 2017.

[Russia] Anon., Russia likely to face drug price increases, Pharma Letter, 17 March 2020.

[Russia] Evan Gerschkovich, People could lose their lives: medicine shortages in Russia have left patients sfending for themselves, Moscow Times, 12 February 2020.

[Russia] Anon., Russia still unable to solve problem of drug shortage in domestic market, Pharma Letter, 28 January 2020. [claims 800 drugs disappeared from market — most from Japanese suppliers]

[Russia] Anon., Russia plans production of anti-cancer drugs in the Middle East [Syria], Pharma Letter, 7 January 2020. See also here.

[Russia] Anon., Russia considering large-scale production of drugs on African continent, Pharma Letter, 12 November 2019.

[Russia] David Levine, Tends of thousands in Russia face medicine shortages as a result of Western sanctions, World Socialist Website, 11 November 2019.

[Russia] Shreyas Tanna, Russia’s HIV patients panic over drug shortage, Health Gazette24, 6 September 2019.

[Russia] Anon, Russia’s HIV patients panic over drug shortage, Moscow Times, 2 August 2019.

[Russia] Anon., Russia prepares for drug shortagein coming years, The Pharma Letter, 13 May 2019.

[Russia] Anon., Russian chamber of commerce warns of drug shortages due to low pricing, The Pharma Letter, 18 July 2017.

[Russia] Daria Litvinova, Russia’s HIV patients struggle to get treatment, The Moscow Times, 16 September 2015.

[Saudi Arabia] Anon., Pharma Congress focusses on latest tech innovations, investment opportunities — and drug shortages, Saudi Gazette, 4 December 2019.

[Saudi Arabia] A. Al Azmi et al., Medication exchange and sharing network program initiative to cope with drug shorages, Dove Medical Press, 9 July 2019.

[South Korea] Lee Han-Soo, Korea faces supply shortage for life-saving medication for hypoglycemia, Korea BIomed, 15 April 2023.

[South Korea] Lee Yoon-seo, Scarcity of cold medicines looms in S. Korea following shortage in China, Korea Herald, 12 December 2022.

[South Korea] Hwang Su-Yeon et al. Cough syrup, Tylenol run short due to COVID wave, Korea Joongang Daily, 15 March 2022.

[South Korea] Fraiser Kansteiner, Sanofi, eyeing impurity concerns, pulls hypertension meds in Korea and the UK, Fierce Pharma, 10 August 2021.

[South Korea] Shim Hyun Tai, Tylenol’s supply shortage continues in Seoul metro region, Korea Biomed, 21 May 2021.

[South Korea] Song Soo-Youn et al.  Clinicians frustrated by shortage of antibiotic doxycycline, KBR, 16 April 2021.

[South Korea] Kim Chan-hyuk, State run drug manufacturer needed for sovereign vaccine strategy, Korea Biomed, 11 November 2020.

[South Korea] Anon., Acerus announces temporary shortage of NATESTO in Canada and South Korea, Yahoo Finance, 2 August 2019.

[South Korea] Song Soo-youn, Government agrees to raise Lipidiol price, Korea Biomedical Review, 25 July 2018.

[South Korea] Park gi-taek,  Lipidiol excluded from shortage-prevention drugs, Korea Biomedical Review, 11 June 2018.

[South Korea] M. H. Lee, No end in sight for aspirin shortage, Korea Biz Wire, 20 March 2018.

[South Korea] So Jae Hyeon, Leukemia drug faces longer PMS [post-marketing surveillance] on demand shortage, Korean Biomedical Review, 9 January 2018.

[South Korea] Lee Hye-Seon, Two orphan drugs [Dapsone and Mexiletine] find manufacturers in Korea, Korea Biomedical Review, 12 October 2017.

[South Korea] Lee Hye-seon, Ministry to focus on stable supply of essential drugs, Korea Biomedical Review, 17 August 2017.

[Sir Lanka] Raj Gonsalkorale, Drug shortages and impact on health outcomes; is it only the tip of the iceberg, Sri LAnka Guardian, 10 September 2023.

