Media USA 2016-2017

Heather Skold, Critical nationwide shortage of saline, KRDO, 22 December 2017. re Arkansas.

Rohit Khanna, Not in my backyard [against cross-border drug buying], PM Live blog, 18 December 2017.

Carey Goldberg, Mass. General Hospital raises red flag about national shortage of IV fluids, CommonHealth, 18 December 2017.

Kim Campbell Thornton, Hurricane Maria’s effects minimal on veterinary drug supply; saline bags on back order, VIN News, 18 December 2017.

Carley Gordon, Shortage of overdose drug Narcan hits Nashville, WSMV, 12 December 2017.

Jack O’Brien, Generic drugs achieve record FDA approvals, aim to lower prices, health leaders media, 12 December 2017.

Mariam Yazdi, Normal saline shortage caused by power outages in Puerto Rico, Nurse.org, 7 December 2017. See re Wisconsin here, re New York here.

Anon., ASHP and partners urge Congress action on drug shortages, Doctors Lounge, 6 December 2017. See also here.

Ethan Jorgensen-Earp et al., Recent Congressional actions bring drug priccing debate back into the national spotlight, Mondaq, 5 Debemer 2017.

Eric Oliver, IV saline product stock improving, but hurricane-caused drug shortages remain, Becker’s ASC, 4 December 2017. See also here.

Maggie Fox, et al., Hurricane Maria drug shortage threatens tiny patients in US, NBC News, 1 December 2017. See also here and here and here and here and here.

FDA, press announcement. Statement by FDA commissioner Scott Gottlieb, MD updating on Puerto Rico related medical product shortages [monitoring 90 products], 30 November 2017.

Mackenzie Bean, 4 things to know about the atenolol shortage, Becker’s Hospital Review, 30 November 2017.

Amy Lipman, Opiate shortage could soon affect hospitals, WPTV Florida, 30 NOvember 2017.

David Ferris, GRID: slow recovery in Puerto Rico threatens an important industry, E and E News, 29 November 2017.

Deborah Simmons, Hurricane Maria causes health scare on mainland [still!], Washington Times, 23 November 2017. See also re Baltimore, here; re Pennsylvania, here or here; re Bay area here; re Denver here; re Oklahoma here; re Washington here.

Christine Blank, How hospitals can cope with IV drug shortages, Formulary Journal, 17 November 2017.

Norbert Sparrow, Who is to blame for the IV bag shortage–Hurricane Maria, resin suppliers, or medical device OEMs? Plastics Today, 16 November 2017

JL Omorodion et al. Shortage of generic neurologic therapeutics: An escalating threat to patient care. Neurology, 16 November 2017.

Topher Avery, Fentanyl shortage delared by FDA as illicit sales soar, Addiction Now, 15 November 2017. See also here.

Robert Langreth and Cynthia Koon, US hospitals face a shortage of this most basic necessity, Bloomberg, 14 November 2017.

American Pharmacists Association, Drug shortages loom from hurricane impaired manufacturing in Puerto Rico, Pharmacy Today, 14 November 2017.

Anon., Healthcare groups urge Congressional action on drug shortages, Newswise, 10 November 2017.

Sylvia Perez, Doctors, patients concerned over shortage of blood pressure drug ‘Atenolol’, Fox Chicago, 10 November 2017. [been going since summer 2017!]

Eric Oliver, AHA urges goernment to resolve drug shortages:3 insights, Becker’s ASC Review, 8 November 2017. See also here.

Anon., Cantrell Drug Company announces reorgnization [a compounding company outsourcing QA]. Business Wire, 7 November2017.

Scott Gordon, Hurricane Maria accelerates slow drip of medical supply shortabes, WisContext, 1 November 2017. See also here. NB a great map of Puerto Rico biotechnology at these reports, and also here.

David Kroll, The US has a fentanyl shortage– in the clinic, not on the streets, Forbes, 31 October 2017.

Michelle Matisons, Hospitals managing post-Maria medical products shortage, Multi-Briefs, 30 October 2017. See also here and here and here.

