Media Reports – Europe

begins with European Union–then alphabetical by country

[Europe] Ferdous al-Faruque, European Commission drug shortage pilot study highlights industry, regulatory challenges, RAPS, 11 July 2024.

[Europe] Ferdous Al-Faruque, Euro-Convergence: experts discuss supply chain challenges, potential solutions, RAPS, 15 May 2024. 

[Europe-Global] Reuters, Rise in reports of fake weight-loss drugs linked to shortage of real thing, WHO sasy. Reuters, 30 January 2024.

[Europe] Anon., La Commission publie la première liste de UE des médicaments critiques, Daily News EU, 12 December 2023. See also here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here

[Europe] Gabriela Galindo, Bitter pills; Medicine shortages in the EU, Parliament Magazine, 10 December 2023.

[Europe] Joanne S. Eglovitch, Pharma groups fight proposed ban on tianium dioxide in Europe, RAPS, 28 November 2023.

[Europe] Julia Payne, EU sets up new mechanisms to stave off medicine shortages, Reuters, 24 October 2023. See also here, here

[Europe] Andy Bounds, EU plans for countries to share medicines in case of shortages, Financial Times, 19 October 2023.

[Europe] Anon. The 1000 medicines missing from pharmacies and of which the EU will create a strategic Researve, Nation World News, 14 October 2023

[Europe] Diederick Stadig, The EU’s endless drug shortage, its fragile supply chains and the bizarre crab connection, ING Think, 10 October 2023.

[Europe] Sally Turner, Cancer treatment uncertainty: European nations struggle with drug shortage, Pharmaceutical Technology 21 August 2023. 

[Europe] Robert Cursano et al., Eurpean Medicines Agency’s recommendations to precent medicines shortages, Global Complicance, 30 June 2023.

[Europe] Alex Olaru et al. Why medicines are still in short supply. A cross-border investigation, European Data Journalism, 15 May 2023.

[Europe] Geidre Peseckyte, EU ministers impatient to address shortages, Euractive, 10 May 2023.

[Europe] Anon., European pediatricians sound alarm over medicine shortage, Business Recorder, 29 April 2023. See also here, here

[Europe] Andy Bounds et al, EU outlines plan to take control of medicine production in health crises, Financial Times, 24 April 2023. See also here, here, here, here

[Europe] Maggie Fick, After COVID and drug shortages, EU revamps drug laws, Reuters, 3 April 2023.

[Europe] JAnice Kew, Ozempic: Diabetics at risk of medication shortage, Bloomberg, 13 March 2023. See also here

[Europe] Ferry Biedermann, Seeking solutions to global drugs shortages, The Lancet, 4 March 2023.

[Europe] Ian Scholfield, New EU body to take the strain as talks on pharma overhaul near, Pink Sheet, 22 February 2023.

[Europe] Shyam Bishen et al, Why are there medicine shortages and what is the solution, World Economic Forum, 20 February 2023.

[Europe] Chloe Kent, Medicines for Europe calls out threat of generics supply consolidation in EU market, Pharma Intelligence, 14 February 2023.

[Europe] Anon., Why Europe’s drug shortages may get worse, Reuters, 8 Feb 2023

[Europe] Carlo Martuscelli, Europe is running out of medicines, Politico, 29 January 2023. See also here, here, here, here here, here, here

[Europe] Natalie Grover et al. EU must do more to tackle antibiotic shortages, Pharma Live, 24 January 2023. See also here, here

[Europe] Maggie Fick, EU plans changes to pharma law to avoid medicine shortages, Reuters, 17 January 2023.

[Europe] Andy Bounds et al, EU draws up plans to stockpile scare medicines, Financial Times, 12 January 2023. See also here, here

[Europe] Ahmet Gencturk, Greece urges EU-wide common solution to drug shortages, AA, 4 January 2023.

[Europe] Chris King, GLobal diabetes drug shortage ‘miracle’ weight loss cure trend, Euro Weekly News, 30 December 2022.

[Europe] Helen Collis, Drugs regulator probes EU-wide antibiotics shortage, Politico, 16 December 2022.

[Europe] Oceans Duboust, Europe’s medicine shortages: What we know about low drug supplies, from amoxicillin to paracetamol, Euro News, 6 December 2022.

[Europe] May Van BUsekom, European energy crisis may portend US drug shortages, CIDRAP, 10 November 2022.

[Europe] Chloe Kent, Main issue facing generics security of supply is price, Politico panel hears, Genercis Bulletin, 21 October 2022.

[Europe] Tyler Patchen, EMA warns of two oehringer heart drugs due to spike in demand. Endpoints, 23 September 2022

[Europe] Ferdous al-Faruque, Convergence: Experts see hope for meeting EU MDR deadlines, REgulatory Focus, 12 September 2022.

[Europe] Tyler Patchen, EMA issues warning of IVF drug shortage due to manufacturing issues, ENdpoints, 10 August 2022.

[Europe] Chloe Kent, Medicines for Europe and European Commission aligned on energy rationing, Pharma Intelligence, 22 July 2022.

[Europe] Ian Schofield, EMA to draw up ‘critical medicine’ lists for future health crises, Pink Sheet, 12 May 2022.

[Europe] Jamie Smyth et al., Western drugmakers walk ethical tightrope over Russian ties, Financial Times, 18 March 2022.

[Europe] Ian Scholfield, EMA begins setting up new bodies to tackle drug shortages, Pink Sheet, 2 March 2022.

[Europe] Zachary Brennan, European Parliament signs off on strengthening drug regulator’s ability to tackle shortage, Endpoint News, 20 January 2022. See also here

[Europe] Anon., COVID-19 Pfizer to allow developing nations to make its treatment pill, BBC, 16 November 2021.

[Europe] Ian Scholfield, EU bodies agree on new drug shortage monitoring platform [with criticial lists], Informa, 29 October 2021.

[Europe] Nick Paul Taylor, Euro Roundup: Commission seeks feedback on pharmaceutical legislation, RAPS, 30 September 2021.

[Europe] European Alliance of Associations for Rheumatology, EU shortage of arthritis drugs due to use as treatment for severe COVID-19 cases, Medical Express, September 2021.

[Europe] Federation of European Academies of Medicine, On FEAM Statement on Shortages of Medicines, September 2021.

[Europe] Rich Quelch, Building the UK’s domestic pharma manufacturing capacity, European Pharmaceutical Journal, 29 April 2021.

[Europe] Silvia Amaro, EU launches legal action against Astra Zenica due to vaccine shortages, CNBC, 26 April 2021.

[Europe] Anon., Global shortage of antibiotics fuels emergence of drug resistance, Prensa Latina, 16 April 2021. See also here, here

[Europe] WHO, Global shortage of innovative antibiotics fuels emerbence and spread of drug-resistance, WHO, 15 April 2021.

[Europe] Katerina Konecna, Time to overhaul patent protection law, The Parliament, 7 April 2021.

[Europe] Veronique Trillet-Lenoir, Restoring our pharmaceutical autonomy, The Parliament, 1 April 2021.

[Europe] Sam Blanchard, EU faces more COVID vaccine delays amid Johnson and Johnson supply shortage, Daily Mail, 11 March, 2021. See also here

[Europe] Joe Barnes et al., EU vaccine crisis, bloc faces SECOND jab row as J & J jabs are shippled to US, Daily Mail,  5 February 2021

[Europe] Beth Mole, GSK eyes next-gen COVID vaccine as it links deal to help boost current supply, Ars Technica, 3 February 2021.

[Europe] Lina Saigol, Pfizer-BioNTech partnership pledges 75M more doses to help ease the EU bloc’s shortag, Market Watch, 1 February 2021.

[Europe] Matina Stevis-Gridneff et al, As vaccine supplies lag, tensions growin in EU, New York Times, 29 January 2021.

[Europe] Lina Saigol, Sanofi teams up with BioNtech and Pfizer to help fix Europe’s Vaccine shortage, Market Watch, 27 January 2021.

[Europe] Anon., EU demands UK-made Astra Zeneca vaccine doses, BBC, 28 January 2021.

[Europe] Lianna Matt McLernan, Nations facing drug shortages use registries, other steps CIDRAP, 8 January 2021. (About Vogler et al below)

[Europe] Sabine Vogler et al., How to address medicines shortages: Findings from a cross-sectional study of 24 countries, Health Policy 124.12 (December 2020): 1287-96.

[Europe] Rick Mullin, Europe’s drug supply chain gets ready for a makeover [reshoring], Chemical and Engineering News, 27 November 2020.

[Europe] Eanna Kelly, EU sets out plan for more independence in drug manufacturng, Science Business, 26 November 2020.

[Europe] Bhavia Mandalia, COVID-19 a global drug shortage, Pledge Times, 14 November 2020.

[Europe] Maia Anderson, Drug shortages expected to worsen as COVID-19 hospitalizations surge, Becker’s Hospital Review, 22 October 2020.

[Europe] Willem Marx, As Covid-19 surges across Europe, countries fear drug shortages, NBC News, 16 October 2020.

[Europe] Marine Straus and Philip Blenkinsop, EU signs joint contract for remdesivir supply, Yahoo News, 8 October 2020. See also  here,

[Europe] Kevin O’Sullivan, Concern grows for Europe’s supply of remdesivir, Irish Times, 7 October 2020.

[Europe] Jahnavi Gupta, Two thirds of generic drug ingredients produced in Asia, Hindustan Times, 7 October 2020. Study in German here. Summary See also here and here, here

[Europe] Caroline Copley, EU must wean itself off Asia for key drug ingredients, Reuters,  7 October 2020.

[Europe] Thomson Reuters, Majority of generic drug ingredients produced in Asia study, KFGO, 7 October 2020.

[Europe] Report Linker,The growth of the Europe pharmaceutical continuous manufacturing market is primarily attributed to the increasing shortage of medicines. Global, 1 October 2020.

[Europe] Nick Paul Taylor, MEPs seek more power for EMA to address shortages, RAPS, 24 September 2020.

[Europe] Anon., What is the cure for medicine shortage in the EU? Times of Malta, 21 July 2020.

[Europe] Nick Paul Taylor, EU health committee calls for EMA to get wider remit, more staff to stop shortages, RAPS, 16 July 2020.

[Europe] Anon., Medicine shortages in the EU causes and solutions, News European Parliament, 16 July 2020.

[Europe] Francesco Guarascio, EU scrambles to buy intensive care drugs to tacle COVI shortages, Reuters, 8 July 2020. See also here

[Europe] Leslie Young, WHO warns of critical shortage of HIV drugs due to coronavirus, GLobal News, 6 July 2020.

[Europe] Ian Scholfield, Drug shortages treeat from second CIVID-19 wave, Pink Sheet, 28 June 2020.

[Europe] Anon., WHO warns of oxygen shortage, DevDiscourse, 25 June 2020.

[Europe] Kate Kelland et al. Steroid drug hailed as breaktrhgouh for seriously ill COVID-19 patients, REUTERS, 16 June 2020.

[Europe] Anon., Pandemic leading to illegal drug shortages: UN report, ABS CBN News, 6 May 2020. See also here, here here and here

[Europe] Rick Mullin, COVID-19 is reshaping the pharmaceutical supply chain, C&EN, 27 April 2020. See also here and here

[Europe] EAHP, 2019 Medicines Shortages Survey, 7 April 2020.

[Europe] Rory ONeill, EMA uveils fast-track drug shortage monitoring, Life Sciences Intellectual Property Review, 8 April 2020

[Europe] Anon., EU will avoid medicine shortage, industry chief says, Reuters, 2 April 2020. See also here

[Europe] Victoria Rees, EMA announces measures to manage drug shortages for COVID-19, European Pharmaceutical Review, 13 March 2020.

[Europe] Aadita Matoo and Michele Ruta, Don’t close borders against coronavirus: Free trade and coordinated action are vital to ensure medical supplies get to where they are needed, Financial Times, 13 March 2020.

[Europe] Vassia Barba, EMA monitors the coronavirus impact on the supply chain, Pharma Technologist, 11 March 2020.

[Europe] Sarah Morgan, No coronavirus-related drug shortage yet, says EMA, Life Science IP Review, 11 March 2020.

[Europe] EMA, Addressing the potential impact of novel coronavirus disease on medicines supply in the EU, 10 March 2020 [none yet] See also here

[Europe] Toni Waterman, EU health ministers criticize member states for bannind face mask exports, CGTN, 7 March 2020.

[Europe] Francesco Guarascio, Europe could face more drug shortages as coronavirus squeezes supplies, NASDAQ, 5 March 2020. See also here.

[Europe] Helene Lavoie, COVID-19 in anticipation: timing and influence, from mobility restriction to drug shortage, Red Analysis, 19 February 2020.