[Sri Lanka] Sandro Sathyajith, 77 medicines in shortage, News First, 3 September 2023.

[Sri Lanka] Anon., Government undertakes initiatives to proactively address and prevent future drug shortages, Colombo Page, 2 July 2023.

[Sri Lanka] Namini Wijedasa, Amid serious shortage of drugs, Health Ministry fails to clear WHO donation, Sunday TImes, June 2023. See also here

[Sri Lanka] Anon., SC suspends imports of drug from unregistered Indian company, Sunday TImes, 9 April 2023.

[Sri Lanka] Anon., Health Mninister says government procured 83 of the 151 medicines that were in shortage, Colombo Page, 11 March 2023.

[Sri Lanka] Anon., Health minister expects to resolve shortage in first quarter of New Year, Colombo Page, 2 January 2023. See also here, here, here

[Sri Lanka] Reuters, Cancer patients struggle amid economic chaos, Japan Times, 24 December 2022

[Sri Lanka] Chrishanthi Christopher, Healthcare near collapse but Keheliya downplays crisis, Sunday Times, 4 December 2022. See also here

[Sri Lanka] Chanka Jayasinghe, Facing shortage of 150 essential medicines, Economy Next, 25 October 2022. See also here, here

[Sri Lanka] Armani Nilar, Medicine shortage has resulted in ‘medicine mafia’ News First, 18 September 2022. See also here

[Sri Lanka] Anon. President stresses urgent need for policy change in health sector, Adaderana, 4 September  2022. See also here, here, here, here

[Sri Lanka] Anon., Don’t fall ill. Sri Lanka doctors warn of drug shortage, Indian Express, 13 July 2022. See also  here, here, here , here, here, here, here, here

[Sri Lanka] Anon., Cost of essential medicines in Sri Lanka hit by 40% mark up, Tamil Guardian, 2 May 2022. See also here re heart drugs, essential drugs, here, here, here, here, here, here here, here

[Sri Lanka] Anon., Sri Lanka requests IMF for rapid financial aid amidst current economic crisis, Devdiscourse, 19 April 2022. See also here, here, here

[Sri Lanka] Anon., Health ministry implements several plans to manage drug shortages at government hospitals. Colombo Page, 13 April 2022. See also here, here, here, here, here, here

[Sri Lanka] Kumudini et al., A five-point plan to address critical medicinal shortage from health experts, Sunday Times, 10 April 2022. See also here here, here, here here, here, here, here, here, here, here,

[Sri Lanka] Rohini Mohan, Medical emergency in Sri Lanka with no end in sight, Straight Times, 6 April 2022 [doctors protest]. See also herehere, here, here, here, here, here,

[Sri Lanka] Anon. Sri Lanka’s doctors protest against drug shortage as crisis persists, The Strait Times, 6 April 2022. See also here, here, here, here, here.

[Sri Lanka] Anon., Economic crisis in Sri Lanka leads to several drug shortages, La Prensa Latina, 29 March 2022. Indian minister offers help, See here, here, here, here, here, here,  here, here, here, here, here,

[Sri Lanka] Amani Nilar, Rajitha points out existing drug shortage [more than 250 drugs], News First, 20 MArch 2022. See also here

[Sri Lanka] Teena Marian, Government Pharmacists warn of shortage, News First, 14 March 2022.

[Sri Lanka] Anon., Sri Lanka faces medicine shortage due to forex crisis and government management, Tamil Guardian, 6 March 2022. See also here, price hikes by 29%  here, here, here, here, here

[Sri Lanka] Shabiya Ali Ahlam, Malban to set up US$15M pharmaceutical manufacturing factory, Daily Mirror, 25 February 2022.

[Sri Lanka] Chaturanga Samarawickrama, SL to face massive drug shortage in three months, Daily Mirror, 24 February 2022.

[Sri Lanka] Amani Nilar, Patients in grim condition as cancer hospitals experience shortage, News First, 19 February 2022.