Katie Thomas, US Hospitals wrestle with shortages of drug supplies made in Puerto Rico, 23 October 2017.

Laura Kelly, FDA: Medical saline bags in short supply in US from Hurricane Maria in Puerto Rico, Washington Times, 23 October 2017. See also here.

Ethan Jorgensen-Earp (Holland Knight LLP), Shortage of relief: recent disasters highlight multifaceted drug shortage problem. Lexology, 19 October 2017

James J. Augustine, The next body blow: rising drug prices, Journal of Emergency Medical Services, 18 October 2017.

Christine Blank, Drug shortages likely after hurricanes, Formulary Journal, 16 October 2017.

Anon., FDA expedites reviews of alternatives to Puerto Rico drugs in shortage, Inside Health Policy, 14 October 2017.

Mike Riggs, The Pros and Cons of a heroin shortage, Reason.com, 13 October 2017.

Melissa Matthews, Flu season 2017: medical supplies shortage could leave US with deadly pandemic, Newsweek, 12 October 2017.

Andrew Kolodny et al. Ten steps the federal government can take to review the opioid addiction epidemic, JAMA, 12 October 2017.

Jordan Ecker, Democrats ponder how to revive antitrust, The American, 11 October 2017.

Natalie Rahhal, Desperate fight to avoid shortage of saline solution in US after hurricane Maria, Daily Mail, 9 October 2017.

Brandi Powell et al. High blood pressure sufferers wonder why a needed drug suddenly in short supply [and higher price], KSTP 5 ABC, 5 October 2017.

Katie Thomas and Sheila Kaplan, Hurricane damage in Puerto Rico leads to fears of drug shortages nationwide, New York Times, 4 October 2017. See also here and here.

Laura McGinley, FDA, industry step up efforts to avert drug shortages after Puerto Rico hurricane, Washington Post, 29 September 2017. See also here.

Anon., Study finds FDA action on unapproved drugs led to higher prices, longer shortages, American Pharmacists Association, 29 September 2017. See also here.

Mackenzie Bean, A proactive approach to drug shortages, 6 strategies from Advocate Health Care’s director of central serviec pharmacy, Beckers Hospital Review, 28 September 2017.

Kate Sheridan, Prescription drug prices could skyrocket following Hurricane Maria destruction, Newsweek, 27 September 2017. See also here.

Peter Loftus and Jonathan C. Rockoff, Baxter says saline shipments disrupted in hurricane-wracked Puerto Rico, Wall Street Journal, 27 September 2017

Joseph Goedert, Lawmakers want answers from HHS on drug shortages caused by cyberattacks, Health Data Management, 26 September 2017. See also here.

FDA press release, Statement from FDA Commissioner Scott Gottlieb … to bring relief …and to prevent critical shortages, 25 September 2017.

Nathan Bomey, Hurricane Maria brings drug manufacturing to a halt in Puerto Rico, USA Today, 22 September 2017. [good stats on the industry]

Eric Palmer, Congress calls on Merck’s Frazier to report on how much havoc malware attack wreaked on manufacturing, Fierce Pharma, 22 September 2017. See also here and here and here and here and here.

Zacharia Hughes, Critical drugs in short supply for AFD and hospitals, Alaska Public Media, 18 September 2018.

Melissa Fassbender, Cost of bad quality is much higher than cost of good quality, PDA task force [on challenges of aging facilities, Outsourcing-Pharma.com, 12 September 2017.

Jenna Morton, Nationwide shortage on popular blood pressure medication [atenolol], WQAD 8, 11 September 2017.

Flora Southey, Ageing facilities and drug shortages: industry concern drives guidance by manufacturers, in-Pharma, 6 September 2017.

Anon., AHF lauds Representative Wasserman Schultz for pressing FDA on key syphilis drug shortage, Business Wire, 5 September 2017

John-Carlos Esrtrada et al., Shortage of widely used prescription drug [atenolol] affects Naples (FL) residents, Wink News, 30 August 2017.

Cory Hepola, Don’t panic over heart medication shortage [atenolol], KARE11.com, 25 August 2017.