[Europe] LaToya Harding et al., Coronavirus: Europe braces for coronavirus induced drug shortages, Telegraph blog, 19 February 2020.

[Europe] Toni Waterman., EU Health ministers warn COVID-19 could lead to drug shortage, CGTN, 14 February 2020.

[Europe] Victoria Rees, Resolving and mitgating medicine shortages in the EU, European Pharmaceutical Review, 10 February 2020.

[Europe] Ian Scholfield, Drug shortage crisis worsesn, Pink Sheet, 4 February 2020.

[Europe] Nick Paul Taylor, Pharmacists in 87% of EU countries report drug shortages got worse in 2019. Regulatory Focus, 30 January 2020.

[Europe] Ian Scholfield, EU network pilot moves into second phase, Pharma Intelligence, 3 January, 2020. See also here and here. See database

[Europe] Anon., Santa comes early for convincing Boris victory but so does flu, EUReporter, 18 December 2019.

[Europe] European Medicines Agency, Shortages Catalogue, launched late 2019.

[Europe] Carolyn Wickware, Generics manufacturers call for drugs manufacturing to move back to Europe from India and china, Pharmaceutical Journal, 5 December 2019

[Europe] Anon., Combatting drug shortages in the EU, new guidance, European Pharmaceutical Review, 29 November 2019.

[Europe] Stephanie Miceli, To improve public health, medicine regulators worldwide should collaborate, remove barriers to sharing information, News: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, Medicine, 21 November 2019. Report.

[Europe] Zachary Brennan, Brexit costs EMA almost 60M Euros in 2019, RAPS, 21 November 2019.

[Europe] EAHP, EAHP launches new Medicines Shortages Survey, targeting health care professionals and patients, EAHP press release, 7 November 2019.

[Europe] Connor Boyd, Patients across Europe are waiting months of life-saving drugs due to shortage, Daily Mail, 4 November 2019.

[Europe Jeffrey Aronson, When I use a word…explaining drug shortages,  BMJ, 18 October 2019.

[Europe] Ben Hargreaves, European access to drug treatments, in-Pharma, 25 September 2019.

[Europe Francesco Guarascio, No deal Brexit could deepen Europe’s shortage of medicines, Reuters, 12 August 2019.

[Europe] Sarah Morgan, EMA settles Brexit dispute, Life Sciences Preview, 8 July 2019.

[Europe] Jillian Deutsch, Europe comes up short on drug supplies, Politico, 10 July 2019.

[Europe] Anon., Tighter EU rules could trigger antibiotic shortage, says Fresenius, Medical Dialogues, 9 June 2019. See also here, here, here, and here.

[Europe] Michael Mezher, EMA issues two guidances of drug shortages, RAPS, 5 July 2019. See also here.

[Europe Ian Scholfield, What is a drug shortage? First EU definition due this month, Pink Sheet, 6 June 2019.

[Europe] Bayrum Altug, World Health Assembly convenes in Geneva, AA, 20 May 2019.

[Europe Kelly Davio, In the leadup to the EU elections biosimilar and generics grop calls for sustainable market policies, Center for Biosimilars, 1 May 2019.

[Europe]  Anon., Lack of access to antibiotics is a a major global health challenge, Counsel & Heal, 1 May 2019. See report here.

[Europe] Ana Mulero, EU restricts Slovak manufactuer’s GMP certificate over spate of deficiencies, RAPS, 16 January 2019.

[Europe] Sarah Boseley, Insulin shortage could affect 40 million people with type 2 diabetes, The Guardian, 21 November 2018.

[Europe] European Association of Hospital Pharmacists, EAHP survey on medicines shortages, 7 November 2018. See also here, [survey results, problem persists–increased to 91% from 82%], 7 November 2018.

[Europe] Anon., Global generics drugs market, 2018-2022. Ken Vendors are Fresenius Kabi, Mylan, Novartis, Pfizer, Sun Pharmaceutical Industries & Teva, CISION, 26 July 2018.

[IEurope] Anon., PDA [Parenteral Drug Association] funding study on post-approval changes published by the Economist Intelligence Unit [press release], Cision, 19 June 2018. The report.

[Europe Anne Gulland, Global shortage of lifesaving drugs [antibiotics] fuels rise in superbugs, Telegraph, 4 June 2018.

[Europe Deirdre Cogan, Karrar Karrar, Jayasree K. Iyer, Shortages, Stockouts, and Scarcity, Access to Medicines Foundation, 31 May 2018.

[Europe] Natalie Rahhal, Is the world on the verge of an antibiotic crisis, Reuters: Daily Mail, 31 May 2018.

[Europe] Tängdén T, Pulcini C, Aagaard H, et al. Unavailability of old antibiotics threatens effective treatment for common bacterial infections. Lancet Infect Dis. March 2018.

[Europe Zachary Brennan, EU looks to craft harmonized definition of a drug shortage, RAPS, 11 February 2019

[Europe] Anon., EMA launches consultation on GMP non-compliance statements [possible mitigation for shortages of life-saving drugs] Center for Biosimilars, 4 April 2018.

[Europe] Sean Milmo, Tackling medicine shortages in Europe, Pharmaceutical Technology Europe 30 (3) 8–9, 2 March 2018.

[Europe] John E. Bournas, How pharma operations in Europe have changed in the last 25 years, European Pharmaceutical Review, 10 January 2018.

[Europe] Tanvi Ambulkar, Dire shortage of a broad-spectrum antibiotic raises concerns globally, MIMS Today, 13 July 2017.

[Europe] Keila Guimarães, Pharma’s Big Fail: Benzathine Penicillin shortages are bringing syphilis back all over the world, Quartz, 18 May 2017.

[Europe] Nick Staines, Europe needs a plan to combat cancer drug shortages [European Society of Oncology], Pharmaphorum, 18 May 2017.

[Europe] Nick Paul Taylor, EMA reports year-long shortage of BMS kidney transplant drug, RAPS, 23 March 2017.

[Europe] Helen Roberts, Combatting EU drug shortages, PMLive, 16 September 2016

[Europe] Eric Palmer, Shortages persist in EU after GSK temporarily halted production in Italy, Fierce Pharma, 17 June 2016.

[Europe] Anon. Network set up to stuy drug shortages across Europe, The Pharmaceutical Journal, 25 April 2016.

[Europe] Ben Hirschler, Reuters-Insight- Drug shortages prompt question: are some medicines too cheap? Euro News, 1 April 2016.

[Europe] Nick Paul Taylor, EMA looks to harmonize definition of drug shorage, Regulatory Affairs Professionals Society, 28 January 2016.

[Europe] Kim Pauwels et al. Insights into European drug shortages: a survey of hospital pharmacists, PLoS 10.3, 16 March 2015.

[Europe] Michael Mezher, European industry group calls for drug shortage reporting standards, Regulatory Affairs Professional Society, 2 February 2015.

[Europe] Ingrid Torjesen, Drug shortages. It’s time for Europe to Act, Pharmaceutical Journal, 29 January 2015.

[Europe] Sean Milmo, Tackling drug shortages, Pharmaceutical Technology, 2 November 2014.

[Europe] EAHP, Patients suffering medicines shortages in all European countries [report of a survey which can be downloaded at this site], 17 November 2014.

[Europe] James Fitz-Morris, 6 potential stumbling blocks to Canada-EU trade deal, Politics CBC News, 7 March 2013.

[Europe] Foo Yun Chee & Rex Merrifield [Reuters], EU regulators charge J&J, Novartis over generic painkiller delay, Globe and Mail, 31 January 2013.

[Europe] Eric Palmer, EMA wants manufacturers to offer up drug shortage risk analysis, FiercePharma Manufacturing, 27 November 2012.

[Europe] Sten Stovall, Drug makers are right to seek protection for EU’s poorest nations. The Source, WSJ, 25 June 2012

[Europe] Sten Stovall, EU drug makers seek key concessions to overcome supply concerns in Greece, Spain, Globe, 26 June 2012, B3.

[Europe] Jeanne Whalen and Sten Stoval, Drug firms urge price action. Steep discounts in five European nations create shortages, industry group says, Wall Street Journal, 25 June 2012.

[Europe] Biosimilars and cancer drug shortages in Europe, Pharma News, Generics and Biosimilars Initiative, 18 November 2011.

COUNTRIES

[Albania] Esmerelda Keta, Essentials missing in Albania’s breast cancer fight [trastuzumab], Balkan insight, 1 August 2018.

[Armenia] Armenian News, Hemophilia patients face drug shortage in Armenia, Tert.am, 17 April 2013.

[Belgium] Anne-Sophie Gayet, Drug shortage in Belgium is higher than exxpected, Euractiv, 22 February 2023.

[Belgium] Marine Strauss, Shortage of drugs and equipment: Brussels hospitals sound the alarm, New York Times, 1 April 2020.

[Belgium] NautaDutilh, Belgian legislature falls short in regulating drug shorates, Lexology, 28 November 2019

[Belgium] Anon., Breast cancer drug [Femara] no longer unavailable, Brussels Times, 5 September 2019.

[Belgium] Gabriela Galindo Health before profit: Belgian chemists call out big pharma over drug shortagein hospitals, The Brussels Times, 15 July 2019. See also here.

[Belgium] Sam Nelson, Over 400 prescription medicines unavailable in Belgium, Brussels Times, 9 July 2019.

[Belgium] Maïthe Chini, New law against shortage of medicines in Belgium comes into effect, Brussels Times, 15 May 2019.

[Bosnia] Anon., Shortage of medicines for tuberculosis in BiH, Sarajevo Times, 25 June 2023.

[Bulgaria] Anon., Bulgaria’s minister says no shortage of medicines to treat COVID-19, The Sofia Globe, 11 November 2020.

[Bulgaria] Anon. Shortage of influenza vaccines, Novinvite.com, 22 October 2020.

[Croatia] Anon. Chief Croatian epidemiologist gives hope in stagnation of new cases, Croatia Week, 9 NOvember 2020.

[Croatia] HINA, Hospitals to face shortages, Total Croatia News, 9 July 2018

[Cyprus] Evie Andreou, Europa Donna concerned over drug shortage for breast cancer [faslodex], Cyprus Mail, 30 September 2020.

[Cyprus] Lizzy Ionnidou, Drug shortages continue to dog Gesy [software], Cyprus Mail, 10 July 2019.

[Cyprus] Anon., Minster intervenes to avert medicine shortages, in-Cyprus, 27 October 2015.

[Czechia] Mari Eccles et al., Czechia slams Germany ove durg stockpiling, Politico, 19 June 2024

[Czechia] Ian Scholfield, Czech Repulic to assess impact of national drug shortage measure in the EU, Pink Sheet, 12 February 2024 

[Czechia] Daniela Lazarova, Health Minister promises to resolve medicine shortage within weeks, Radio Prague INternational, 22 August 2023.

[Czechia] Ondre Plevak, Price ceilings on drugs with no alternatives must be raised, Euractiv, 21 February 2023.

[Czechia] Thomas Smith, Medicine shortages and lengthy waitlists, Expats.cz, NOvember 2022.

[Czech Republic] Emily Didili, Czech Republic mulls Sputnik V to make up for vaccine shortage, New Europe, 11 February 2021.

[Denmark] Technical University of Denmark, A new source of a key cancer drug in low supply [vinca], SciTechDaily, 29 September 2022.  The report in Nature is here

[Denmark] Accura, the Danish Medicines Agency powers to prevent supply shortage in light of COVID-19 are no permanent, Lexology, 14 April 2021.

[Denmark] Eric Palmer, Shortages persist in EU after GSK temporarily halted production in Italy, Fierce Pharma, 17 June 2016.

[England, see UK below]

[Estonia] Anon. State draws on medicines crisis reserve for second time, ERR, 8 June 2024.

[Estonia] Hanneli Rudi, Medicines supply difficulties worsen, ERR, 27 December 2023 [stats given].

[Estonia] Anon., 20 proposals received for alleviation of drug shortages, News ERR, 10 January 2020.

[Estonia] Anon., Doctors: Lives at risk due to pediatric pharmaceuticals shortage, News ERR, 6 December 2019.

[Estonia] Marcus Turovski, Drug shortage due to Estonian packaging requirement, News ERR.ee, 23 October 2019.

[Finland] Anon., Finnish firm warns of toilet paper shortage as energy cost wipe out production, YLE.fi, 26 August 2022.

[Finland] Anon.,New decree on fees chargeable by the Finnish Medicines Agency entered into force on 1 June 2021, FIMEA, 1 JUne 2021.

[Finland] Anon, Finland faces flu vaccine shortage, YLE Uutisett, 20 November 2020.

[Finland] Aila Aitamurto, Pharmacists want more flexibility to help manage drug shortages, Yie Uutiset, 29 November 2019.

[Finland], Anon., National shortage of medicines highlighted, News Now Finland, 26 August 2019.

