Media USA 2022 –

Meghan Hollohan, High school footbll coach unable to get chemo [cis-platin] due to shortage, dies, Yahoo, 30 April 2024.

Marta Wosinska, Drug shortages: a guide to policy solutions, Brookings, 13 March 2024.

Austin Ownbey et al., Federal Regulators examine the role of drug supply middle men on drug shortages, Mondaq, 7 March 2024.

Quincy Preston et al. Mark Cuban’s Cost Plus Drugs to begin manufacturing drugs, Dallas INnovates, 6 MArch 2024. See also here, here

Ge Bai, How to cut the Gordian knot of drug shortages, Forbes, 3 March 2024.

Kevin Dunleavy, CDC warns of shortage of tetanus shots in US [Sanofi only maker], Fierce Pharma, 1 March 2024.

Ashleigh Furlong, Does climate change cause drug shortages, Bloomberg, 1 March 2024.

Lia de Groote, Califf lays out drug shortage landscape, Endpoints, 28 February 2024.

Anna Brown, Amman Pharma receives FDA warning over repeated violations, Endpoints, 28 Feburary 2024.

Catherine Sweeney, With syphilis on the rise some doctors ration penicillin, NPR, 26 February 2024. See also here, here, here

Zoey Becker, House Democrats press Teva, Pfizer and Sandoz on drug shortages, Fierce Pharma, 22 February 2024. See also here, here

Christina Jewett, US agencies [FTC and HHS] start inquiry into generic drug shortages, New York TImes, 14 February, 2024 [checking out GPOs]. See also here, here, here, here,

Claudio Tartaglia, Shortage of dessicated thyroid tablet, EIN Presswire, 13 February 2024.

Miranda SChmalfuhs, Using AI to solve drug shortage problems, Pharma Exec, 12 February 2024.

Ed Silverman, Aurobindo cuts production at a key facility [in India] amid shortage concerns, Stat News, 9 February 2023.

ZOey Becker, ASCO official [Julie Gralow] brings chemo shortage recommendations to COngress, Fierce Pharma, 9 February 2024.

Emma Sullivan, Experts urge Congress to combat US drug shortage by requiring transparency, UPI, 6 February 2024.

Kristina Abovyan, Drug shortage can put patients’ lives at risk, experts warn [Congress], ABC NEws, 8 February 2024.

Anna Edney, US leans on India’s pharma industry to snub China, Bloomberg, 5 February 2024.

Ashley Gallagher, 72% of pharmacy technicians report workflow affected by drug shortages, Pharmacy Times, 30 January 2024.

Reuters, Rise in reports of fake weight-loss drugs linked to shortage of real thing, WHO says. Reuters, 30 January 2024.

Raj Singh, How healthcare leaders can address the sterile drug shortage, Forbes, 25 January 2024.

Steven Colvill et al., Demand-side reforms to prevent drug shortages: Medicare’s role in a successful nation strategy, Health Affairs, 2 January 2024.

Jessica Glenza, Generic drugs in the US are too cheap to be sustainable, The Guardian, 18 January 2024.

John Semley, Amid a national shortage, the US adderall black market is booming, The Guardian 17 January 2024.

Paige Twenter, 5 new drug shortages in 2024, Becker’s ,13 January 2024.

Nathaniel Weixel, FDA allows imports of syphilis drug [Bicllin LA .. penicillin G] from France amid nationwide shortage, The Hill, 10 January 2024. See also here, here, here, here, here

Tom Murphy et al. More adults sought help for ADHD during pandemic contributing to drug shortages, AP, 10 January 2024. See also the JAMA study, and here

Carolyn Brown, US states want to buy cheap drugs from Canada–and the FDA says yes after three year delay, BMJ, 9 January 2024. See also here, here, here. On Alex Azar see here.

Berkeley Lovelace jr, FDA allows Florida to import prescription drugs in bulk from Canada, NBC News, 5 January 2024. See also here, here, here

Anon. Supply interruptions of first and 2nd line drugs to treat tuberculosis…, MMWR 5 January 2024. See also here

Jessica Glenza, US faces tragic rise in syphilis cases with life-saving drug in short supply, Guardian, 5 January 2024.

Caitlin Owens, Low prices are contributing to American’s drug shortage problem, Axios, 5 January 2024. See also here

Y Tony Yang, Addressing the drug shortage crisis in oncology, JAMA Oncology, 4 January 2024.