Jan Hoffman, Hunting a killer: sex, drugs and the return of syphilis [shortage of antibiotic], New York Times, 24 August 2017.

Anon. Blumenthal to FTC talk with FDA, weigh drug shortages in merger reviews, Inside Health Policy, 24 August 2017.

Rebecca Choate, Democrats ‘better deal priorities aren’t exactly new ideas [re price gouging in shortages] NBC News, 23 August 2017.

Milena McLaughlin, How do antimicrobial shortages differ between high and low income countries, Contagion live, 19 August 2017.

David Belk, Collusion or coincidence: the making of a drug shortage, Huff Post, 18 August 2017. See also here.

Jennifer Wick, Drug shortage: unexpected reward [on Gupta et al below], Pharmacy Times, 15 August 2017.

Jaimy Lee, Bill to allow imported drugs from Canada, MM&M online, 14 August 2017.

Charles Ornstein and Katie Thomas, Generic drug prices are falling, but are consumers benefitting? New York Times, 8 August 2017.

Ropes and Gray, FDA user fee reauthorization legislation enacted by Congress [includes import exemptions for shortages], Lexology, 7 August 2017.

Milena McLaughlin interview. How to remain vigilant with antimicrobial shortages, Contagion®, 6 August 2017.

Arjun Gupta et al., Drug shortage leading to serendipitous adoption of high-value care practice [PPI switch from IV to oral saves $]. BMJ Quality and Safety, 1 August 2017.

Carolyn Y. Johnson, The generic industry has brought huge cost savings. That may be changing. The Washington Post, 1 August 2017.

Jacqueline Belliveau, Hospitals to see 7.61% rise in 2018 prescription drugs [discusses causes of shortages] RevCycle Intelligence, 28 July 2017. see also here and here.

Tina Shively, Area clinic warns of prescription drug shortage, KVUE, 28 July 2017.

Vizient, Inc. Drug Price Forecast offers insights into costs [going up] and pharmacy trends [shortages continue may increase, Business Wire, 25 July 2017. See also here and here.

Milena McLaughlin, What is the best way to determine and alternative agent during a drug shortage, Contagion Live, 21 July 2017.

David Louie, FDA reports a shortage of seven life-saving cancer drugs, ABC News, 20 July 2017.

Anon. Sheriff prioritizes officers amid antidote shortage [naloxone kit], Dubois County Herald, 17 July 2017. See also here and here.

Anon., Athenex Pharmaceutical Division receives FDA clearance to import Sodium bicarbonate … to address U.S. drug shortage, Nasdaq, 12 July 2017.

Milena McLaughlin, Strategies institutions can take to obtain antimicrobials on shortage, Contagion live, 10 July 2017.

Alexa Block, VERIFY: Will sodium bicarbonate shortage affect local hospitals, KREM.com, 9 July 2017. See also here.

James J. Alexander, Drug shortages and rapid price escalation. The latest on the crisis, Journal of Emergency Medicine, 7 July 2017.

American College of Physicians, Generic drug prices increase when market competition decreases, Science daily, 3 July 2017.

Chintan V. Dave et al, Generic drug prices and market competition, Annals of Internal Medicine, 4 July 2017.

Greg Martin, Drug shortages and septic shock: not a good mix, Medscape Oncology, 28 June 2017. Comment on Vail et al. below.

Jess Bidgood, Pharmacist gets 9-year prison term in deadly meningitis outbreak [caused by mold-contaminated substitute used during drug shortage], New York Times, 26 June 2017

Stephen Barlas, Drug industry groups oppose FDA Quality Metrics Plan, P&T Community, June 2017.

Amanda Kelley, First responders sound alarm on cardiac drug shortage, WLWT Cinncinati, 17 June 2017.

Alex Kacik, Hospira recalls sodium bicarbonate vials as the drug shortage gets worse, Modern Healthcare, 16 June 2017. See also Elvidge.

Anon. US FDA updates on Pfizer drug shortages, Reuters, 16 June 2017. See also herehere, and here.