[Finland] Anon., Hard Brexit raises concerns of medicine shortage on both sides of the Channel [esp. Finland], New Europe, 7 February 2019.

[Finland] K. Heiskanen et al. The reasons behind medicine shortages from the perspective of pharmaceutical companies and pharmaceutical wholesalers in Finland. PLoS ONE 12(6): e0179479, 28 June 2017.

[Finland] K. Heiskanen et al., Medicine shortages: A study of community pharmacies in Finland, Health Policy, 118 (2), 11 November 2014.

[France] Hannah Thompson, Ventolin shortage in France: allergy and asthma treatment under strain, Connexion France, 9 Jun 2024.

[France] Anon., French pharmacists strike to highlight drug shortages and demand better pay, RFI, 30 May 2024. See also here, here

[France] Anon, Drugs shortage sees France restart local production, target antibiotics, RFI, 22 February 2023.

[France] Nicolas Berrod, Effets indésirables, pénuries...Le fleau du mésuage des médicaments, Le Parisien, 19 February 2024.

[France] Anon., Bronchiolite: l’épidemie continue à progresser en France, Le Parisien, 2 November 2023.

[France] Frédéric Bizard, Comment éviter la pénurie d’amoxicilline, Radio France, 6 September 2023.

[France] David Sadler, Essential drugs: the government list that angers doctors, Globe Echo, 25 June 2023.

[France] Sarah Elzas, Should France guarantee supply of abortion drugs by producing its own? [US hoarding?] RFI, 25 June 2023.  See also here

[France] Joseph Kennan, Macron seeks more domestic production of [25] key drugs to avoid shortages, Fierce Pharma, 14 June 2023. See also here

[France] Clara Bauer-Babef, French senate confirms alarmng increase of drug shortages, EURACTIV.com, 1 June 2023.

[France] Johanna Amselem, Pénurie d’anti-epileptiques: Il y a urgence pour mon fils, Yahoo, 8 May 2023.

[France] Roselyne Bachelot auditioné, Pénurie de médicaments, France Senat, youtube, 2 May 2023.

[France] Anon.,  France risks abortion pill shortage as US stocks up, France 24, 19 April 2023. See also here, here

[France] Sénat Public, La pénurie en France est plus importante que dans d’autres pays européans, Youtube, 12 April 2023.

[France] Margot Ruault, Pénurie de médicaments. Où en est la production en France? Figaro, 10 MArch 2023. See here, here, here

[France] Ian Scholfield, New French body to lead efforts against drug shortage, Pink Sheet, 7 February 2023.

[France] Anon., French government bans online sales of paracetamol due to drug shortages, AA, 4 January 2023. See also here, here [low prices]

[France] Tiffen Clinkemaillié, Les français consomment trop d’antibiotiques, Les Echos, 18 NOvember 2022. See also here

[France] Andalou, After gasoline, France now faces shortage of medicines, Nation, 21 October 2022. See also here

[France] Miriam Chauveau, La pénurie des médicaments s’aggrave, Les Echos, 30 September 2022.

[France] Matin TV, Les pharmaciens appellent aud droit de substitution, youtube, 20 August 2022.

[France] Diane Cacciarella, Paracétamol: y aura-t-il une pénurie cet été? Pourquoi docteur, 16 July 2022. See also here, here

[France] Anon., Doliprane en rupture de stock, Marie France, 25 April 2022. See also here

[France] Claire, Chapuis et al., Redistribution of critical drugs in shortage during the first wave of COVID-19 in France: from operating theaters to intensive care units. J Pharm Policy and Practice 15(1):28, 1 April 2022.

[France] Joanna York, Cancer in France: 75% of patients affected by medicine shortages, Connexion, 22 September 2021.

[France] Bruno Bonnemain, On FEAM Statement, FEAM video, September 2021.

[France] Anon., Breast cancer and medicine: how the Trodelvy [sacituzumab] shortage threatens the lives of hundreds of French women, Scoop Cube, 10 June 2021.

[France] Patrick Sawer, President Macron accused of managing demand to cope with shortage of Oxford-AstraZenica vaccine, Telegraph, 30 January 2021.

[France] Lina Saigol, Sanofi teams up with BioNtech and Pfizer to help fiz Europes Vaccine shortage, Market Watch, 27 January 2021

[France] Anon., High-risk patients ni France hit by vital medicine shortages, Connexion, 26 November 2020.

[France] Rhagavi Sharma, Didier Raoult faces disciplinary case of pushing hydroxychloroquine, Science. The Wire, 14 November 2020.

[France] Bhavia Mandalia, Medicine shortages to be expected, Pledge Times, 9 November 2020. See also here

[France] Bhavia Mandalia, Shortage of drugs, We have 50 times more rutres in 12 years, Pledge Times, 9 November 2020.

[France] Reuters, France First Paris ignores EU calls to lift export bans on COVID-19 drugs, New York Times, 24 April 2020.

[France] Mohammed Irfan, Coronavirus reveals France’s deindustrialization pitfalls, UR Dupont, 23 May 2020.

[France] Anon., Du cash sur le tarmac: les Américans rachetent les masques destinés pour la France, Paris Match, 2 April 2020. See also here re Canada, Brazil and Germany. Denied by Washington

[France] Anissia Boumediene, Les hôpitaux risquent-ils une pénurie des médicaments utilisés en reanimation, 31 March 2020. See also here.

[France] Ben Hargreaves, Sanofi stresses no shortage due to COVID-19, Pharma Technologist, 17 March 2020. See also here.

[France] Sy Mukherjee, Sanofi readies a new drug supply firm in Europe [for API due to coronavirus], Fortune, 24 February 2020. See also here.

[France] Prashant Yadav, COVID-19 prepoarig for the worst before crisis tsrikes, INSEAD Knowledge, 17 February 2020.

[France] Press release, Coronavirus des impacts a ne pas néglier, Académie national de pharmacie, 12 February 2020.

[France] Ian Schofield et al.,French industry attacks price cut and srug shortage planes, Pink Sheet, 1 October 2019.

[France] Shreyas Tanna, PM meeting prompted by the medicine shortage in France, Medgazette24, 24 September 2019.

[France] Ministère des solidarités et de la santé, Lutter contre les pénuries et améliorer les disponibilités des médicaments en France. Feuille de route, 2019-2022, septembre 2019.

[France] Christopher Hénin et al., Pharmaceutical antitrust law in France, Lexology, September 2019.

[France] Anon., Shortage of medicines in France is putting patients at risk, The Local, 26 August 2019.

[France] Keren Lentschner, Les délocalisations à l’origine de la pénurie de médicaments en France,  Le Figaro, 12 August 2019.

[France] Anon., 1 français sur 4 déjà confronté à la pénurie, France info, 9 August 2019.

[France] Stephen Carroll, French health ministry announces steps to tackle medicine shortage, France 24, 9 July 2019. See press release here.

[France] Anon., L’inquietante pénurie de médicaments, Le Monde, 9 July 2019.

[France] Anon., Pénurie de médicaments: plus un français sur quatre a eu du mal à trouver un médicament courant, Nouvel Obs, 8 July 2019.

[France] Ordre National des Pharmaciens, Ruptures d’approvisionnement et DP-Ruptures [with statistics!!], 4 July 2019.

[France] Alain Astier et al., L’indisponibilité des médicament. Rapport. Académie nationale de pharmacie, 20 June 2018

[France] Anon., On vous explique lapénurie de médicaments qui s’aggrave en France, France TV Info, 29 October 2018.

[France] Anon.,  Boehringer’s France restructure will cull over 200 jobs, Pharmafile, 11 December 2018.

[France] Thierry Boulant, Médicaments: une pénurie aussi dans l’Yonne, France Blue, 30 October 2018.

[France] Yves Sciama, France brings back a phased out drug after patients rebel against its replacement, The Local, 27 September 2017.

[France] Evie Burrows-Taylor, Levothyrox: the controversy over one of France’s most commonly prescribed drugs explained, The Local, 24 August 2017.

[France] Anon., Chemotherapy: there’s a shortage of treament in Auxerre, Sivertimes, 9 July 2017.

[France] Pascale Santi, Des centaines de médicaments vitaux en rupture de stock, Le Monde, 9 January 2017.

[France] Hugo Jalinière, Pénurie des médicaments: un dysfonctionnement organisé?” Science et Avenir, 10 August 2015.

[France] Daniel Rosenweg, Ruptures de stock dans les pharmacies, Le Parisien, 10 August 2015.

[France] Anon., Médicaments, ruptures de stocks, ruptures d’approvisionnement : une problématique polymorphe, diversité d’origines, solutions plurielles, Académie nationale de pharmacie, 20 March 2013.

[France] Laurent Vissuzaine, Pourquoi votre pharmacien manque de médicaments, La Republique des Pyrénées, 17 July 2012.

[France] Sébstien Krebs, Medicaments: la pénurie gagne la France,  Europe 1, 3 October 2011.

[France] Angela Bolis, Dans un marché mondialisé, les pénuries de médicaments s’intensifient, Le Monde, 29 August 2011.

[France] Pénurie de médicaments: Plusieurs explications, France Soir, 3 August 2011.

[Germany]  Mari Eccles et al., Czechia slams Germany ove durg stockpiling, Politico, 19 June 2024

[Germany] Laura Alviz, Germany into third month struggling to access life-saving HIV ddrug, Bloomberg, 11 March 2024.

[Germany] Anon., German Bundestag – Union calls for intiatives against drug shortages, Breaking latest, 19 November 2023.

[Germany] Anon., Ozempic..Germany considering export ban, Breaking latest, 18 November 2023. See also here

[Germany] Anon., Karl Lauterbach wants to promote drug production by law, Breaking Latest News, 20 August 2023.

[Germany] Ute Eppinger, German experts suggest how to avoid future drug shortages, Medscape, 9 June 2023.

[Germany] Erbil Basay, Antibiotic shortage crisis deepends in Germany. AA.Com, 7 May 2023. See also here, here, here, here, here

[Germany] European pediatricians sound alarm over medicine shortage, Business Recorder, 29 April 2023. See also here, here

[Germany] Anon., Drug shortage is catastrophic – in the middle of scarlet fever, penicilling is missing, Breaking Latest, 23 April 2023.

[Germany] Anon. Pharmacists warn, after Easter there is a threat…, Breaking Latest, 12 March 2021. See also here

[Germany] Sabine Kinkartz, German ministry confronts drug shortage, DW, 18 February 2023.

[Germany] Anon., Germany faces severe drugs shortage, Minute Mirror, 3 January 2023. See also here, cancer drug shortage,

[Germany] Anon., German doctors’ union urges against drug imports from China and India, AA, 26 December 2022.

[Germany] Ayhan Simsek, Germany faces drugs shortage amid surge in flu, AA, 18 December 2022. See also here, here, here, here, herehere [hamstering]

[Germany] Sabine Kinkartz, Germany sees alarming shortage in essential medicines,  DW, 24 July 2022. See also here

[Germany] Brian Park, Fresenius Kabi launches generic iodinated contrast medical agent to alleviate shortage, eMPR, 18 July 2022. See also here

[Germany] David Wallace, German tamoxifen shortage shows consequences of cost containment. Pink Sheet, 17 February 2022.

[Germany] Forence Jenkins, Measures against shortage of breast cancer drugs [tamoxifen], Munich Eye, 13 February 2022.

[Germany] Caroline Copley et al., As vaccine nationalism deepends, governments pay to bring production home, Reuters, 12 March 2021

[Germany] Dwanhi Mehta, Germany’s Spahn: Another 10 weeks of covid vaccine shortage likely,  FX Street, 28 January 2021.

[Germany] Fraiser Kansteiner, Boehringer Ingelheim quietly culls decades-old hypertension med [clonidine] after October recall, Fierce Pharma, 8 January 2021.

[Germany] Ralf D. Hess et al., Drug shortages in Germany– a critical appraisal, RAPS, 28 May 2020. As of 6 January 2020, the German Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices (BfArM) listed 280 human pharmaceuticals (not including vaccines) for which there were transient supply shortages. By comparison, there were only 176 such shortages reported in the whole of 2019.2 By 28 April 2020, 444 pharmaceuticals had already been listed.

[Germany] Jeanne Whalen et al, N95 mask scramble pits US against Germany Canada Brazil, Washington Post, 4 April 2020

[Germany] Natalie Rhodes, Corruption and the coronavirus, Transparency International, 18 March 2020.

[Germany] Andreas Rostek-Buetti, Will COVID-19 exacerbate drugs shortage in Germany? [already 277 drugs in short supply], DW.com, 3 March 2020.

[Germany] Denis Bedoya, Germany Brexit PANIC: market warned Brexit will CRUSH German pharmaceutical sectxor, Infosurhoy, 26 December 2019. See also here.