Kristina Jenei et al, Shortages of essential cancer medicines: who is responsible and what are the possible solutions, Lancet, January 2024.

Michael J. Pappas, Stopping American’s prescription drug shortage, Washington Times, 27 December 2023. See also here

Stephanie Trunk, CMS implementing Inflation Reduction Act for drug pricing, National Law Review, 26 December 2023.

MArta Wosinska, Drug shortages in Major economic developments of 2023, Brookings 21 December 2023. (scroll down)

Cecilia Garzella, ADHD drug prices increase during nationwide shortage, USA Today, 21 December 2023. See also here, here

Christina Jewett, Possible ways to ease drug shortages, New York Times, 19 December 2023.

CHristina Jewett, Behind the shortage keeping cancer patients from chemo, New York Times, 19 December 2023. See also here

Geeta Pillai, US drug shortages need for accountability, BNN Breaking, 18 December 2023. See also here

Sally Pipes, Reining in the true culprit behind critical medicine shortages [PBM–Pharmacy Benefit Managers], News-Press, 17 December 2023.

Fraiser Kansetiner, House lawmakers threaten FDA with subpoena amid probe into inspections overseas, Fierce Pharma, 15 December 2023. See also here, here

Paige Twenter, 12 drugs now in shortage, Becker’s, 15 December 2023.

Ken Alltucker, Biden’s InflationReduction Act targets lower prescription drug prices, USA Today, 14 December 2023

Analisa Romano, How Denver-based Staq Phrama plans to help with the nation cancer drug shortage, Denver Business Journal, 12 December 2023.

Anon., Many Americans impacted by widespread drug shortages, NBC, 8 December 2023.

Meg Tirrell, Klobuchar questions drug company behind 10-fold spike in the price of lead poisoning antidote, CNN, 7 December 2023. See also here

Emily Tucker, Why we’re stuck in a constant cycle of drug shortages, New York TImes, 6 December 2023. See also here here here

Jennifer Byrne, ASCO issues clinical guidance for alternative treatments during oncology drug shortages, Healio, 28 November 2023.

Anon. President Biden announces new actions to strengthen American’s supply chain, White House, 27 November 2023. See here, here, here, here, here here

Angus Liu, CEOs of JJ, Merck, BMS called to testify on drug prices, Fierce Pharma, 21 November 2023.

Angus Liu, WIth filing in Sanofi and Mylan insulin lawsuit, FTC amps up scrutiny on pharma’s patent tactics, Fierce Pharma, 21 November 2023.

Zoey Becker, Amid ADHD drug shortage, industry group points a finger at government manufacturing restrictions, Fierce Pharma, 20 November 2023. See also here, here

Fraser Kansteiner, Senate Democrats demand answers around Beyfortus (RSV antibody) shortage in US, Fierce Pharma, 20 November 2023. See also here, here here

Editorial, Are generics too cheap for their own good?, Bloomberg 17 November 2023. See also here

Yuki Noguchi, Many generic drugs are in short supply, NPR, 11 November 2023.

Tna Reed, High demand fuels drug shortages, Axios, 9 November 2023.

Pandora Dewan, America’s secretrive drug shortage explained, Newsweek, 9 November 2023.

Amanda Musa, Common antibiotics are still in shortage as strep cases rise, CNN, 8 November 2023.

Brittany Trang, Drug shortages are a national security issue, STAT News, 7 November 2023.

Ike Swetlitz, Congential syphilis kills hundred in US amid shortage of treatment, Bloomberg, 7 November 2023.

NAthaniel Weixel, House GOP opens probe into FDA response to drug shortages, The HIll, 3 November 2023.

Sydney Lupkin, Drug shortages train hospitals, NPR, 2 NOvember 2023.

Arianna Johnson, Infant RSV antibody shortage: here are the CDC recommendations, Forbes, 30 October 2023.

Erika Edwards, Minoxidil shortage creates issues for some dealing with alopecia, NBC, 30 October 2023.

Tina Reed, Shortage of RSV drug [Beyfortus] for infants puts docs on alert, Axios, 24 October 2023. See also here, here, here, here

Ashleigh Hollowell, Care quality affected by drug, equipment shortages, survey says, Beckers, 24 October 2023.

Yuki Noguchi, Why drug shortages continue and how one woman [Laura Bray] is fighting back [ANGELS FOR CHANGE], NPR, October 2023.