Physicians against Drug Shortages & Philip Zweig (PADS) urges Senate HELP to STOP the artificial shortages and skyrocketing prices of prescription drugs by repealing the misguided 1987 Medicare anti-kickback “safe harbor” provision for healthcare group purchasing organizations (GPOs) and pharmacy benefit managers (PBMs), 13 June 2017.

Thomas J. Bollyky et al. Can Drug Importation Address High Generic Drug Prices, Hutchins Center Working Paper #29, Brookings Institute, May 2017.

Nathan Bomey, How a baking soda shortage became a health care crisis, USA Today, 31 May 2017. See also TopekaTexasmesotheliomasales opportunity (and here and here) as ‘solutions,’

Alex Kacik, Sodium bicarbonate shortage puts surgeries on hold, Modern Healthcare, 26 May 2017.

Todd Ebert, Answer to drug shortages [letter re Bill], New York Times, 25 MAy 2017.

Anon. Bill enourages pharmaceutical drug competition, Life Science Daily, 25 May 2017.

Nicholas Hamm, Could compounding pharmacists solve the sodium bicarbonate shortage, Drug Topics, 25 May 2017. See also here.

Erin Rubin, The sophisticated US healthcare system has a shortage of generic drugs, Non Profit Quarterly, 24 May 2017.

Joy Hampton, National [sodium bicarbonate] drug shortage creates concern at Norman Regional Health Center, Norman Transcript, 23 May 2017. See also Minnesota.

Eric Palmer, Hospitals scramble for sodium bicarbonate, 1 of 8 drugs Pfizer says are currently in short supply, Fierce Pharma, 22 May 2017.

Katie Thomas, A vital drug runs low, though its base ingredient is in many kitchens, New York Times, 21 May 2017. See also here and here.

Keila Guimarães, Pharma’s Big Fail: Benzathine Penicillin shortages are bringing syphilis back all over the world, Quartz, 18 May 2017.

Jill Sederstrom, CDC anticipates yellow fever vaccine shortage, Drug Topics,  15 May 2017.

Anon., NYC: Advocates protest Pfizer over third shortage of key syphilis medication in one year, AIDS Healthcare Foundation, 18 May 2017. See also here.

Gus Bilirakis (Republican Congressman), Lower drug costs through competition and innovation [refers to his bill], Sunshine State News, 15 May 2017. For a similar opinion see here.

Anon. Premier Inc. Survey: Pharmaceutical costs [and drug shortages] remain major area of concern for Healthcare Leaders [press release], Premier Inc. 24 April 2017. For a 2014 survey that said the same thing and detailed costs, click here.

Alex Kacik, Pfizer gets subpoenas amid saline antitrust investigation, Modern Healthcare, 19 April 2017. See also here.

Benjamin J. Davies et al. Access to injectable generic drugs– the case of intravesical BCG for bladder cancer,  N Engl J Med 2017; 376:1401-3, 13 April 2017.

Peter Loftus, Prescription drug shortages help push up prices of similar drugs, Wall Street Journal, 12 April 2017. See also here and here re Davies et al. above.

Eric Palmer, BMS and Pfizer file 16 Eliquis patent lawsuits to waylay generic makers, Fierce Pharma, 12 April 2017.

Anon. Asia Pacific to be growth engine as tuberculosis drugs market surges [contends US shortages owing to this factor], Medgadget, 31 March 2017

Reuters, Drug shortage in 2011 tied to increase deaths [norepinephrine for shock in US hospitals see Vail], Fox News, 22 March 2017. See also here and here.

Emily Vail et al., Norepinephrine shortage and mortality among patients with septic shock, JAMA, 21 March 2017.

Sydney Lupkin, (Kaiser Health News),Shift to start making many drugs under one roof sparks worries about shortages, STAT News, 2 March 2017. See also here and here and here.

Anon. Seven ways hospitals can beat drug shortages and price hikes, Managed Care Magazine, 24 February 2017.

Mackenzie Bean, Five factors driving drug shortages, Beckers Hospital Review, 9 February 2017.

Jennifer McKevitt, Pharmaceutical supply chain gaps force $230M in drug shortage costs upon health care providers, Supply Chain Dive, 8 February 2017.