[Germany]  Anon., Santa comes early for convincing Boris victory but so does flu, EUReporter, 18 December 2019. [mentions plan to require manufacturers to report shortages]

[Germany]  Kyle Blankenship, Merck and the Machine: German pharma tests real-time platform to forestall drug shortages, Fierce Pharma, 15 October 2019.

[Germany’ Ludwig Burger, Fresenius says tighter EU rules could trigger antibiotic shortage, Reuters, 5 June 2019.

[Germany] Thomas Seythal, Germany warns of medical products shortage if Brexit chaotic: paper, Reuters, 28 March 2019.

[Germany] Scarlett Furlong, Medical cannabis crisis in Germany amid rising prices, supply shortage, Talking Drugs, 9 August 2017.

[Germany] Ulrike Heimes, Lieferengpass bei Medikamenten: Gefahr für Patienten? Das Erste, 2 December 2015.

[Germany] Anon., Lieferengpässe bei Medikamenten, Deutscher Bundestag, 28 October 2015.

[Germany] Wolfgang Mulke, Warum Lieferengpässe bei manchen Medikamenten zunehmen, WAZ, 17 March 2014.

[Germany] Anon., Lieferengpässe bei einigen Medikamenten, Die Welt, 14 February 2014.

[Germany] Anon. German pharmacists criticise discount contracts amid mounting drug shortages, IHS, 17 October 2013.

[Germany] Error! Hyperlink reference not valid., Pharmafirmen verschleppen Maßnahmen gegen Medikamenten-Mangel, Zeit Online, 20 December 2012.

[Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, etc] GaBi, BIosimilars and cancer drug shortages in Europe, Pharma News, Generics and Biosimilars Initiative, 18 November 2011.

[Greece] Tasos Kokkinidis,  Patient in Greece took his own life while waiting for drug, Greek Reporter, 13 March 2024.

[Greece] Magda Panatsopoulou, More drugs in short supply than official list, AA, 24 April 2023.

[Greece} Deriya G. Ozcan, Greece, Italy facing peristent drug shortages, AA, 2 February 2023.

[Greece] Anon., Greece takes measures to tackle drug shortages, Reuters, 4 January 2022. See also here, here

[Greece] Yiannis Papadopoulos, HIV drug shortages leading to gaps in treatment, eKathimerini.com, 25 February 2016.

[Greece] Steve Brozak, Greece is on the verge of a health catastrophe, Forbes, 15 July 2015.

[Greece] Annalisa Merelli, Greece’s next big problem: medicine shortages, Quartz, 7 July 2015.

[Greece] Rose Troup Buchanan, Greek debt crisis: food and vital drug ‘shortages’ ahead of historic referendum tomorrow, The Independent, 4 July 2015.

[Greece] Ben Hirschler, Row breaks out over Greek medicine supplies, Reuters, 3 July 2015.

[Greece] Julia Kollewe, Drugmakers draw up plans to ease medicine shortage in Greece, The Guardian, 20 June 2015.

[Greece] Stephen Beard, Pharmacist rejects creditors’ prescription for Greece. Marketplace.org, 26 June 2015.

[Greece–see also Europe above] Andrew Jack and Kerin Hope, Athens urged to import generic drugs, Financial Times, 17 March 2013.

[Greece] Karolina Tagaris, Greek health system in poor condition, Globe and Mail, 14 June 2012

[Greece] Lizzy Davis, Greek debt crisis: chronic drug shortage risking lives of the sick, Guardian, 8 June 2012.

[Ireland] Bernie English, Limerick pharmacists join forces to tackle shortage of 400 prescribed drugs, Limerick Post, 5 July 2024. See also here

[Ireland] Eilish O’Regan, Cancer drugs and antibiotics among over 300 medicines now out of stock in Ireland, Irish Independent, 26 May 2024.

[Ireland] Garreth MacNamee, Paramedics told to give asthma pathients unlicensed medicines due to shortages, Extra.ie, 28 December 2023.

[Ireland] Eilish ORegan, Medicine shortage worse than last winter, 332 remedies low in stock, Independent, 4 December 2023.

[Ireland] Anon., Ireland’s drug shortage problem is worst yet, The Times, 29 May 2023.

[Ireland] Eilish O’Regan, Asthma inhalers and epilepsy drugs amoung 247 medicines now out of stock in Itrish pharmacies, Independent, 20 February 2023. See also here

[Ireland[ Brian Carey et al, Fixing Ireland’s broken medicines supply chain, The Sunday Times, 15 January 2023. See also here

[Ireland] Jack Quann, Parkinson’s patient slams ‘unacceptable’ drug shortage, NEwstalk 11 January 2023.

[Ireland] David Kent, Medicine shortage worsens as 212 products out of stock, Irish Examiner, 8 January 2023. See also here, here, here, here

[Ireland] Dominic Coyle, Medicine shortage exacerbated by inflexible pricing, The Irish Times, 11 December 2022. [187 medicines in shortage, 40 per cent single supplier]. See also here.

[Ireland] Chloe Kent, Medicine shortage risk builds in Ireland[ currently 180 medications in short supply, Generics, 21 October 2022.

[Ireland] Niamh Griffin, Shortage of life-changing epilepsy drug is causing huge stress, Irish Examiner, 5 October 2022.

[Ireland] Michael Staines, This is actually a disgrace. Ireland facing major HRT medication shortages, Newstalk.com, 18 February 2022.

[Ireland] Niamh Griffin, Arthritis drug [tocilizumab] used to treat COVID-19 in short supply, Irish Examiner, 14 July 2021.

[Ireland] Colin Gleeson, Shorla Pharma seeks FDA approval for oncology drug SH-111, Irish Times, 22 April 2021.

[Ireland] Ray Gordon, Supply disruption [in TEPEZZA for thyroid disease] due to government-mandated Operation Warp speed, Business Wire, 17 December 2020.

[Ireland] Sylvia Thompson, We have to make sure we are the oracle on scientific information about vaccines, Irish Times, 7 December 2020.

[Ireland] Mary Corcoran, Patient was facing a break in their chemotherapy if I couldn’t get the drug: Cork pharmacist highlights issues in sourcing vital medicines, EchoLive, 28 July 2020.

[Ireland] Hayley Halpin, A shortage of menopause drugs in Ireland is causing inconvenience and distress for women, The Journal, 21 February 2020.

[Ireland] Dominic Coyle, Azure seeks to protet Ireland against medicine shortage, Irish Times, 20 January 2020.

[Ireland Darragh Bermingham, Cork TD highlights conern at shortage of epilepsy medication, Echo Live, 20 November 2019.

[Ireland] Ciara Phelan, Dublin Woman’s anger over having to barter with breast cancer patients to access life-saving drug [tamoxifen], Irish Mirror, 15 October 2019. See also here.

[Iceland] Asha Edmonson, Medication shortages across the country, Grapevine, 28 July 2022.

[Iceland] Greta Sigridur Einarsdottir, Common drug shortages upset cancer patients, Iceland Review, 19 September 2018.

[Ireland] Nick Paul Taylor, Ireland details efforts to mitgate impact of no-deal Brexit on device suppply, RAPS, 19 September 2019.

[Ireland] Eilish O’Regan, Patient care hit by drug shortages, pharmacist warns, Independent, 6 July 2019.

[Ireland] Anon., Changes implemented to enable more people to access affordable healthcare, Irish Examiner, 25 March 2019.

[Ireland] HPRA, DRAFT: Medicinal Product Shortages: A framework for a multi-stakeholder approach to handling shortages of human medicinal products. May 2018. See also here.

[Ireland] Colm Kelpie, Warning over Irish drugs shortage risk in hard Brexit, Belfast Telegraph, 31 August 2017.

[Ireland] Aaron Rogan, Drug shortage ‘due to HSE’s overspending, Ireland. The Times, 19 June 2017.

[Ireland] Allison Bray, Patients’ distress over cancer drug shortage ‘not acceptable’, Independent.ie, 20 May 2017.

[Ireland] Paul Cullen, Cancer patients hit by shortage of chemotherapy drugs, Irish Times, 18 May 2017. See also here.

[Ireland] Anon., HSE says it may take weeks to clear delays, RTE News, 31 October 2015.

[Ireland] Eric Palmer, Drug shortages in Ireland getting worse, Fierce Pharma, 23 July 2013.

[Italy] Deriya G. Ozcan, Greece, Italy facing peristent drug shortages, AA, 2 February 2023.

[Italy] Anon., Farmindustria: reduced drug shortage alarm. [3000 shortages], Breaking Latest, 19 January 2023.

[Italy] Anon., Minister Schillaci initiates checks on drug shortages, Breaking Latest News, 11 January 2023. See also here, here

[Italy] Poppy Wood, Italy blocks A-Z vaccine shipment to Australia as vaccine shortage escalates, City AM, 4 March 2020.

[Italy] Global Data Health Care, Covid-19 impact on Italy’s widespread pharmaceutical CMOs, Pharmaceutical Technology, 28 April 2020.

[Italy] Eric Palmer, Shortages persist in EU after GSK temporarily halted production in Italy, Fierce Pharma, 17 June 2016.

[Italy] David Jolly, Italy fines Novartis and Roche in Collusion Case, New York Times, 5 March 2014.

[Italy] U. Tirelli et al., Oncologic drug shortages also in Italy, European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences, 16 (1): 138-139, Jan. 2012.

[Latvia] Lienne Barisa-Semule, Latvia looks for ways to fight medicine shortages, LTV De Facto, 4 December 2023.

[Latvia] Dinija Jemeljenova, Local producers cannot solce Latvia’s acute medicine shortage, LSM.lv, 30 January 2023.

[Latvia] Anon., Health Ministry proposes tighter control of drug stocks at drug wholesalers, News LETA, 3 December 2019.

[Luxembourg]  Maurice Fick, Medicine shortages in LUxembrouge, LCGB calls for a national action plan, RTL, 14 March 2023.

[Luxembourg] Heledd Pritchard, Luxembourg plans to be 3MEuros worth of medical cannabis following shortage, Lux Times, 31 August 2021

[Malta] Jessica Arena, Brexit transport issues cause further HIV medicine delay, Times of Malta, 17 December 2020.

[Malta] Julian Delia, HIV medication shortage is a public health crisis, Times of Malta, 11 December 2020.

[Malta] Duncan Barry, Burinex tablets out of stock, Independent, 13 June 2014.

[Montenegro] Boka News, Komnenovic: TIvat Health Centre urgently needs help, Total Montenegro News, 13 November 2020.

[Netherlands] Diederick Stadig, Dutch medicine shortage gets even worse, ING Think, 26 January 2024.

[Netherlands] Diederick Stadig, The EU’s endless drug shortage, its fragile supply chains and the bizarre crab connection, ING Think, 10 October 2023.

[Netherlands] Anon., Many EU countries concerned about shortage of antibiotics, NL Times, 30 July 2023.

[Netherlands] Anon., Record highs expected for medication shortages in NL this year, NL Times, 3 July 2023.

[Netherlands] Anon., Netherlands hit hard by EU-wide medicine shortage, NL Times, 17 April 2023.

[Netherlands] Sofia Stuart Leeson, Dutch saw new record of drug shortage in 2022, EURACTIV, 16 January 2023. See also herehere, here, here, here

[Netherlands] Ferry Biedermann, New Dutch regulations to alleviate drug shortages, Lancet, 30 July 2022.

[Netherlands] Anon., Leiden medicine factory that was saved by the state is faltering again, Ruetir, 11 June 2022. The letter in Dutch

[Netherlands] Seetha, Catharina Hospital opens its own medicie factory, Eindhoven News, 23 November 2021.

[Netherlands] Anon., Netherlands has shortage of COVID medicine Remdesivir, NL Times, 5 October 2020.

[Netherlands] Anon., Netherland and medicine shortage, Industry Global News, 6 December 2019.

[Netherlands] Janene Pieters, Netherlands to stockpile medicines in fight against shortages; millions saved on expensive drugs, NL Times, 4 November 2019.

[Netherlands] Press Release, Pharmaoffer, a pharma tech start up is fighting global medicine shortage, CISION PR Newswire, 12 March 2019. See also here and here.

[Netherlands] Anon., No Deal Brexit could mean shortages of medicines in Netherlands, Devidiscourse, 23 January 2019.

[Netherlands] Robin Pascoe, Minister to talk to Novartis after five-fold cancer-drug price hike, Dutch News, 10 January 2019.

[Netherlands] Anon. Netherlands aims to ensure stable drug supply after shortage [sets up reporting centre], Pharma Letter, 12 June 2017.

[Netherlands] Janene Pieters, Shortage of arthritis drug sulfasalazine looms, NL Times, 3 November 2016.