Sara Sirota, The Dirty secret of drug shortages [GPOs], Policy Brief, American Economic Liberties Project, 19 October 2023. See also here, here

Maya Goldman, Medicare’s plan to fix major drug shortages has big gaps experts say, Axios, 19 October 2020.

Jessica Glenza, Soaring congential syphilis rates in US risk lives of thousands of babies, The Guardian, 17 October 2023.

Haley Weiss, One Year later where’s all the Adderall, Time, 17 October 2023.

Joseph Choi, House Democrats demand answers on year-long Adderall shortage, The Hill, 12 October 2023.

Tarini Sharma, ADHD shortage is causing real pain, New York Times, 9 October 2023.

Joe Harris, ADHD drug maker (Ascent) suing DEA over shortage of ADHD effectively shutting down manufacturing, WOWT, 6 October 2023. See also here

Zoey Becker, Extremely concerning, chemo shortage persists despite FDA’s efforts, Fierce Pharma, 6 October 2023. See also here

Dani Blum, the Wegovy shortage drags on leaving patients in limbo, New York Times, 5 October 2023. See also podcast, Washington Post

Jacqueline Howard, US syphilis cases are rising and STD clinics warn they’re struggling to find crucial antibiotic, CNN, 3 October 2023.

Meg TIrrell, THe most prescribed antibiotic in the US [amoxicillin] is in short supply. See why, CNN, 23 September 2023. See also here

University of Cambridge, How new model [Civica]] boosts supply and lowers prices for generic drugs, press release, 21 September 2023. Full article. See also here

Tom Krauss, Congress can and must act to help alleviate unprecedented drug shortages, The Hill, 20 September 2023.

Carter Dredge et al. Vaccinating health care supply chains against market failure: the case of Civica Rx, New England Journal Catalyst, 20 September 2023

Shi En Kim, Why there’s a serious cancer drug shortage, and how to fix it, Scientific American, 18 September 2023. See also here, here

Joseph Antos et al., Price controls worsen American’s drug shortage, The Hill, 16 September 2022. See also here

John Wilkerson, Civica Rx considers moving into chemo drugs and shortages worsen, STAT news, 14 September 2023.

Anna Edney, Congress is finally ready to work on drug shortages, Bloomberg, 13 September 2023. See also here, here

Jacqueline Howard, Cancer experts demand action to end ongoing drug shortage, CNN, 13 sepetember 2023. See here

John Wilkerson, White House touts steps to stem shortages of cancer treatments, STAT news, 12 September 2023.

Ayesha Rascoe, A year on, the national shortage of Adderall persists, NPR, 10 September 2023.

Gabrielle Etzel et al., Biden drug price negotiations risk shortages of key class of drugs, Washington Examiner, 9 September 2023. More opposition

Gabrielle Etzel, Laxative shortage sweeps US, Washington Examiner, 9 September 2023.

PAige Haeffele, 15 medication shortages ASCs should monitor, Beckers, 31 August 2023.

Fraiser Kansteiner, GOP governors want Congress to take action on drug shortages, Fierce Pharma, 31 August 2023.

Sheryl Gay Stolberg et al. Biden Administraion unveils first drugs for medicare price negotiations, New York Times, 29 August 2023. See also here

Jessica Karins, Drug makers find little federal response to CO2 shortage, Inside Health Policy, 28 August 2023.

Ike Swetlitz, Adderall-Alternative vyvanse approval set to ease ADHD drug shortage, Bloomberg, 25 August 2023. See also here and here

Joe Lancaster, Government continues to deny its role in Adderall shortage. Reason, 25 August 2023

Melody Chang, Grappling with ongoing cancer drug shortages, Am Journal of Managed Care, 24 August 2023.

Berkeley Lovelace jr et al. Price gouging of chemo drugs hits some hospitals hard, NBC News, 16 August 2023.

Dave Muoio, Drug shortages for hospital pharmacists to adjust treatments, Fierce Pharma, 11 August 2023. See here, here

Dan Brown et al. The best solution to the drug shortages problem? Public pharmacies. STAT, 8 August 2023. See also here

Jared S. Hopkins et al. Drug shortages are a boon to one industry: compounding pharmacies, Wall Street Journal, 7 August 2023.

Margaret Sibly, Women in 20s and 30s self-diagnosing ADHD create Adderall shortage, Fortune Well, 6 August 2023. See also here

Editorial, FDA has tools to prevent shortages of cancer, ADHD drugs, Bloomberg, 4 August 2023. See also here

Ted Okon, The harsh economic reality of cancer drug shortages, The Hill, 4 August 2023.