PharmaTech editors, Drug shortage survey points topharma’s supply chain management weakness, PharmaTech, 7 February 2017.

Eric Sagonowsky, US lawmakers [Bilirakis & Schrader] win bipartisan support for tweaked price-gouging bill, Fierce Pharma, 2 February 2017. See also here.

Brian P. Dunleavy, PEW finds quality issues not the only cause of drug shortages, Contagion Live, 25 January 2017.

PEW Charitable Trust and International Society for Pharmaceutical Engineering, Drug Shortages, January 2017.

Ed Silverman, Bill would speed drug reviews, allow imports to bolster competition, Stat News, 23 January 2017. See also here.

Pat Anson, ‘Confusing’ email warns of drug shortages in Florida [licence suspension for opiods] Pain News Network, 21 January 2017.

Jennifer Barrett, Drug shortage prompts FDA toallow use of EU-approved product (alitretinoin for cutaneous Kaposi’s sarcoma), Pharmacy Times, 17 January 2017.

Zachary Brennan, Drug compounding with bulk substances: FDA offers interim policies, RAPS, 16 January 2017. See also Michael Mezher

Anon., International Society for Pharmaceutical Engineering and the Pew Charitable Trusts release report on Drug Shortages, Benzinga, 10 January 2017.

Anon., Texas sues FDA over withheld execution drugs, RT America, 5 January 2017. See also here and Michael Barajas here and Kendall Grove, here (27 April 2017).

Edward Yardeni, Has shortage of new drugs pushed up prices of old drugs? Newsmax, 5 January 2017.

Diane Mastrull, Helping hospitals track counterfeit drugs [and shortages] is this start-up’s Rx, Philly.com, 30 December 2016.

Jean Friedman-Rudovsky, Stortage of injectable estrogen unnerves transgender community, The Inquirer, 18 December 2016.

Christopher Thomas, National drug shortage impacts ENC [eastern North Carolina], Public Radio East, 13 December 2016.

Anon., AHF blasts Pfizer over shortage of syphilis medication Bicillin on heels of CDC report showing skyrocketing infection rates, Business Wire, 8 December 2016.

TRT editor, Public health experts call on FDA to better manage injectable estrogen shortage process [awaiting approval of new raw ingredient], Rainbow Times, 6 December 2016.

Tabitha Holland, Stocks to watch for: Merrimack Pharmaceuticals-inc [has approval of new product during Doxil shortage] Newburgh Press, 2 December 2016.

Beth Jones Sanborn, Staffing shortages top list of C-suite concerns in economic outlook, Premier says [also drug shortages], Healthcare Finance, 28 November 2016.

Clara Rodriguez Fernandez, Sanofi quiety leaves bladder cancer patients in the lurch, Labiotech.eu, 22 November 2016. See also here and here.

Benjamin Davies, Sanofi shuts down cladder cancer drug production, Forbes,17 November 2016.

Mary Sell, Bill would allow firing squad as death choice [Alabama], Times Daily, 5 November 2016.

Karen Weintraub, Saving Ava: a mother refuses to accept shortage of cancer drug, STAT, 31 October 2015. See also, Jana Jones and Jennifer Titus, 17 October 2016.

Phillip Zweig, Time to free a controlled marketplace for generic drugs [op ed], Barron’s, 15 October 2015.

Eric Sagonowsky, Random ‘unpredictable’ drug price hikes send costs skyward at US hospitals, Fierce Pharma, 12 October 2016.

Kayla Ruble, More obstacles delay trans women’s access to injectable estrogen, Vice, 11 October 2016.

Josh Bloom, Escalating drug prices not all what it seems, American Council on Science and Health, 4 October 2016.

HRC [Human Rights Campaign] Staff, HRC takes action on injectable estrogen shortage, HRC.org, 23 September 2016

Da Hee Han, Prostate, lung [testicular] cancer drug currently in shortage [etopophos], MPR, 19 September 2016.