[Netherlands] Janene Pieters, Prescriptions drug shortages plaguing Netherlans, Netherland Times, 19 January 2016. Press release in Dutch is here.

[Netherlands and Austria] T.B. Yves Liem et al. Drug shortages: the Experience from Netherlands and Austria, European Journal of Hospital Pharmacists, Feb. 2004.

[Norway] Anon., Latest corona related news in brief, News in English, 6 April 2020.

[Norway] Anon., Pharmacies in Norway lack important medications, Daily Finland, 7 January 2019. See also here.

[Poland] Anon., Poland seeks more flu vaccines amids shortage during pandemic, Federal News Network, 23 September 2020.

[Poland] Anon. Poland suffers drug shortage due to German pharma smuggling mafia, Politiko, 22 March 2018.

[Portugal] TPN, Medication shortage and price hike warning, Portugal News, 24 October 2022.

[Portugal] Anon. Algarve’s HIV drug shortage hits national headlines, Portugal Resident, 1 March 2017. See also here.

[Portugal] Anon., Suppliers blamed for drug shortage, Portugal Resident, 19 September 2012.

[Romania] Radu Dumitrescu, Antibiotics shortage leaves many Romanians without prescribed drugs, Romania Insider, 29 June 0222.

[Romania] Elena Stancu, Romania faces critical shortage of children’s cancer drug, Balkan Insight, 18 March 2019.

[Romania] Anon., Romanian patients facing shortage of essential drugs, Business Review, 6 July 2016.

[Russia] see Media reports – Asia

[Scotland] see UK

[Spain] Anon., Almost 600 common medications in short supply in Spain, Spanish News Today, 9 September 2022.

[Spain] Anon., Distrbution of medicines passes the test of health crisis, Prensa Iberica, The Saxon, 28 June 2021.

[Spain] Anon., Spain willing to use Russian vaccine if the EU authorities approve it, Explica, 1 February 2021.

[Spain] Anon., Spain’s competition watchdog targets radiology drug makers [for creating deliberate shortage of nuclear medicine product], Law 360, 11 February 2019.

[Spain] Emilio del Benito, Spain’s transgender men start menstruating due to drug shortage, El País, 16 December 2016.

[Sweden] Louise B. Rasmussen, Swedish regulator asks doctors not to prescribe diabetes drugs for weight loss, Pharma Live, 11 December 2023.

[Sweden] Monica Kleja, Failing to report drug shortages could now lead to heavy fines, EURACTIVE.com, 28 NOvember 2023.

[Sweden] Tängdén T, Pulcini C, Aagaard H, et al. Unavailability of old antibiotics threatens effective treatment for common bacterial infections. Lancet Infect Dis. March 2018.

[Switzerland] Jessica D. Plüss et al., Battling the rising tide of fake medicine, Swissinfo, 4 July 2024.

[Switzerland] Anon., System battles medical supply bottlenecks with navigation, Mirage News, 18 January 2024.

[Switzerland] Anon., Switzerland is running out of 200 drugs, Le News, 29 December 2023. See also here . For the Swiss drug shortage tracker click here

[Switzerland] Anon., Measles and rubella vaccine shortages hit Switzerland, Swissinfo.ch, 23 November 2023

[Switerland] Timo Kirez, Shortage of medicines forces Swiss pharmacists to adopt unusual methods, AA, 30 June 2023.

[Switzerland] Anon., Morphine shortage ni some Swiss hospitals, Swiss info, 10 May 2023.

[Switzerland] Anon., Swiss pharmacists point out drug shortages. BLitz 13 February 2023.

[Switzerland] Anon. Swiss to buy monkeypox vaccine from France, The Local 25 August 2022.

[Switzerland] Anon., Switerland faces drug shortages, The Local, 21 August 2022.

[Switzerland] Reuters, WHO calls on Roche to ensure fair access to COVID-19 drug amid shortage, Reuters, 18 August 2021. See also here, here.

[Switzerland] Anon., Shortage of more than 400 key medications in Switzerland increases calls for more domestic stockpiles, The Local, 18 July 2018.

[Switzerland] Anon., What’s behind Switzerland’s vaccine shortage, Swiss Info, 20 September 2017.

[Turkey] Nimet Kirac, Turkey’s medicine shortage could turn into drug famine with no end in sight, AI Monitor, 27 January 2023. See also here

[Turkey] Anon., Shortage of drugs to be solved, Daily News, 15 December 2022.

[Turkey] Haza Dost. Red pill or queue pill: How the weak lira is disrpting drug markets in Turkey, Bianet, 7 November 2022.

[Turkey] AFP, Turks hunt for vanishing drugs in currency crisis, Daily Times, 19 December 2021. See also here, here

[Turkey] Anon., Turkey suffers medicine hortage as currency weakens to historical low, Famagusta Gazette, 18 November 2021.

[Turkey] Bengu Arslan and Hassan Onal et al. Synergistic Effect of Quercetin and Vitamin C Against COVID-19: Is a Possible Guard for Front Liners.  Lancet, 16 November 2020 See also https://ssrn.com/abstract=3682517 and here

[Turkey] Anon., Weakened Turkish lira hits pharmacies, drug supplies in Turkey, Stockholm Center for Freedom, 27 October 2018.

[Turkey] Pinar Tremblay, Medicine shortages leaving Turks desperate for help, Al-Monitor, 28 September 2018.

[Turkey] Anon. Pharmacy Chambers blame medical firms for drug shortages [holding out release of drugs till price hike takes effect], Hurriet Daily News, 23 January 2017.

[UK] Neil Trainis, Starmer must appoint a medicines tsar to solve shortages, says NPA, Pharmacy Magazine, 12 July 2023.

[UK] Neil Trainis, Concerns grow over shortages of life-saving [pancreatic] drug Creon, Pharmacy Magazine, 12 July 2024.

[UK] Erin Dean, Parkinson’s suffere unable to get medication, Daily Mail, 12 July 2024.

[UK] David Lipanovic, Half of UK adults affects by drug shortages since 2022, Pharmaceutical Journal, 18 June 2024.

[UK] Denis Campbell, Almost half of UK adults struggling to get prescription drugs amid shortages, Guardian, 16 June 2024.

[UK] Ian Johnston et al. Patients in England ration drugs as supply crisis hits, Financial Times, 29 MAy 2024.

[UK] David Lipanovic, Pharmacists told to issue only one month supply of pancreatic enzyme …, Pharmaceutical Journal, 28 May 2024. 

[UK] Denis Campbell, Medicine shortages in England beyond critical, pharmacists warn. Guardian 9 May 2024. See also here

[UK] Elizabeth Mahase, Doctors are told to ration salbutomol amid shortage, BMJ, 15 March 2024. See also here, here

[UK] Anon, Salbutomol nebulizer shortage hits south Essex, BNN, 1 March 2024. Also here

[UK] Scott Hesketh et al, ADHD drugs shortage fuels online black market, BBC, 28 FEbruary 2024.

[UK] Katie Waple, Epilepsy medication shortage making me anxious sufferer says, BBC, 27 February 2024.

[UK] Denis Campbell, EU plan for medicine stockpile could worsen UK’s record shortages, Guardian,  25 January 2024. See also here.

[UK] Jenna Philpott, Drug shortages challenge type 2 diabetes patients in the UK, Pharmaceutical technology, 26 January 2024.

[UK] Tim Bierley, NHS drug shorates are partly a political failure, Guardian, 22 January 2024.

[UK] Ashna Hurynag, National shortage of epilepsy medication, Sky News, 21 January 2024. See also here

[UK] Daniel Boffey, Health secretary accused of failing to act no shortages of motor neuron disease drug [riluzole], The Guardian, 20 JAnuary 2024. [Maybe we can blame her for the multiple shortages here in Canada too!!!]

[UK] Daniel Boffey, NHS medicins shortage putting lives at risk, Guardian, 14 January 2024. [products in shortage have doubled in 2 yrs]. See also here, here, here, here here

[UK] Johnny Levanier, YEs, there’s still an HRT shortage. No its not the trans community’s fault, Into more, 13 January 2024.

[UK] Susie Beever, Doctors’ fears over explosion in VIctorian disease scabies amid drugs shortage, Mirror, 1 January 2024. See also here

[UK] Longjam dineshwori, Drug shortages in UK reached record high this year, Pharmacy Business, 23 December 2023.

[UK] Jon Coates, Health secretary faces mounting pressure from campaigners to address problems, Express, 9 December 2023.

[UK] Shaun Lintern, ADHD diagnoses are booming but  drugs are running out, The Times, 28 October 2023. See also here, here

[UK] Ian Bostock,  Shortage of scabies treaments significant threat to public health, GPOnline, 19 September 2023. See also here

[UK] Barney Calman Women urged to seek alternative HRT medication, Daily Mail, 8 June 2023.

[UK] Eve Simmons, Multiple sclerosis patients denied vital drug, Daily Mail, 4 MArch 2023.

[UK] Sarah O’Grady, Millions could be left without vital medication, Daily Express, 19 February 2023.

[UK] Aris Angelis et al., High drug prices are not justified by industry’s spending on research and development, BMJ, 15 February 2023.

[UK] Paul Gallagher, Parkinson’s patients suffer devastating effects as GPs switch to cheaper drugs, iNews, 29 January 2023.

[UK] Hannah Kuchler et al. Pharmacists in UK and US report shortage of cold and flu medicines, Financial Times, 5 January 2023. See also here

[UK] Cassie Werber, Why are rich countries facing antibiotic shortages this winter, Quartz, 15 December 2022.

[UK] James Rodger, UK faces shortage of Strep A drug as seventh child dies, MSN, 4 December 2022. See also here, here

[UK] Carolyn Wickware, Fixing the UK’s medicines shortage crisis, Pharmaceutical Journal, 18 November 2022.

[UK-Scotland] Marc Horne, Sterile water shortage raises risks for addicts, The Times, 10 October 2022.

[UK] Julia Robinson, UK govt is preparing guidance to help with type 2 diabetes medication supply issues, Pharmaceutical Journal, 3 October 2022. See also here

[UK] Editorial: It’s time to overhaul the UK’s medicines [ozempic] supply system, Pharmaceutical Journal, 9 Septmeber 2022.

[UK] Anon., What’s behind the UK’s drug shortage, Labmate, 7 September 2022.

[UK] Anon., Schizophrenia drug [aripiprazole] shortage affecting patient care, Pharmaceutical JOurnal, August 2022.

[UK] Isabel Shaw, Millions could be left without vital medication as NHS faces shortage of common drugs, The Sun, 29 July 2022. See also here

[UK] Christopher Sharp, Diabetes: UK short of Novorapid medication, Express, 20 July 2022.

[UK] Gregoire Lautner, Drug shortage due to international affairs, Brexit bureaucrats, World Akkam, 27 June 2022.

[UK] Ellie Cameron, I fear the menopause revolution has led some women to take HRT they don’t need, Daily Mail Online, 25 June 2022. She also here

[UK] Jim Reed, Drug workers warn heroin treatment shortage will cost Lives, BBC, 11 June 2022.

[UK] Jacqui Wise, Why are there shortages of HRT and other things in the UK? BMJ, 18 May 2022. See also here, here, here, here, here

[UK] Kat Lay, Supply shortage hits hay fever medicines, The Times, 8 May 2022. See also here, here,

[UK] Joe Davies, Sajid Javid knew HRT shortage was coming last October but ignored the warnings [because of COVID], Daily Mail, 4 May 2022. See also here, here, here, here, here, here. here, Scotland,

[UK] Gareth Iacobucci, Drug shortages leave primary care staff exposed to abuse from frustrated patients, BMJ, 29 April 2022.

[UK] Liz Hull et al., HRT shortages could push menopausal women into taking their own lives, Daily Mail, 25 April 2022.

[UK] Kate Barnfield, Shortage in menopause medicine forcing women to swap drugs with strangers, Sky News, 17 April 2022. See also here, here, here, here, here, here [sexism] herehere, here, herehere, here, here, herehere, here, here [celeb protests] here [documentary effect increases demand], here, here, here, here, here, here, here

[UK] Mark Samuels, Ministers need a new approach to generic medicine, Pharmaceutical Journal, 13 April 2022.

[UK] Chloe Harman, Extraordinary demand leads to shortage of HRT products, GP, 12 April 2022.

[UK] Sabbah Meddings, Shortage of new antibiotics stokes fears of a silent pandemic, Sunday Times, 19 March 2022.

[UK] Carolyn Wickware, UK government preses ahead with generics reimbursement despite shortage fears, Pharmaceutical Journal, 11 November 2021.

[UK] Rachel Schraer et al., Ivermectin: How false science created a COVID ‘miracle’ drug, BBC News, 6 October 2021.