Eric P. Winer, Cancer patients should never be put in this situation, CNN, 4 August 2023.

AHA, Letter of support for drug shortage prevention Act, 4 August 2023. See here

AHA, Pfizer implements emergency ordering process for certain sterile injectables, AHA News, 4 August 2023.

Arianna Johnson, Peniciliin shortage explained: increased syphilis rates and amoxicillin shortage fueled crisis, Forbes, 2 August 2023. See also here here

FDA, Letter to Americans on stimulant drugs [ADHD drugs] shortage, 1 August 2023. See also here, here

ASHP, Severity and impact of current drug shortages, report of a survey, June-July 2023, 1 August 2023. See here, here , here

Julie Tsirkin, Bipartisan Senate bill aims to bolster drug supply chain by prioritizing US manufacturing, NBC News, 27 July 2023.

Christina Jewett, Tornado at Pfizer plant likely to worsen shortage of surgical drugs, New York Times, 25 July 2023. See also here here here here here here

Luke Halpern, As chemotherapy drug shortage continues, unimaginable decisions and lacking accountability reign, Pharmacy Times, 24 July 2023.

Nacha Cattan et al.. Key Pfizer plant damaged by tornado in [Rocky Mount] North Carolina, Bloomberg, 19 July 2023. See also here, here,

Jessica Karins, Partisan fight over drug shortages dominates house PAHPA markup, INside Health Policy, 13 July 2023. See also here, here, here, here

Berkeley Lovelace jr, How one US drugmaker [Akorn bankruptcy] contributed to the escalating drug shortage crisis, NBC News, 16 July 2023.

Rita Numeroff, How can we fix drug shortages? Let’s start with Wall Street, Forbes, 13 July 2023.

Jeff Lagasse, Drug shortages lead to higher prices, trouble filling prescriptions, Healthcare Finance, 12 July 2023.

Zoey Becker, FDA allows more imports of key cancer med [cisplatin] from China’s Qilu, Fierce pharma, 12 July 2023. See also here, here

Liz Essley Whyte, American has shortage of key lead-pisoning drug [dimercaprol], Wall Street Journal, 11 July 2023.

Benjamin Ryan, Antibiotic shortage could fuel rise in syphilis rates, New York Times, 7 July 2023. See also here

Norah O’Donnell et al. Cancer drug shortages could put chemo patient treatment at risk, CBS News, 28 June 2023. See also here, here, here, here, here, here, here

Tinglong Dai et al. American’s shaky pharmaceutical supply chain is a prescription for disaster, Barron’s, 28 June 2023.

Krysten Crawford, A novel prescription for combatting drug shortages, Stanford INstitute for Economic Policy Research, 28 June 2023.

Danile Gilbert, How troubles at a factory [Intas] in India led to a US cancer-drug shortage [cis-platin], Washington Post, 27 June 2023.

Ed Yong, The cancer-drug shortage is different [14 essential chemo drugs], The Atlantic, 26 June 2023.

Christina Jewett, How the shortage of a $15 cancer drug is upending treatment, New York Times, 26 June 2023. See also here, here, here

Joanne Eglovitch, Generic drug lobby details extent of US shortages, offers possible solutions, RAPS, June 2023. See also here

Association for Accessible Medicines, White paper. Drug shortages: causes and solutions, June 2023.

Marta Woskinska et al., Federal policies to address persistent generic drug shortages, Brookings, 21 June 2023.

Arthur Allen, Cancer patients can’t get meds as drugmakers drop cheap generics, LA Times, 21 June 2023.

Sohini Das, US drug shortage a shot in the arm for Indian pharmaceuticals, Business Standard, 18 June 2023.

Anna Edney, Cancer drug shortage: Intas Pharmaceuticals India plant quality concerns grow, Bloomberg, 15 June 2023. See also here

Allison Pecorin, Senators propose first step to address US drug shortages by examining supply chains, ABC, 15 June 2023.

Yuki Noguchi, Shortage of cancer drugs carboplatin and cisplatin continues to strain care, NPR, 15 June 2023. See also here

Nathaniel Weixel et al. Oncologists urge congress to act on cancer drug shortages, The Hill, 14 June 2023.