Anon., Some suggest nitrogen for Ohio executions and lethal injecxtion drug shortage, Idea Stream, 9 September 2016.

Daphne Chen, It’s not just Epipens: drug prices rising across the board, Desert News, 5 September 2016.

Amy Faith Ho, Iron curtain of drug pricing will topple the healthcare system [GPOs and secrecy], The Hill, 2 September 2016.

Agnes Shanley, Sterile injectables shortages: Can innovation end a crisis, PharmaTech News, 2 September 2016.

Editorial, Senators silent on EpiPen issue, Nashua Telegraph, 30 August 2016.

Robert King, FDA partly to blame in EpiPen price debacle[blog], Washington Post, 27 August 2016.

  1. Wong, Schrader bill would speed up federal drug review, Portland Tribune, 26 August 2016.

Katie Thomas, Painted as EpiPen villain, Mylan’s chief says she’s no such thing [she earned $19M in 2015], New York Times, 26 August 2016.

The Editorial Board, Another drug pricing rip-off [EpiPen], New York Times, 25 August 2016.

Rita C.Peters, When marketing and medicine collide [prices too high e.g., EpiPen], Pharmtech, 24 August 2016.

Nikole Robinson Carroll, Drug shortage stops executions in Nevada, KNPR Nevada Public Radio, 17 August 2016.

Jill Wechsler, Drug shortages raise economic and ethical challenges, PharmExec, 12 August 2016.

Molly Redden, Shortage of estrogen drugs in US worries trans women: it’s my peace of mind, The Guardian, 9 August 2016.

Jill Wechsler, Quality manufacturing key to stemming drug shortages, Pharm Tech, 2 August 2016.

Eric Palmer, To avoid shortages FDA allows imports from 8 drug plants banned for quality shortfalls, Fierce Pharma, 25 July 2016.

Anna Edney, Facing [cancer] drug shortage, US relies on banned Chinese plant, Bloomberg, 22 July 2016.

Alexander Foster et al. FDA releases draft guidances on compounded drugs, helps ot answer “when are they copies?” JD Supra, 20 July 2016.

Zachary Brennan, GAO on drug shortages: FDA’s prioritization of generic injectables and ANDAs [abbreviated new drug applications] is helping, RAPS, 13 July 2016

Da Hee Han, Amneal initiates temporary import of cancer drug [bleomycin] due to shortage, MPR, 13 July 2016.

WNPR News, Acute drug shortages forcing workarounds in hospitals, Managed Care Magazine, 12 July 2016. See also Becker’s.

Cara Rosner, Acute drug shortages force hospitals to adapt, CT Post, 11 July 2016. See also here.

Mackenzie Bean,  GAO: fewer new drug shortages while ongoing shortages remain steady, Becker’s Hospital Review, 11 July 2016

Jonathan J. Cooper, Advocates hope shaming drugmakers discourages price spikes, The Rundown, 10 July 2016.

Christine Blank, New bill [CREATE bill] aims to support generic, biosimilar drug competition, Modern Medicine, 6 July 2016.

Meg LaTorre Snyder, A CMO with a hand in parenteral drugs [a paen to Baxter], Pharmapro magazine, July 2016

Henry I. Miller, We are endangered by drug shortages and the FDA shares the blame, Forbes, 6 July 2016.

Kevin E. Noonan, The CREATE ACT of 2016: Senate listens to generic industry, JD Supra Business Advisor, 23 June 2016.

Gabriella Ciuffetelli, Watchdog [GAO] says DEA [drug enforcement agenc]y failures lead to drug shortage, Washington Examiner, 22 June 2016.

Sara Racliffe, Bill won’t lower drug prices, Sacramento Bee, 20 June 2016.

ISPE, Recognizes leaders in drug shortage prevention at 2016 annual FOYA Awards Banquet [Baxter and Janssen], press release, 8 June 2016.

Rachel Lutz, During penicillin shortage prioritize treatment of pregnant women, Pharmacy Times, 3 June 2016.

Zachary Brennan, FDA bans imports from Teva’s Hungary plant except for two drugs in shortage, RAPS, 2 June 2016.