[UK – N Ireland] Anon., New report sheds light on medicine shortages in Northern Ireland following Brexit, Pharma Times, 28 September 2021.

[UK] Ben Quinn, UK pharmacies in dark about ministers’ plan to maintain drug supplies, Supply Chain crisis, The Guardian, 26 September 2021.

[UK] Alaric DeArment, COVID-19 induced actemra shortage causes headaches, Scrip, 8 September 2021.

[UK-N Ireland] Rodney Edwards, Protocol risks medicines crisis in North, warn drug manufacturers, Independent, 5 September 2021.

[UK] Valeria Fiore, DH flaggged almost 300 medicine supply issues in initial 14 months of pandemic, Chemist and Druggist, 16 August 2021.

[UK] Fraiser Kansteiner, Sanofi, eyeing impurity concerns, pulls hypertension meds in Korea and the UK, Fierce Pharma, 10 August 2021.

[UK-N Ireland] Sarah Neville and Peter Foster, Brexit red tape threatens drugs supplies in Northern Ireland, Financial Times, 18 April 2021.

[UK] Nick Bostock, Rise in medicines shortages adds to intense GP workload pressure, GP Online, 31 March 2021.

[UK] Jon Craig, Pfizer and AstrraZenica deny vaccine shortage, Sky News, 18 March 20201. See also here

[UK] Julia Robinson, Drug shortage means prescribers asked to switch treatment for acute respiratory problems in COVID-19 patients, Pharmaceutical Journal, 19 January 2021.

[UK] Sweta Sharma, Brexit stops life-saving medical cannabis drug supply for epileptic boy, Independent, 6 January 2021.

[UK] Robert Mendick, Vaccine firms hit back at ministers over vaccine shortage, Telegraph, 1 January 2021.

[UK] Anon., COVID-19 beginning of the end for UK, Explica, 7 December 2020. [early vaccine, possible Brexit induced drug shortage.]

[UK] Jack Wright, Brexit no deal could lead to public disorder, Daily Mail Online, 6 December 2020.

[UK] Alya Zayed, Cambs CCO warns residents not to over order prescriptions as a result of second wave and Brexit fears, In Your Area, 30 November 2020.

[UK] Katherne Kallehauge, How does lockdown affect the UK’s [illicit] drug market? No Majesty, 22 October 2020.

[UK] Nick Bostock, Medicines shortages drive up GP workload as prescribing costs surge £158m, GP online, 19 October 2020.

[UK] Denis Campbell, NHS faces drug shortages as Brexit stockpile used in COVID crisis, Guardian, 6 October 2020. See also here and here

[UK] Antonia Paget, Grandfather died after pharmacy prescribed him TEN times usual pain medicination, Daily Mail, 6 October 2020.

[UK] Sarah Bosely, Global shortage of key COVID drug leads to NHS rationing, Guardian, 6 October 2020.

[UK] Katie Weston, Fears mount over global shortage of drug remdeivir after US bought much of works supply, Daily Mail, 3 October 2020.

[UK] Luke Andrews, Doctors told to ration remdesivir, Daily Mail, 2 October 2020.  See also here

[UK] Eliza Slawther, Serious shortage protocol for fluoxetine 40 mg extended to October, Chemist and Druggist, 30 September 2020.

[UK] Clare Dyer, Let pharmacists make minor substitutions in event of drug shortages, BMJ, 17 September 2020.

[UK] Nick Bostock, Medicine shortages spark GP call for laws to let pharmacists alter prescriptions, GP Online, 13 September 2020.

[UK] Jacalyn Duffin, An activist history of drug shortages and its silos, Lancet, 12 September 2020.

[UK] Corinne Burns, First line treatment for bipolar disorder Priadel to be discontinued in UK from April 2021, Pharmaceutical Journal, 21 August 2020.

[UK] Keith Bowman, Hikma Pharma – a Covid-19 winner [US FDA drug shortage assistance award 2016], Interactive Investor ii.co.uk, 7 August 2020.

[UK-Scotland] Hamish Burns, ProFactor Pharma makes breakthrough in bid to end hemophilia drug shortage, Insider.Co.uk, 6 July 2020.

[UK] Priya Kingsley-Adam, Parents from CLare in urgent plea as six year old daughter with epilepsy faces medicine shortage, Suffolk Free Press, 19 June 2020.

[UK] Kate Kelland et al. Steroid drug hailed as breaktrhgouh for seriously ill COVID-19 patients, REUTERS, 16 June 2020.

[UK] Chris McLaughlin, Medicine shortage warning with painkillers, inhalers, and insulin most at risk, Mirror, 13 June 2020.

[UK] Joe Murphy et al., Britain risks shortage of medicines if Brexit talks with EU fail, Evening Standard, 8 June 2020.

[UK] Anon. Corona vaccine trials and plausible treatment options [bans hoarding export], Kalkine Media, 27 May 2020.

[UK] Toni Soniyi, UK bulk buys hydroxychloroquine as potential COVID-19 treatment, This Day Live, 24 May 2020.

[UK] Jamie Nimmo, Drug firm ownders [Hikma] pocket 33M pounds on back of coronavirus epidemic, This Money, 16 May 2020.

[UK] Susan Ringdal et al, Hikma responds to COVID-19 shortage with launch of propofol injectable emulsion, press release, PRN Newswire, 12 May 2020.

[UK] James Tapper, Drug manufacturing must be brought to UK, NHS bosses and charities tell MPs [UK bans on export rise from 29 to 196 since Jan], Guardian, 10 May 2020.

[UK] Tom Morgan, Shortage of ICU drugs means operations cannot be restarted, Telegraph, 9 May 2020/

[UK] Lauren Chadwick, Cornavirus: lifesaving lupus drug in short supply amid hpe as a COVID-19 antidote, Euro News, 25 April 2020.

[UK] Shaun Lintern, Alert issued as intensive care drugs run low, the Independent, 16 April 2020.

[UK] James Cartledge, Government responds to Coronavirus NHS drug shortage fears as death toll tops 10,ooo Birmingham Live, 12 April 2020.

[UK] Jamie Grierson, Coronavirus triggers UK shortage of illicit drugs, The Guardian, 12 April 2020. [heroin users might switch to fentanyl] See also here

[UK] Anon. ICU drug fears, BBC 12 April 2020. Also here

[UK] Zachary Brennan, MHRA blocks 135 drugs from parallel export, RAPS, 31 March 2020.

[UK] Andrew Hill, Will coronavirus lead to drug shortages for the NHS, Guardian, 19 March 2020.

[UK] Abigail Nicholson, Norfolk suffers temporary shortage of antidepressant medication [sertraline], Eastern Daily Press, 13 March 2020.

[UK] Danny Bartlett, Pharmacies need a new way of tackling HRT medicine shortages, Chemist and Druggist, 25 February 2020.

[UK] LaToya Harding et al., Coronavirus: Europe braces for coronavirus induced drug shortages, Telegraph blog, 19 February 2020.

[UK] Dayna Farrington, Drink and drug addiction service funding shortfall plugged [drug price hike owing to shortages], Express and Star, 11 February 2020.

[UK] Corinne Burns, Taiwo Owatemi: Like every pharmacist in the country I’ve been frustrated by medicines shortages, Pharmaceutical Journal, 10 February 2020.

[UK] Sophie Borland et al., Internet chemists cash in amid UK HRT medication shortages, Daily Mail Online, 10 February 2020.

[UK,] Nick Triggle Contraception shortage causing utter chaos, BBC News, 7 February 2020.

[UK] Jemma Crew, Alarm raised as menopause drug shortage strikes UK leaving women in pain, Mirror Online, 7 February 2020.

[UK] James Andrews, Supermarkets are running out of ibuprofen as worldwide shortage continues, Mirror, 6 February 2020.

[UK] Anon., Blackpool woman with depression hit by global drug shortage, BBC, 4 February 2020.

[UK] Amanda Barrell, Will 2020 bring an end to drug shortages, Pharmafield, 3 February 2020.

[UK] Carolyn Wickware, Confidential government documents reveal names of 209 medicine shortages in 2019, Pharmaceutical Journal, 23 January 2020.

[UK] Victoria Rees, Shortage of Accord’s phenytoin sodium expected until May, European Phamaceutical Review, 22 January 2020.

[UK] Victoria Rees, UK records 178 medicine shoretages in 2019, say reports, European Phamaceutical Review, 20 January 2020.

[UK] Thomas Cox, Medicine shortages in pharmacies. Why are they happening? Chemist-Druggist, 17 January 2020.

[UK] Anon. Phenytoin sodium 100mg capsules out of stock, Epilepsy Society, 10 January 2020.

[UK] Denis Bedoya, Germany Brexit PANIC: market warned Brexit will CRUSH German pharmaceutical sectxor, Infosurhoy, 26 December 2019. See also here.

[UK] Denis Bedoya, Boris Johnson urged to end agony of hormone replacement drug, Infosurhoy, 18 December 2019. See also here.

[UK] Preez, Flu cases are now 8 times higher than they were at the same point in the UK last winter [vaccine shortages], Headlinez Pro, 19 December 2019.

[UK] Denis Bedoya, Flu cases have jumped by 25% in a week, Infosurhoy, 16 December 2018.

[UK] Anon., NHS shortage affects cancer, epilepsy and heart drugs [leaked report], Wellston Journal, 29 November 2019. See also here.

[UK] Anon., Drug shortages are fuelling patient complaints, doctors warn, BMJ, 28 November 2019

[UK] Frances Millar et al., Why are we still failing Britain’s women? Scnadal of worsening HRT shortage, Express, 26 November 2019

[UK] Anon., Brexit may cause drug shortages and put lives at risk say experts in a letter to Boris Johnson, Wellston Journal, 26 November 2019

[UK] Valerie Fiore, GPs vote to extend pharmacists’ medicine shortages powers, Chemist and Druggist, 25 November 2019. See also here, BMJ, here

[UK] Anon., Pharmacists warn of a ‘surge’ in shortage of common medicines, Stock Daily Dish, 24 November 2019.

[UK] Toni Hazell, GP view: ranitidine shortages are improving relations with pharmacists, Chemist and Druggist, 21 November 2019. See also here.

[UK] Matthew Holmes, StrattonPrimary School [Gloucestershire] delays flu vacciations because of drug shortages, Wilts Gloss Standard, 20 November 2019.

[UK] Alexandra Thompson, NHS hit by a drug supply shortage, Yahoo News, 20 November 2019.

[UK] Adrian Goldberg, Britain’s unprecedented drug shortage [leaked report], BBC, 19 November 2019. See also hereherehere, here, and here.

[UK] Diane Taylor, NHS running short of dozens of lifesaving medicines, Guardian, 18 NOvember 2019.

[UK] Eleanor Philpott, Government report recommends breaking some tablets in half amid drug shortages, The Pulse, 18 November 2019.

[UK] Editorial, Drug shortages felt across the country. Guardian, 14 november 2019.

[UK] Jeffrey Aronson, When I use a word….defining drug shortages, BMJ Blog, 8 November 2019. See also here and here

[UK] Nick Bostock, BMA demands action to avert crisis as NHS heads for worst winter on record, GP online, 7 November 2019.

[UK] Anon., Epanuitin (Phenytoin infatab 50 mg remain out of stock, Epilepsy Society, 5 November 2019.

[UK] Azeem Majeed, Drug shortages: how GPs are kept out of the loop, Pulse, 25 October 2019.

[UK] Connor Boyd, HRT shortage means it is easier for drug addicts to get heroin than women to get hormone therapy, Daily Mail, 25 OCtober 2019.

[UK]  Jeffrey Aronson, When I use a word…explaining drug shortages,  BMJ, 18 October 2019. Update 15 Nov. … a series.

[UK] Eleanor Hayward, Worsening drug shortages are causing patients to be admitted to hospital, Daily Mail, 16 October 2017.

[UK} Anon., Pharmacies have key role after Brexit, IOM Today, 12 October 2019.

[UK] Joel Cooper, Government issues diet ‘serious shortage’ warning over antidepressant drug Prozac, Devon Live, 11 October 2019.

[UK] Anon., What’s behind UK’s drug shortage, Labmate, 11 October 2019.

[UK] Nicolas Mairs, Chief medical officer warns ‘there may be deaths’ from no-deal Brexit shortages, Politici Home, 10 October 2019.

[UK] Anviksha Patel, government stockpiles 400,000 flu vaccinations in case of no-deal brexit, Pulse Today, 10 October 2019.

[UK] Shreyas Tanna, Major drugs shortage in United Kingston, MedGazette, 10? October 2019.

[UK] Edward Oldfield, Royal Navy and RAF on standby for no-deal Brexit medicines shortage, Plymouth Herald, 10 October 2019.

[UK] Zachary Brennan, UK update on drug shortage plans ahead of looming Brexit deadline, RAPS, 9 October 2019.