Zoey Becker, Pfizer says penicillin shortage will last into 2024, Fierce Pharma, 14 June 2023.

Edward Hallowell, The real reason ADHD medication is lagging demand, ADDitude, 13 June 2023. [gov’t manipulation]

Phoebe Sedgman, Drug-quality problems overseas ripple through US health care, Bloomberg, 12 June 2023.

Carmel Shachar et al., Pediatric drug and other shortages in the age of supply chain disruption, JAMA, 9 June 2023.

Spencer Kimball, FDA allows import of unapproved Chinese cancer drug [cisplatin], CNBC, 2 June 2023. See also here, here, here

Peter Coy, How to fix the national drug shortage, New York Times, 2 June 2023. [on GPOs].

Mary Ketatos, Cancer drug shortage is forcing doctors to decide which patients get treatment, ABC News, 2 June 2023. See also here, here, here, here

Zoey Becker, FDA can’t solve drug shortages on its own, Fierce Pharma, 31 May 2023. See also here, here, here

Joshua K. Sabari, Impact of COVID-19 on drug shortages, Targeted Oncology, 31 MAy 2023.

US ASPE, Report to Congress, Impact of drug shortages on consumer costs, US Dept Health and Human services, May 2023.

Katie Dangerfield, Shortage of children’s pain meds linked to surge in dosing errors, Global, 31 May 2023.

Katherine Dillinger, FDA issues waning about some compounded versions of semaglutide for diabetes, weight loss, CNN, 30 May 2023.

Anon., A Way out of drug shortages and rationing, WSJ, 25 May 2023.

Paige Twenter, RSV, pneumnia drug falls into shortage, Becker’s, 24 May 2023.

Zoey Becker, Amid US drug shortages, Teva plots cuts to its generics portfolio, Fierce Pharma, 23 May 2023.

Megan Cerillo, Drugs from cancer meds to children’s Tylenol are in short supply in the US, CBS News, 23 May 2023. See also here here

Tina Reed, America’s drug shortages reach new heights, Axios, 22 May 2023.

Lisa Jarvis, How to solve America’s drug shortage problem, Washington Post, 20 May 2023. See also here

Gina Shaw, ASHP raises alarm on cardiac drug shortage, Pharmacy Practice News, 19 May 2023.

Bari Faye Dean, Chemo drug shortage could lead to inferior care, Becker’s, 17 May 2023. See also here, here, here, here, here, here

Christina Jewett, Drug shortages near an all time high. New York Times, 17 May 2023.

Sydney Lupkin, Families scramble to find growth hormone as drug shortage drags on, NPR, 15 May 2023.

Ashleigh Howell, White House quietly assembles team to tackle drug shortage, Beckers, 11 May 2023.

Tyler Patchen, House committee holds hearing to identify root causes of recent drug shortages, Endpoints, 11 May 2023.

RIley Griffin et al., White House assembles secret team to attack drug shortages, Bloomberg, 10 May 2022.

Nishant Pandya, Amoxicillin shortage continues to plague doctors, families, STAT, 8 May 2023.

Jackson Bakich, Mills introduces bill to prevent important drug shortages, The Floridian, 2 May 2023 [notify increase in demand]. See also here

Paige Twenter, Seizure medication gabapentin in shortage, Beckers, 2 May 2023.

Tom Murphy, What’s behind shortages of Adderall, Ozempic and other meds? The Washington Post, 30 April 2023.

Erica Carbajal, Common penicilin type in shortage, Beckers, 27 April 2023. See also here, here

Ashley Hollowell, AHA: Supply chain won’t return to normal anytime soon, Beckers, 26 April 2023.

Robert Kuttner, Drug shortages as an indictment of capitalism, The American Prospect, 24 April 2023.

Bowman Cox, How to prevent parenteral drug shortages as sterilizer capacity tightens, Pink Sheet, 24 April 2023.

Hannah Clarke, BCG drug shortage has led to variation in state treatment patterns for NMIBC, Urology Times, 21 April 2023.