Austin Frakt, Drug prices too high? Sometimes, they’re not costly enough, New York Times, 30 May 2016.

Viswanath Pilla, Five things to know about Sun Pharma’s US grand jury subpoena, Live Mint, 30 May 2016. [generic prices too high]

Valerie Lapointe, Hospital drug shortages: What is really causing them? [about GPO’s], Medill Reports, 26 May 2016.

Eric Palmer, Pfizer drug shortage causes issues for syphilis treatment, Fierce Pharma, 26 May 2016.

Rae Ellen Bichell, Penicillin shortage could be a problem for people with syphilis, NPR, 23 May 2016.

Jackie Syrop, Drug shortages continue despite federal law to prevent them, AJMC.com, 14 May 2016

Christina Fan, Fresno officials concerned with shortage of syphilis fighting drugs, ABC News, 17 May 2016.

Aviva Rutkin, Lethal injections under threat after US drug firm [Pfizer] pulls plug, New Scientist, 17 May 2016.

Seth Millstein, Will any states have to give up the death penalty [Pfizer], Bustle, 13 May 2016.

AP, Texas fighting order to disclose execution drug supplier, Kristv.com, 11 May 2016.

Anon. Interphex 2016 press release [Dr. Stephen Spielberg] Benzinga, 5 May 2016.

Michelle Andrews, Shortages grow for lifesaving ER drugs study finds, NPR, 2 May 2016.

Ziba Kashef, Shortages in nations’ drug supply persist despite federal efforts, Yale News, 2 May 2015.

Serene I. Chen et al [A. Venkatesh at Yale]. Despite Federal Legislation, shortages of drugs used in acute care settings remain persistent and prolonged, Health Affairs, May 2016.

AFP, Will US secrecy laws boost the death penality, Daily Mail, 21 April 2016.

Maurice Chamma et al. How the Drug shortage has slowed the death penalty treadmill, The Marshall Project, 12 April 2016.

Alex Hein, Shortages of Essential Drugs are becoming frequent globally, Fox News, 4 April 2016.

Anees Chagpar, America’s ongoing lack of generic drugs is a matter of life and death, Quartz, 3 April 2016

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Portable Pharma manufacturing system produces drugs on demand, Pharmaceutical Processing, 1 April 2016. See also APA report 4 April 2016.

Duane Morris, FDA implements expedited review of ANDA submissions for “sole-source” drug products, Lexology, 31 March 2016.

Kathleen Ruddy, Rationing childhood cancer drugs is unacceptable, Inside Sources: Politics, 30 March 2016.

Wes Duplantier, Blumenthal seeks answers on whether health purchasing groups [GPOs] are costing consumers [and causing shortages], New Haven Register, 28 March 2016

John Linehan, Drug compounding: cause and cure for high drug prices, Pharmaceutical Executive, 23 March 2016.

Jeff Lagasse, Healthcare Supply Chain Association lauds FDA prioritization of ‘sole source’ generic drug applications, Health Care Finance, 22 March 2016

Michael Alkire, Unpacking drug price spikes, Health Affairs Blog, 21 March 2016.

David Salazar, Teligent launches Cefotan, Drug Store News, 21 March 2016. See also Mike Botta, 23 March 2016.

Zachary Brennan, FDA to prioritize generic drug applications for ‘sole source’ products, RAPS, 14 March 2016.

Edward A. Bell, Drug shortages pose challenges, spark open communication in US health care, Infectious Diseases in Children, March 2016.

Adam Rubenfire, Hospitals surviving the drug shortage by eliminating the middleman [GPO’s], Modern Healthcare, 9 March 2016. Also in Craines, 10 March 2016.

Alanna Durkin Richer, Virginia Senate OKs use of electric chair admidst drug shortage,ABC News, 7 Match 2016.

Valerie Lapointe, The high price of prescription drugs: a hard pill to swallow, Medill Reports Chicago, 3 March 2016.

Maria Hernandez, Guam feels effect of asthma medicine shortage, Pacific Daily News, 26 February 2016.