[Sri Lanka] Dushan M, Right time to answer issues of Sri Lanka pharma industry, Sunday Observer, 13 February 2022.

[Sri Lanka] Rathindra Kuruwitha, CMLAS president warns of impending drug shortage, The ISland, 11 January 2022. See also here.

[Sri Lanka] Anon., Hospitals to bypass SPC to source essential drugs, Nation Online, 25 October 2021. See also here

[Sri Lanka] Anon., State minister accuses former govt of purchasing medical drugs for exorbitant prices [data missing], Adaderana, 21 September 2021.

[Sri Lanka] Anon., Cyber mystery as drug company files go missing. Sunday Times, 8 August 2021.

[Sri Lanka] Kumudini Hettiarachchi, ALPMA wants President to intervene to protect the local drug manufacturing industry, Sunday Times, 4 April 2021.

[Sri Lanka] Anon., Shortage of essential cancer drugs, Hiru News, 19 June 2020.

[Sri Lanka] Camelia Nathaniel, Rs. 1bn from treasure to meet Apeksha Hospital drug shortage, Daily News, 9 December 2019.

[Sri Lanka] Anon. GMOA to launch token strike tomorrow, Adaderana, 21 August 2019.

[Sri Lanka] Shaadya Ismail, Hundreds of drugs not available in public hospitals, Sunday Times, 25 August 2019.

[Sri Lanka] Anon., Health Minister to take disciplinary action against those who create fake drug shortages, Colombo Page, 10 August 2019. See also here.

[Sri Lanka] Anon., Critical shortage of essential drugs at Apeksha Hospital,, 2 August 2019. Denied, also here.

[Sri Lanka] Anon., Hospitals could face drug shortage if Cabinet meeting does not take place, Sunday Times, 17 June 2019.

[Sri Lanka] Anon., No shortage of essential medical drugs at any hospital, Colombo Page, 30 May 2019.

[Sri Lanka] Anon., Shortage of numerous essential drugs islandwide, News First, 4 March 2019.

[Sri Lanka] Anon., No drugs at Parliament medical centre, News First, 18 February 2019.

[Sri Lanka] Nadira Gunatileke, The drug shortage will be ended by March – Health Minister [blames political crisis], Daily News, 11 February 2019. See also here.

[Sri Lanka] Anon., GMOA accountable for drug shortage- Rajitha, Adaderana, 11 February 2019.

[Sri Lanka] Anon., Drug shortage being addressed: Ministry of Health, News First, 6 February 2019.

[Sri Lanka] Anon., Consignment of drugs to be imported [51 day crisis], TImes Online, 5 February 2019.

[Sri Lanka] Anon., Treasury allocates Rs 1 billion for essential drugs, Colombo Page, 4 February 2019.

[Sri Lanka] Anon., GMOA warns of a scarcity of medicine, News First, 2 February 2019.

[Sri Lanka] Anon., [Minister denies drug shortage; claims solved by airlift], Daily Mirror, 29 January 2019.

[Sri Lanka] Anon., Drug shortage at Maharagma Apeksha hospital to be resolved, News First, 28 January 2019

[Sri Lanka] Anon., Sri Lanka may face milk power shortage with currency fall, Economy Next, 7 January 2019.

[Sri Lanka] Anon., A special team to look into shortage of [200] medicinal drug[s], Ceylon Daily News, 31 December 2018. See also here, here.

[Sri Lanka] Nadira Gunatilleke, State hospitals to get cancer, other drugs, Daily News, 24 December 2018. See also here.

[Sri Lanka] Anon., Health Ministry secretary warns of a drug shortage, Hiru News, 6 November 2018. See also here; denied here.

[Sri Lanka] Anon., Health Minister requests to notify the Ministry of drug shortages in writing, Colombo Page, 31 August 2018

[Sri Lanka] Charunya Rajakaruna, Patients suffer due to drug shortage in kidney unit of Kandy Hospital, Adaderana, 13 June 2018.