Paige Twenter, 20 drugs have been in shortage for nearly 8 years, ASHP, Beckers, 21 April 2023. See also here

Jamie Ducharme, Why the Adderall shortage has lasted so long, Time, 18 April 2023. See also here, here, here

John C. Goodman, Why are there drug shortages, Forbes, 18 April 2023. [a right-wing view blames FDA and policies]

Alex Janin, As Adderall shortage continues, some patients put lives on hold, Wall Street Journal, 13 April 2023. See also here

Berkeley Lovelace Jr et al., Shortage on 4 cancer drugs creates dire scenarios for patients, NBC News, 11 April 2023. See also here, here, here,

Kim Riley, Capitol Hill lawmakers vow to end US drug shortages, dependency on Chinese harma, Homeland Preparedness, 10 April 2023. See also here, here

Ayesha Rascoe et al., A drug shortage is making it harder for doctors to treat strep throat, NPR, 9 April 2023. See also here

Habibeh Koshbouei, Misuse of Adderall promotes stigma…, Conversation, 7 April 2023.

Paige Twenter, As drug shortages swell, FDA seeks more clarity from manufacturers, Beckers, 6 April 2023.

Celine Castronuovo, Drug shortage response at risk without funds, Bloomberg Law, 5 APril 2023.

Tyler Patchen, FDA issues draft giudance aimed at curbing manufacturing shortages, Endpoints News, 5 April 2023.

Nichole Tucker, Oncology drug shortages persist, calling for solutions. Targeted Oncology, 4 April 2023. See also here, prostate drugs

Melina Wisecup, Over regulation causing drug shortage in US-John Goodman, NTD, 5 April 2023.

Will Phillips, Critical drug shortages on the rise due to lakc of supplier diversity, Supply Management, 4 April 2023.

Paige Twenter, 5 weeks later, Akorn’s closure racks up 14 swelling drug shortages, Beckers, 4 April 2023.

Laura Hobbs, Addressing US drug shortages and drug recalls, American Action Forum, 3 April 2023.

Melody Petersen, 7 key questions about worsening drug shortages answered, Los Angeles Times, 31 March 2023.

Tyler Patchen, After Akorn’s site closures in the US, albuterol remains in shortage, Endpoints, 31 March 2023. See also here

Fraser Kansteiner, As US drug shortages persist, House committee presses FDA for answers, Fierce Pharma, 30 MArch 2023.

Paige Twenter, Rural hospitals could soon have a harder time stocking drugs, Becker’s, 29 March 2023.

Anon., Nitroglycerin shortage hist EDs, Clinical Advisor, 27 March 2023.

Katie Thomas et al., Nitroglycerin a staple of Emergency Rooms is in short supply, The New York Times, 25 March 2023.

Mais Szalavitz, People Can’t Get Their A.D.H.D. Medicine [Adderall], and That’s a Sign of a Larger Problem New York Times, 25 March 2023. See also here, here

Christina Jewett, Rising Rate of Drug Shortages Is Framed as a National Security Threat, New York Times, 22 March 2023. See also here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here

Nathaniel Weizel et al., Senate to dive into vaccine pricing, drug shortages at hearings The Hill, 21 March 2023

Juan Vargas et al., Protecting American’s medical supplies is a bipartisan national security priority, Newsweek, 19 March 2023.

Paige Twenter, 4 pressing drug shortages, ASHP, Becker’s, 16 March 2023. See also here

Jannifer Calfas et al., Shortage of last-ditch drug [Pluvicto] for advanced prostate cancer worries doctors, Wall Stree Journal, 16 March 2023. See also here

PAige Twenter, 16 drugs vulnerable to shortages after US drug company closed, Beckers, 15 March 2023. See also here, here, here, here

Anon., Joe Biden urges other drugmakers to slash insulin prices after Eli Lilly move, Euronews, 3 March 2023. See also here

Elizabeth Napolitano, Albuterol shortage could worsen amid asthma drug maker’s closure, CBS news, 3 March 2023. See also here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here

Kyle Hoelting et al., As shortages onctinue, suppliers, hospitals and health systems look for new solutions, Pharmacy Times, 23 February 2023.

Joseph Choi, Progressives call on FDA to take further action on cold and flu medicines shortages, The Hill, 23 February 2023.

Shyam Bishen et al, Why are there medicine shortages and what is the solution, World Economic Forum, 20 February 2023.

Paige Twenter, US drugmaker (Akorn) closes shop, Beckers, 23 February 2023.

Ben Hargreaves, Three quarters of pharmacists say antibiotic shortage continues, Outsourcing pharma, 20 February 2023.

Cameron English, Podcast: Solving America’s drug shortage. American Council on Science and Health, 15 February 2023.