David Ferguson, Providers must inform patients how the prescription drug shortage impacts their care, Fierce Pharma, 25 February 2016. See also Hensall and Wolf below.

Todd Ebert, Connecticut hospitals navigating new cost, supply challenges [psalm to GPOs], New Haven Register, 25 February 2016.

Jason de Bruyn, Drug shortage over; Heat Biologics stops enrolling trial patients, Triangle Business Journal, 25 February 2016.

Wendy F. Hensall & Leslie E. Wolf, Hospitals rationing drugs behind closed doors: a civil rights issue, The Conversation, 23 February 2016.

Alfred Engelberg et al. Addressing generic drug unafforability and shortages by globalizing the market for old drugs, Health Affairs Blog, 23 February 2016.

Eric Palmer, FDA allows banned China plant to ship chemo API [daunorubicin for Kaposi’s, leukaemia and lymphoma] that is in short supply, Fierce Pharma, 22 February 2016. See also Michelle Maskaly, 23 February 2016.

Zachary Brennan, FDA allows banned Chinese firm to shop chemotherapy [daunorubicin] into US as shortage threat looms, RAPS, Regulatory Affairs Professionals Society Focus News, 18 February 2016.

Lydia Ramsey, We’re running out of drugs and the consequences could be disastrous, Business Insider, 17 February 2016

Susan Lehmann, Two Children are sick. There’s medicine for one. Who gets it? Who decides? New York Times podcast, 12 February 2016.

Meghan Ross, 7 drug shortage findings health-system pharmacists should know, Pharmacy Times, 12 February 2016.

Edward Shensky, Drug shortages are forcing treatments to be rationed, The National Law Review, 10 February 2016.

Max Nisen, The real lesson of the Shkreli Circus, Bloomberg Gadfly, 5 February 2016.

Michael Kopcha, Modernizing Pharmaceutical manufacturing to improve drug quality, FDA Voice, 1 February 2016.

Sharon Lurye, Facing critical drug shortages, doctors must decide which kids get chemo, Pilly Voice, 1 February 2016.

Robert Glatter, Pediatric oncologists offer recommendations for allocating scarce chemotherapy drugs during drug shorages. Forbes, 31 January 2016.

Yoram Unguru et al.An ethical framework for allocation scare life-saving chemotherapy and supportive care drugs for childhoood cancer, J National Cancer Institute, 29 January 2016. See press release.

Zachary Brennan, WHO offers new plan to limit drug shortages, RAPS, 29 January 2016

Sheri Fink, Drug shortages forcing hard decisions on rationing treatments, New York Times, 29 January 2016. Also Alaska Dispatch News.

Anon. Alexander says despite extra $1B to speed generic drug approvals,FDA process still slow. Chatanoogan, 29 January 2016.

Todd Ebert, Congress should act to help reduce generic drug price spokes, The Hill- Congress Blog, 28 January 2016.

Erin Blakemore, Drug shortages in American ERs–mosty of lifesaving medicines to treat infectious or poisonings–have increased more than 400 percent, Wahsinton Post, 22 January 2016. For the actual study see Hawley below, or click here.

Megan Scudellari, Drug shortages in emergency rooms rising. The Boston Globe, 18 January 2016. For the actual study see Hawley below, or click here.

Anon. Drug shortages in US emergency rooms on the rise, Fox News, 15 January 2016.

Phillip L. Zweig and Robert A. Campbell, Blumenthal’s silence defeaning on root cause of surging generic drug prices, Register Citizen, 10 January 2016.

Shannon Firth, Commercially driven spike in drug shortages endangers lives, Truthdig, 8 January 2016.

Sanjay Gupta, Spike in drug shortages worries ER Docs, Medpage Today, 7 Jan 2016.

Lillianna Byington, Study: Emergency rooms drug shortages quadruple over 8 years, The GW Hatchet, 6 Jan 2016.

Michael Hiltzik, The FDA can single-handedly reduce drug-price gouging. Why is it waiting Los Angeles Times, 5 January 2016

Francie Diep, American Emergency Rooms are facing critical drug shortage, Pacific Standard, 5 January 2016.