[Sri Lanka] Anon., Drug shortage at Cancer Hospital, Hiru News, 18 April 2018.

[Sri Lanka] Anon., Health minister asssures no drug shortage in government hospitals, SriLanka Internet Newspaper, 30 August 2017.

[Sri Lanka] Thilanka Kanakarathna, Flood hit areas safe from dengue epidemic, Daily Mirror, 4 June 2017. See also here.

[Sri Lanka] Anon., Health Ministry refutes claims of influenza drug shortage at state hospitals, Colombo Page, 18 April 2017.

[Sri Lanka] Anon. Health Ministry receives 82 complaints on errant pharmacies [raising prices],, 9 November 2016.

[Sri Lanka] Carol Aloysius, Drug shortages add to consumer woes after price revision, Sunday Observer, 6 November 2016.

[Sri Lanka] Anon. Gazette on drug price reduction issued this week,, 17 October 2016.

[Sri Lanka] Anon. Double blow to Moulana’s family, Ceylon Daily News,  21 June 2016.

[Sri Lanka] Anon. Good drugs at a good price the Sri Lankan bottleneck, The Island, 5 May 2016.

[Sri Lanka] Nadira Gunnatilleke, No room for drug shortage, Ceylon Daily News, 5 May 2016.

[Sri Lanka] Anon. Programme launched to prevent drug shortages in 2017,, 9 April 2016.

[Sri Lanka] Rishan Hannan, Shortage of essential drugs in govt hospitals; underprivileged worst affected, News First, 5 April 2016.

[Sri Lanka] Nirmala Kannangara, Why is NMRA a bitter pill for Rajitha to swallow. The Sunday Leader, 21 February 2016

[Sri Lanka] Anon. Health ministry rejects drug shortage, News.LK, 16 February 2016.

[Sri Lanka] Anon. A shortage of pharmaceuticals at main hospitals, Hiru News, 12 Februrary 2016.

[Sri Lanka] Anon. Drugs to be airlifted to overcome shortage [for patients with kidney disease]. The Island, 7 February 2016.

[Sri Lanka] Parliament-Prime Minister, Biggest ever funding for Sri Lanka’s health Service [includes measures of shortages], News.LK, 24 April 2015.

[Syria] Jana Issa, Drug manufacturers imposing their will in Syria, 30% price increase, Enab Baladi, 1 July 2021.

[Syria] Amelia Smith, In NW Syria camps brace for Covid catastrophe [shortages of drugs beds, doctors], Middle East Monitor, 28 September 2020.

[Syria] Enab Baladi, Rising drug prices make patients sicker in Idlib, Enab, 17 June 2020.

[Syria] Steven Sahiounie, Syria’s pharmaceutical industry rebuilds following the defreat of US NATO sponsored terrorists, Global Research, 3 December 2019. USE CAUTION AT THIS SITE (Click here to understand why). Also here

[Syria] Sara Abed, US-EU economic sanctions inflict suffering on war battered Syrian children, Global Research, 29 March 2018.

[Syria] SZH/HSN, WHO says drug shortage in Syria has led to critical situation, PressTV, 20 September 2013.

[Syria] Drug shortage hits Syrians hard, Saudi Gazette, 18 September 2013.

[Syria] Toby Pitts-Tucker Healthcare in Syria is close to collapse as drug shortages bite, BMJ, 9 August 2012.

[Taiwan] Anon. 2 measures implemented to address IV fluid shortage in Taiwan, Focus Taiwan, 23 May 2024.

[Taiwan] Oscar Wu, Taiwan’s drug price adjustments: balancing cost and availability, Gene Online, 28 February 2024.

[Taiwan] Jono Tomson, Taiwan’s drug shortage fears fueled by preference for branded medicines, Taiwan News, 22 January 2024.

[Taiwan] Lee I Chia, Health ministry releases drug-shortage strategy, Taipei Times, 28 February 2023. See also here.

[Taiwan] Lin Hui-Chin et al., FIfty five drug shortages reported in first two months, Taipei Times, April 2022.