Elizabeth Cohen et al., Thousands of people can’t get full treatments of a life saving drug [BCG], CNN, 15 February 2023. See also here, here, here, here

Mariana P. Socal et al., Competition and vulnerabilities in the global supply chain for US generic active pharmaceutical ingredients, Health Affairs, 15 February 2023.

Caroline Hopkins, Adderall shortage: Other ADHD drugs affected. When will it end? NBC News, 6 February 2023. See also here, here, here, here

Mandy Gee, Big pharma profiteering brings major medication shortages, Socialist Alternative, 2 February 2023.

Jennifer Walsh, Why critical drug and medical supply shortages keep happening, National Academies, 31 January 2023.

Minje Park et al., Building resilience in US Prescription drug supply chains, Health Affairs, 30 January 2023.

Wilfred Chan, Mysterious US adderall shortage puts ADHD patients at risk, Guardian, 30 January 2020. See also here

Sandra Levy, CVS Walmart cutting pharmacy operation hours, DrugStoreNews, 27 January 2023.

Anon., USFDA gives exception to Glenmark Pharma to supply pneumonia drug from Baddi facility, Money control, 27 January 2023.

Henry I. Miller, Drug shortages are porblem for physicians and patients. There’s a solution [allow foreign manufacturers], American Council on Science and Health, 24 January 2023.

Kushboo Razdan, US drug shortages could worsen in coming months because of China’s health crisis, South China Morning Post, 24 January 2023.

Erin Schumaker et al., Here’s what’s keeping pharmacy shelves bare, POLITICO, 19 January 2023. See also here

Paige TWenter, Local anesthetic drug supply: 132 in shortage, 13 avaiable, Beckers, 19 January 2023.

Paige Twenter, Sic drugmakers are short on heparin, Beckers, 18 January 2023.

Ezekiel J. Emmanuel, How to fix drug shortages with tax breaks, Washington Post, 16 January 2023.

Paige Twenter, 21 drugs in shortage, Becker’s 13 January 2023. See also here, here

Immanuel John Milton et. al. US releases stockpiled Tamiflu supplies, Bloomberg via Yahoo, 12 January 2023.

Paige Twenter, 4 pressing drug shortages. Beckers, 11 January 2023.

Brenda Goh et al, Merck to take legal action against unauthorized distributors of its COVID treatment in China, Reuters, 11 January 2023.

Darius, Tahir, Will new rules make it harder for telehealth patients to get certain drugs [eg Adderall], CBS, 10 January 2023. See also here [impact]

Lucia Stein et al. How rumours of Hollywood’s Ozempic drug use went mainstream, ABC, 7 January 2023. See also here, here, here, here, here

Eric Berger, What does the Adderall shortage in the US mean for ADHD parents, Guardian, 7 January 2023. See also here, here

Ike Swetlitz, ADHD drug shortages affect generic Ritalin, Concerta amid Adderall supply issues, Bloomberg, 5 January 2023. See also here

Paige Twenter, Pediatric pain medication shortage delaying care, Beckers, 5 January 2023.

Hannah Kuchler et al. Pharmacists in UK and US report shortage of cold and flu medicines, Financial Times, 5 January 2023. See also here

Paige Twenter, 12 blood pressure drugs back-ordered partly because of carcinogen, Becker’s 4 January 2023.

Isabel Shaw, Warning of severe Calpol shortage, The US Sun, 4 January 2023.

Steven Keehner, Caution, communication urged amid drug shortages, The Island 360, 4 January 2023.

Garrett Munce, Ozempic shortage demand for diabetes weight loss drugs, Town and Country Magazine, 3 January 2023. See also here, here, here

Brenda Goodman, How one mom headed off a drug shortage, CNN, 29 December 2022. [child with leukemia; started a non-profit]

Anon., National shortage of Tylenol and other medicines [Tripledemic], CBS, 28 December 2022. See also here, here, here, here

Paige Twenter, Congress passes bill with multiple supply provisions, Beckers, 28 December 2022.

Carter Evans, Children’s medication shortage causes drug stores to limit purchases amid tripledemic, CBS, 27 December 2022. See also here, here

Arianna Johnson, What to know about Ozempic, Forbes, 26 December 2022. See also here

Peter Kansteiner, Several generic makers report shortages of Roche’s Tamiflu, Fierce Pharma, 21 December 2022.

Manshur Shaheen et al, Online stores Tylenol price 30-FOLD amid shortages, Daily Mail, 22 December 2022.