[UK-Scotland] Nick Taylor, Scottish government readies ports to mitigate Brexit supply disruptions, PMLIVE, 9 October 2019.

[UK] R.E. Ferner et al., Crisis in the supply of medicines, BMJ, 4 October 2019.

[UK] Rachael Bletchly, I’m facing falling off an HRT cliff because of UK drugs shortage, Mirror, 5 October 2019.

[UK] Mark Chandler, Global shortage of ibuprofen hits UK supermarkets with shelves left empty, Mirror, 5 October 2019. See also here.

[UK] Adam Feuerstein et al., ‘Horrific situation’ What one doctor thinks about drug shortages and how to solve them, Stat News, 4 October 2019.

[UK] Julia Robertson, et al.. Govt issues first serious shortage protocol to combat shortages of fluoxetine, Pharmaceutical Journal, 3 October 2019. [pharmacists can substitute and adjust dose] See also here.

[UK] Victoria Rees, UK government introduces trade restrictions to reduce drug shortages, European Pharmaceutical Review, 3 October 2019.

[UK] Nick Lakin, Lancaster cancer patient (Dr. Jenny Watts), my no-deal Brexit drug shortage fears, Lancaster Guardian, 3 October 2019

[UK] Brett Gibbons, Pharmacists say some medication supplies are running low– here is the list, Birmingham Live, 3 October 2019. See also CornwallCoventry, Edinburgh, and here.

[UK] Thomas Cox, Pharmacy staff suffer shortages in every major medicine category, [ survey results[ Chemist and Druggist, 3 October 2019

[UK] Nicolas Cecil, Health chiefs grilled over risk of no-deal medicine shortage, London Evening Standard, 2 October 2019.

[UK] Hugh Pym, Drug exports restricted to protect NHS patients, BBC, 2 October 2019. [has list] See also the Times and here, here, herehere, and hereList

[UK] Carolyn Wickware, More than 60% of pharmacists spend at least an hour per day of medicines shortages, Pharmaceutical Journal, 1 October 2019.

[UK] Vanessa Chalmers, Pharmacy staff warn they are suffering shortages in EVERY major medicine category, Daily Mail, 30 September 2019. See also here, here, here, here, here, and here.

[UK] Lucy Jones, Prozac stocks running low as NHS warns to limit prescriptions, The Sun, 26 September 2019. See also here.

[UK] Jane Lavender, Brexit could cause shortage of crucial HIV fighting drug for tens of thousands, Mirror online, 26 September 2019. See also here.

[UK-Scotland] Greg Flecker, Dundee woman Mags fears [mental] health crisis over menopause drug shortage, Evening Telegraph, 16 September 2019. See also fears in Gloucestershire and here.

[UK] Lisa Smyth, Concern [that] patients could turn to black market dealers if no-deal Brexit leads to Lyrica shortage, Belfast Telegraph, 14 September 2019.

[UK] Anon., Parrots eat ’em all. A direc scracity of drugs is worsening in part because they are so cheap, Economist, 12 September 2019. See also here.

[UK] Anon., UK gov’t papers warn of ‘extreme risks’ from no-deal Brexit, Al Jazeeera, 12 September 2019. See also here.

[UK] Anon., Why Brexit isn’t the reason behind the NHS drug shortages, Brinkwire, 10 September 2019.

[UK–Scotland] Mandy Rhodes, It’s galling that menopause is seen as yet another thing that women should greit their teeth and get through, Holyrood Magazine, 8 September 2019.

[UK] Lilian Anekwe, Why Brexit isn’t the reason behind NHS drug shortages[blames pharma], Daily Mail, 7 September 2019.

[UK] Faye Brown, ‘Death by Brexit’ trends on Twitter amid Brexit medicine shortages, Metro News, 7 September 2019.

[UK] Tom Cotterill, Boris Johnson blasted by Portsmouth MP for dodging Brexit medicine shortage fears, Portsmouth The News, 4 September 2019.

[UK] Tony Copperfield, Just say no to drug shortages, Pulse Today, 3 September 2019.

[UK] Tony Diver, Jacob Rees-Mogg compares remain-supporting doctor to MMR antivaxxer, Telegraph, 5 September 2019.

[UK] Epilepsy Society reassures people that contingency plans are in place for medicines post-Brexit, press release, 3 Sepember 2019.

[UK] Ross McGuiness, Doctor calls Jacob Rees Mogg a “muppet” after her branded no-deal Brexit deaths warning as “Project Fear,” Yahoo News, 3 September 2019.

[UK] Afroze Fatima Zaidi, People share their concerns as a no deal Brexit may put lives at risk, The Canary, 30 August 2019.

[UK] Vanessa Chalmers, National shortage of common contraceptive pills could lead ot unplanned pregnancies experts warn, Daily Mail, 27 August 2019. See also here and here.

[UK] Victoria Rees, HRT shortage in UK expected to continue until next year, European Pharmaceutical Review, 27 August 2019. See also here. But why are UK women still taking HRT!? See Lancet.

[UK] Corinne Burns, Shortage of epilepsy medicie to continue until end of October, Pharmaceutical Journal, 22 August 2019.

[UK] Anon., Royal colleges and charities write letter to Boris Johnson to warn him lives could be at risk from Brexit-induced drug shortages, Mail, 21 August 2019.

[UK] Abi Rimmer et al., No-deal Brexit may worsen drug shortages, pharmacists warn, BMJ, 20 August 2019.

[UK] Raphael Satter, UK memos warn of Brexit food anddrug shortages, Time, 19 August 2019. See also herehere, here, and here.

[UK] Kate Holton, Leaked documents sho UK face food, fuel and drugs shortages ino-deal Brexit, Huff Post, 17 August 2019.

[UK] Nicola Small, HRT drug takers urged not to resort to foreign websites amid UK shortage, Mirror, 17 August 2019.

[UK] Jason Douglas et al. Britons worry no-deal Brexit will cause drug shortages, Wall Street Journal, 14 August 2019. See also here.

[UK] Rosie Taylor, Drug shortage blamed for bladder cancer deaths, The Times, 13 August 2019. See also here.

[UK] Francesco Guarascio, No deal Brexit could deepen Europe’s shortage of medicines, Reuters, 12 August 2019.

[UK] Epilepsy Society, Shortage of Epanutin (phenytoin) 30mg/5 ml oral suspension, 9 August 2019.

[UK] Chloe Harman et al., GPs may need to switch patients’ HRT as shortages set to increase, GP Online, 9 August 2019. See also here here, here, herehere, and here.

[UK] Sabah Meddings, Diabetics hoard their insulin as fears grow of a no-deal Brexit, The Times, 21 July 2019.

[UK] Beth Gault, Almost half of GPs sa Brexit has increased anxiety in patients, Pulse, 12 July 2019.

[UK] John Smith, Brexit causes shortage of drugs, EuroWeekly, 12 July 2019.

[UK] Jim Millar, Davidsons looks to the future after profit boost, The Courier, 9 July 2019.

[UK]  Sarah Morgan, EMA settles Brexit dispute, Life Sciences Preview, 8 July 2019.

[UK Scotland] Mark McLaughlin, Mentally ill are ‘mopped up by police,” The Times, 27 June 2019.

[UK] Anon., Medicines and medical products supply; govt updates no-deal Brexit plans, Mirage News, 27 June 2019. Press release here.

[UK] Oliver Wright, Drugs to run short within a fortnight of a no-deal Brexit, The Times, 20 June 2019.

[UK] Zara Aziz, Drug shortages are endangering lives and wasting NHS time, Guardian, 11 June 2019.

[UK] Lakshmi PS, Serious shortage protocols for NHS pharmacies to take effect on July1, Pharmacy Business, 8 June 2019.

[UK] Anon., Shortage of Epanutin (phenytoin) 30mg/5mil oral suspension [using Canadian substitute], Epilepsy Society, 7 June 2019.

[UK] Nicholas Mairs, Documents reveal NHS fears over post-Brexit staff exodus and drug shortages, Politics Home, 16 May 2019.

[UK] Adam Howlett, GP surgery warns patients of drugs shortage due to Brexit, Ipswich Star, 15 May 2019.

[UK] Carolyn Wickware, Pharmacists ‘unqualified’ to follow government switching protocols, The Pharmaceutical Journal, 10 May 2019.

[UK] James Waldron, Pharmacy minister faces mounting concerns over epilepsy drug shortage, Chemist and Druggist News, 9 May 2019. See also here.

[UK] Toni Hazell, A GP’s view: how I wish pharmacists could deal with stock shortages, Chemist-Druggist, 2 May 2019.

[UK] Anon., Shortage of Epanutin infatabs 50 mgs will now last until November 2019, Epilepsy Society, 1 May 2019.

[UK] Anon., Brexit is not the only reason for medicines shortages, The Pharmaceutical Journal, 24 April 2019.

[UK] Anon., Real concerns over supply of epilepsy medicine, Zenopa, 23 April 2019.

[UK] Mia de Graaf, More blood pressure pills recalled over carcinogen fears, Daily Mail, 19 April 2019.

[UK] Jenny Cook, Medicine shortages set to continue despite Brexit delay, GP online, 18 April 2019.

[UK] David Woodmansey, Lack of procaine poses ‘acute’ welfare impact, Vet Times, 13 April 2019.

[UK] Gemma Jones, Brexit causing signficiant generic drug shortages: generic firms contest reason for shortages, PM LIVE, 10 April 2019.

[UK] Saira Khan, Brexit has created a pills panic and we need a cure fast, Mirror, 6 April 2019.

[UK] Zachary Brennan, MHRA offers additional no-deal Brexit guidance, Regulatory Focus, 3 April 2019.

[UK] Carolyn Wickware, High Court quashes second request for judicial review of prescription switching protocols, The Pharmaceutical Journal, 2 April 2019.

[UK] Gemma Jones, ABPI calls for temporary medicines export ban if no-deal Brexit strikes, PMLive, 29  March 2019.

[UK] Janet Boyle, Brexit latest: diabetes patients already suffering from shortage of drugs, Sunday Post, 31 March 2019.

[UK] Ana Nicholls, A state of confusion, Pharma Times, April 2019.

[UK] Zachary Brennan, EMA on Brexit risk for drug shortages decreases, RAPS, 22 March 2019.

[UK] Anon., What does the serious shortage protocol mean for people with epilepsy? Epilepsy Today, 22 March 2019.

[UK] Ben Chu et al. Unprecedented drug shortage linked to Brexit, BBC News, 20 March 2019. See also, No deal-preparation falls short.

[UK] Jenny Cook, Drug shortages exacerbated by patients stockpiling ahead of Brexit, GP Online, 20 March 2019.

[UK] Paul Kelso, Brexit information vacuum fueling NHS drug shortages, trust bosses warn, Sky News, 19 March 2019.

[UK] Carolyn Wickware, Pharmacy drug switching protocols a ministerial ‘power grab,’ says shadow health secretary, Pharmaceutical Journal, 19 March 2019. See also here.

[UK] Katie MacFarlane, MP calls for action after epilepsy drug shortage for Barnard Castle schholboy, The Northern Echo, 19 March 2019.

[UK] Julia Robinson, ‘Obviously pressing’ need for pharmacist drug-switching powers behind short consultation says DHSC, Pharmaceutical Journal, 13 March 2019.

[UK] Karen Dawaf Harron, M&A could be the cure for the UK’s threatened pharmaceutical industry [sees Brexit as an opportunity], City AM, 7 March 2019.

[UK] Julia Robinson, Legal proceedings launched against government’s medicines ‘serious shortage protocols,’ The Pharmaceutical Journal, 1 March 2019.

[UK] Clare Dyer, No deal Brexit: allowing pharmacists to substitute doctors’ prescriptions may be unlawful, says public interest group, BMJ, 27 February 2019.

[UK] Carolyn Wickware, ‘Shortage protocols’: how will they help phamacists cope with suppply issues? The Pharmaceutical Journal, 27 February, 2019.

[UK]  Jenny Cook, Patients harmed as drug shortages force GPs to switch prescriptions [survey 586 GP respondents: 90% noticed increasing shortages, more than half “often,” one in seven report patient harm], GP Online, 27 February 2019. See also here.

[UK] Kaye Wiggins, No deal Brexit plans face last-minute lawsuit, Bloomberg, 19 February 2019. See also here and here.

[UK] A GP-pharmacist, It’s time we trust pharmacists to come up with answers to shortages, Chemist-Druggist, 18 February 2019.

[UK- Scotland] Jamie Brotherston, Fears over Westminster Brexit bidto change laws on medication, The National, 17 February 2019.

[UK] Samuel Mayer, UK facing worst medicine shortage in history, Top Health Journal, 13 February 2019.