[Taiwan] George Liao, Shortage of remdesivir drives Taiwan to consider using alternative drug, Taiwan News, 3 August 2020.

[Taiwan] Shih-Huai Hsiao et al., Mitigate the risks of medication interruption due to COVID-19 for elderly with chronic diseases, Kaoshung J Medical Sciences, 1 July 2020

[Taiwan] Lee-i-Chia, Ministry of Health andWelfare drafts drug shortage bill [mandatory reporting in advance], Taipei Times,  25 August 2016.

[Thailand], Anon. NGO wants clarity on drug supplies, Bangkok Post, 29 March 2022. See also here.

[Thailand] Tara Abhasakun. Rural Thai doctors report shortage of COVID-19 medicine Pavipiravir, The Thaiger, 27 February 2022.

[Thailand] Anon., Row [over procurement channels] puts HIV patients at risk, Bangkok Post, August 2017.

[Thailand] Lamphai Intathep, GPO [Gov’t Pharmaceutical Organization] board sacks director amid drugs shortage complaints [HIV drugs] Bangkok Post, 27 October 2014.

[Turkey] See Europe.

[United Arab Emirates] Ali al Shouk, Diabetes drug being used for wieght loss leads to shortage in UAE market, The National, 7 April 2023.

[United Arab Emriates] Anna Zacharias, Medication shortage putting pets at risk [veterinary drugs], The National UAE, 29 July 2019.

[United Arab Emirates] WAM, Ministry slashes prices by up to 24% on select drugs [a collaboration with Sanofi on over 8000 drugs] The Gulf Today, 24 December 2017.

[United Arab Emirates] Anon., Drugs [and trafficking] in the time of corona, Al Khaleej, 30 October 2020.

[United Arab Emirates] Asma All Zain, Prices of 188 medicines to be reduced, Khaleej Times, 28 August 2015.

[United Arab Emirates] Zainab Al Hassani, Drug Shortages Affect Patient Care, The National, 11 March 2012.

[Uzbekhistan] Anon., Uzbekhistan encounters anti-viral drug shortage, AKI press, 16 July 2020.

[Vietnam] Anon., COVID-19 not only cause of medical schortages,, 20 March 2023.

[Vietnam] Anon., Supply shortage pushes up prices of many drugs,, 1 October 2022. See also here

[Vietnam] Anon., Shortage of drugs, medical equipment a problem across medical facilities, Vietnam net, 21 September 2022

[Vietnam] Anon., Health Ministry informs lack of hemstatic, anticoagulant drugs in heart surgery, SGGP, 15 August 2022. See also ops cancelled here

[Vietnam] Phan Thao, Ministry asked to issue regulation to amend drugs, medical equipment shortage, Saigon, 30 June 2021.

[Vietnam] Anon., Health Ministry responds to shortage of anti-rejection drug, SGGP News, 29 April 2022.

[Vietnam] Minh Nam, Vietnam strengthens production, import, store of COVID-19 drugs, Saigon Online, 10 August 2021.

[Vietnam] Tranh An., Pediatricians face difficulties in treating HFM disease due to drug shortage, Saigon GP News, 27 September 2020.

[Vietnam] CEO of VacoPharm, Domestic salbutomol medicine production fails to meet demand, VietNam News, 5 July 2018. See also here.

[Vietnam] Tuoi tre, Vietnam parents take infants abroad for vaccination given local drug shortage, Tuoitrenews, 26 June 2014.

[Vietnam] Ho Binh Minh, Lethal drug shortage offers Vietnam death-row prisoners reprieve, Reuters, 29 May 2012.

[Yemen] Anon., Faced with drug shortages, people in Yemen are struggling to survive, AA, 3 December 2022.

[Yeman] Abdullatif Al-washalli , Yeman facing medicine shortages due to Saudi blockade, Press, 12 November 2022.

[Yemen] Anon., Saudi blockade severely disrupting aid work in Sana’a. Norwegian aid group says medicine cannot reach Yemenis, Press TV, 1 September 2018.