[UK] Chloe Chaplain, My pharmacist told me he couldn’t get my crucil epilepsy medication due to …Brexit.” iNews, 8 February 2019.

[UK] Anon., Chemists concerned about drug shortfall, Times of Tunbridge Wells,7 February 2019.

[UK] Anon., Hard Brexit raises concerns of medicine shortage on both sides of the Channel [esp. Finland], New Europe, 7 February 2019.

[UK] James Waldron, BMA argues pharmacists new shortages powers are inappropriate, Chemist and Druggist, 7 February 2019.

[UK] Paul Morris, Responding to disruptions in the pharmaceutical supply chain, Pharmaceutical Journal, 6 February 2019.

[UK] Jeremy Watson, Drug shortage could follow no-deal Brexit, warns minister. Scotland. The Times, 4 February 2019.

[UK] Ella Braidwood, Health secretary tells Brits ‘don’t stockpile medicine’ amid Brexit shoretage fears, Pink News, 1 February 2019.

[UK] Edward Baran, A matter of life and death? UK stockpiles drugs as no-deal Brexit feared, Reuters, 31 January 2019. See also here and here.

[UK] Pamela McGowan, Patients urged not to stockpile medicines, despite shortage, News and Star, 28 January 2019.

[UK] Charlotte Davis, Brexit news: Brexiteer Lord Lamont shuts down ‘ridiculous’ no deal claims [on shortages], Express, 25 January 2019.

[UK] Jenny Cook, BMA safety warning as pharmacists gain power to switch prescriptions, GP, 23 January 2019. See also here.

[UK] Ethel Sienna, Drugs shortage of supply list widens, pharmacists struggle to obtain common medicines, Westminster News, 23 January 2019.

[UK] Harriet Pike, GP workloads are made worse by shortages of common drugs, BMJ, 21 January 2019.

[UK] Philippe Huguen, NHS medicine shortage: what medicines are affected, The Week, 18 January 2019.

[UK] Lauren Sharkey, Is Brexit causing medicine shortages? The answer isn’t completely clear, Bustle, 18 January 2019. See also here. Norfolk here and here.

[UK] Catherine Burns, Pharmacists warn of a ‘surge’ in shortage of common drugs, BBC, 18 January 2019. See also here

[UK] Jessie Mathewson, Stop supplying hyptertension drug potentially containing carcinogen, Pulse Today, 16 January 2019.

[UK] Matthew Hudson, Pharmacists report drug shortage amid Brexit uncertainty, Anglia-ITV, 11 January 2019.

[UK] Julia Robinson, Proposals to change legislation to ensure drug supply in case of no-deal Brexit could pose risk to patient safety, Pharmaceutical Journal, 10 January 2019.

[UK] Dan Stanton, UK must avoid no deal Brexit, BioProcess International, 7 January 2019.

[UK] Pete Deveson, Cheer up! it’s not 2020 yet [gloomy satire by a GP on Brexit and health care] Pulse, 2 January 2019.

[UK] John Jeffay, Vets cancel surgery over drug shortage, The Times, 17 December 2018.

[UK] Andrew Carnegie, No deal Brexit could see pharmacists take lead amid drug shortages, PMLive, 13 December 2018.

[UK] Laura Hughes, Health sector warned of 6-month medicine shortages in no-deal, Financial Times, 7 December 2018.

[UK] Alex Matthews-King, Brexit: Chemists could get emergency powers to swap drugs and dosages to precent shortages under teh no-deal outcome, The Independent, 7 December 2018.

[UK] Sarah Boseley, Insulin shortage could affect 40 million people with type 2 diabetes, The Guardian, 20 November 2018.

[UK] Kingsley Napley, NHS guidance on the EpiPen shortage, Lexology, 20 November 2018.

[UK] Adam Payne, Theresa May’s government told leading medical experts can’t rule out medicine shortage after Brexit, Business Insider, 10 November 2018.

[UK] Editorial, Ministers need to act more quickly over medicines shortages, Pharmaceutical Journal, 8 November 2018.

[UK] Neil Trainis, UK faces drugs shortage post-Brexit unless MHRA takes responsibility for licensing, Pharmacy Biz, 31 October 2018.

[UK] Guy Bell, Kent mum hits out at shortage of lifesaving Epipens, Kent online, 15 October 2018.

[UK] David Wooding, Theresa May wants crisis plans in place for a No Deal Brexit if talks fail but critics call it “Project Fear,” The Sun, 6 October 2018.

[UK] Corinne Burns, Shortage of enhanced flu vaccine for over 65s in Scotland, Pharmaceutical Journal, October 2018.

[UK] Theresa Bebbington, UK shortage of Epipens continues with Epipen jr unavailable, Medscape, 25 September 2018.

[UK] Sam Blanchard, Leading insulin manufacturer is stockpiling four months’ supply to preotect diabetics after Brexit, Daily Mail, 5 September 2018.

[UK] Henry Zeffman, No deal Brexit could leave hospitals with drug shortage, say NHS chiefs, The Times, 20 August 2018. See also here, here, here.

[UK] Katie ONeill, Concern about medicine shortage in no deal Brexit, The Times, 8 August 2018. See also here and here.

[UK] Donato Paolo Mancini, Sanofi has been stockpiling drugs for no-deal Brexit for six months, Wall Street Journal, 31 July 2018. See also here, here, here, and here.

[UK] Chris Smyth, Brexit: NHS prepares for no-deal shortage of drugs and doctors, Times, 2 July 2018.

[UK] Isabel Finch, Diamorphine [opioid] shortage now expected to last until September, Chemist & Druggist, 18 June 2018.

[UK] Natalie Rahhal, Is the world on the verge of an antibiotic crisis, Reuters: Daily Mail, 31 May 2018.

[UK] Neil Trainis, Medicines won’t be available in UK post-Brexit unless MHRA-EMA deadlock ends, Pharmacy Business, 17 May 2018.

[UK] Stephen Matthews, Thousands of patients face life or death because of Epipen shortage, Daily Mail, 9 April 2018.

[UK] Tom Seaward, Swindon NHS chiefs hit with 1.2m pounds drugs bill,  This is Wiltshire, 27 March 2018.

[UK] Anon., Sharp fall in long waits for NHS tests for Gwent patients [nuclear medicine drug shortage] South Wales Argus, 26 March 2018

[UK] Neil Trainis, Small number of pharmacies diverting prescription medicines to black market [no shortages yet], Pharmacy Business, 20 January 2018.

[UK] Anon., Drug price manipulations destabilise pharmacy [editorial], The Pharmaceutical Journal, 13 December 2017.

[UK] Anon., Pleas for Brexit deal on medicines amid shortage fears, Daily Mail Online, 12 December 2017.

[UK] Eddie Mair interview with Kay Smith, Mum tells of impact on son when there is a shortage of epilepsy medications [clobazam], Epilepsy Society, 7 December 2017.

[UK-Scotland] Helen McArdle, Price hikes of up to 27 times on everyday prescription drugs compromising patient care, Herald Scotland, 5 October 2017.

[UK] Billy Kenber, Patients hit by shortage of drugs as prices soar, The Times, 7 December 2017.

[UK] Colm Kelpie, Patients face shortage of vital medicine under a hard Brexit, Independent, 31 August 2017.

[UK] Gareth MacDonald, Unorderly Brexit will cause UK drug shortages warn industry groups, in-Pharma, 17 July 2017.

[UK] Roger Moore, Patients at risk due to antibiotics shortage, Virtual College, 24 July 2017.

[UK] Nicola Davis, Antibiotic shortage puts patients at risk, doctors fear, The Guardian, 1 July 2017. See also here.

[UK] Jonathan Gornall, Chemists running out of lifesaving drugs because they have all been sold abraod, Daily Mail online, 12 December 2016.

[UK] Ben Hirschler, Brexit threatens supply of new drugs, Reuters, 2 November 2016.

[UK] Lilian Anekwe, Independants [pharmacies] could face L 2,400 profit loss in wake of Brexit, Chemist and Druggist.co, 25 October 2016.

[UK] David Millett, Drug shortages are ‘harming’ patients, say GPs [results of a survey], GP online, 24 August 2016

[UK] Paul Morris, Medicines shortage management survey [planned by Aston U]  Pharmaceutical Journal, 20 July 2016

[UK] Anon., All party pharmacy group calls for action on drug shortages, Pharmaceutical Journal, 10 June 2016.

[UK] Sophie Jamieson, NHS drug shortages: why are we running out of some treatments in the UK? Telegraph, 29 September 2015.

[UK] Andrew Ward, Investors join push for more transparency on drug trials, Financial Times, 23 July 2015.

[UK] Anon., One in five prescription interventions relate to drug shortages, Pharmaceutical Journal, 15 July 2015.

[UK] John Kay, The true value of a life is not about the pharmaceutical costs, Financial Times, 24 March 2015.

[UK] Anon., Staffordshire cancer victims face having treatments stopped over drug shortage [of BCG for bladder cancer], Stoke Sentinel, 21 January 2015.

[UK], British Association of Urological Surgeons, Update on BCG Supplies, November 2014.

[UK] Anon., Morecambe dad’s fury over cancer drug shortage, The Visitor, 25 November 2014.

[UK] Anon. Group tackles drug shortage, Stoke Sentinel, 11 October 2014.

[UK] In the media, Drug shortage views aired [on BBC], Pharmaceutical Journal, 5 September 2014.

[UK] Stephen Robinson, GP anger over drug shortages, GPonline, 1 August 2014

[UK] Laura Donnelly, Patients being harmed by drug shortages, doctors warn, The Telegraph, 1 August 2014.

[UK] Fiona Barry, UK says hidden drugs shortage ‘getting worse’ as generics supply slows.  In-Pharma Technologist.com, 31 July 2014

[UK] Anon. Patients receiving ‘second choice’ drugs because of supply shortages, Guardian, 31 July 2014.

[UK-Scotland] STV, NHS Grampian apology after drug shortage at Royal Cornhill Hospital [Aberdeen], STV, 8 July 2014.

[UK] Bryce Elder, Hikma on a high from drugs shortage, Financial Times, 2 January 2014.

[UK] Video. Cancer Research express concern over NHS drug shortage, Telegraph, 13 July 2012

[UK] BBC News Wales. NHS drugs: Prioritize patients over exports, says MP, BBC News, 24 June 2012.

[UK] Rowena Mason and Rebecca Smith, Lives put at risk by shortage of drugs NHS leaders warned, Telegraph, 22 June 2012

[UK] Hannah Furness, Drug shortage caused by sales to EU, MPs say. Telegraph, 29 June 2012.

[UK] Denis Campbell, Drug shortages posing threat to seriously ill patients, The Guardian, 23 June 2012

[UK] Sten Stovall, UK Lawmakers say parallel trade causing drug shortages, Wall Street Journal, 15 May 2012.

[UK] Susan Bewley, On securing the supply of effective drugs and eating children, Health Watch, October 2010, scroll down to page 4-5.

[Ukraine] Anon. CNN, Kherson, Ukraine, resident describes a ghost town of exhausted people with acute shortage of medicine, UK News Today, 23 October 2022.

[Ukraine] Talya Meyers, For people living with Chernobyl’s effects, a medication shortage threatens, Direct Relief, 12 April 2022. See also here

[Ukraine] Tailor Stone, Shortage of medicines in Kherson, a city under the control of Moscow, Bobr Times, 31 March 2022.

[Ukraine] Jamie Smyth et al., Western drugmakers walk ethical tightrope over Russian ties, Financial Times, 18 March 2022.

[Ukraine] CGTN, Ukraine faces iodine pill shortage, youtube, 17 March 2022.

[Ukraine] HINA, Croatian ambassador says Lviv needs food, medicines, volunteers, Total Croatian News, 10 March 2022.

[Ukraine] Edit Porkson, the crud account of two Ukkrainian atheletes from Kiev: “there is a serious shortage of medicines,” The Gal TImes, 7 March 2022.

[Ukraine] Anon., War in Ukraine: Children with cancer evacuated but there is a lack of drugs, Reuters, 25 February 2022.

[Ukraine] Anon., Pharma manufacturers hope to simplify procedure for state registration of APIs to overcome deficit, Open 4 Business, 19 December 2020.

[Ukraine] Pavlo Rozenko, From transition plan to life: how the state recongized NGO’s as partners, INterfax, 10 November 2020.

[Ukraine] Igor Kossov, Patient groups warn of deadly drug shortages, Kyiv Post, 18 May 2020.

[Ukraine] AFP, Fear as Ukraine faces HIV drug shortage, Independent Online, 27 May 2015.

[Ukraine] Andrew Roth, In rebel territory of Ukraine, older residents fight to live, New York Times, 15 April 2015.

[Ukraine] URW, Civilians struggle to get medical care, Human Rights Watch, 13 March 2015.