Brad Dress, Gottlieb, Drug shortage isn’t like what we had with baby formula, The HIll, 19 December 2022. See also here, here

Kristie Keleshian, Sen. Chuck Schumer offers plan to address national shortage of children’s medications, CBS NEws, 18 December 2022. See also here, here

Derrick Gingery, Supply chain conversations should continue, but industry wants more govenment transparency, Pink Sheet, 17 December 2022.

Kate Baggeley, FDA Drug shortages slightly above nomal heading into 2023, Pharmacy Practice News, 16 December 2022.

Anon., FDA flags shortage of Eli Lilly’s new diabetes drug Mounjaro, Reuters, 16 December 2022.

Paige Twenter, Netflix model for antibiotics has potential to curb shortages, Beckers, 16 December 2022

Marlene Cimons, Why is there a children’s Tylenol shortage, Washington Post, 7 December 2022. See also here, here, here, here, here

Camdyn Bruce, Bipartisan lawmakers push bills to increase domestic pharmaceutical production, Yahoo News, 6 December 2022.

Claire Bugos, Tamiflu and Amoxiciliin are in shortage as flu and RSV continue to surge, Very Well Health, 6 December 2022.

Tanner Group, Managing drug shortages: Getting medicines to patients in need, Pharmaceutical Technology, 6 December 2022. [this is an advertisement]

Mary van Beusekom, FDA leader wants pharma firms to warn of demand spikes ahead of shortages, CIDRAP, 5 December 2022. See also here.

Dylan Scott, Why does the US keep running out of medicine, Vox, 5 December 2022.

Joshua Cohen, As Tripldemic of Flu, RSV, and COVID-19 surges, shortages of drugs having a disproportionate impact on children, Forbes, 4 December 2022.

Tyler Patchen, FDA’s drug shortages leader wants companies to start reporting increases in demand, Endpoints, 2 December 2022. See also here, here

Megan Ranney, Why the US is having shortages of antibiotics now, CNN, 28 November 2022.

Nika Schoonover, Blood bag shortage hinders donations, Beckers, 23 November 2022. See also here

Drew Amerosi, Fludarabine shortage requires flexibility, Healio, 23 November 2022.

Andrew Jacobs et al., Flu and RSV increase demand for antibiotics and antivirals, New York Times, 23 November 2022. See also here, here, here, here, here

Rob Wile, Adderall and Amoxicillin shortages raise questions about transparency and accountability in Big Pharma, NBC, 23 November 2022

Press release, Advocates urge the FTC to investigate GPO’s impacts on drug, medical equipment shortages and rising healthcare costs, American Economic Liberties Project, 22 November 2022.

May Zhou, More than 200 durgs in short supply in US, China Daily, 21 November 2022.

Anon., FDA issues immedicately in effect guidance for compounding of amoxicillin to alleviate shortages, Ohio Board of Pharmacy, 21 November 2022. See also FDA here. And reports here, here, here, here

Rich Garton, United States border city [Detroit] sees children’s medicine shortage, CTV, 17 November 2022.

William Newton, Running low on comparators: navigating shortages in oncology trials, Clinical Trials Arena, 16 November 2022.

Bowman Cox, GLobal Supply chain scrutiny and investment in domestic alternatives for US drug shortsges, In Vivo, 16 November 2022.

Dani Blum, Amid the Adderall shortage, people With A.D.H.D. face withdrawal and despair. New York Times, 17 November 2022. See also here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here. Counterfeit Adderall

Celeste Krewson, How the FDA prevents drug shortages, Contemporary Pediatrics, 15 November 2022.

Anon., Diabetes medication shortage after side effect [weight loss] goes viral [Tik Tok trend], Yahoo, 15 November 2022. See also Australia. See also here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here

Anon., Adderall shortage leads to incrased fear of black market danger, WHIO, 11 November 2022. See also here, here, here

May Van BUsekom, European energy crisis may portend US drug shortages, CIDRAP, 10 November 2022.

Paige Twenter, Fill rate for Tamiflu nearly doubles in one week, Beckers, 9 November 2022.

Paige Twenter, 6 drugmakers short on flu shot, Becker’s, 7 November 2022.

Nikki Attkisson, What parents should know about the amoxicillin shortage, PV Post, 7 November 2022. See also here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here

Ike Swetlitz, Amoxicillin shortage reveals fragility of antibiotic supply, Bloomberg, 2 November 2022. See also here, here, here

Ike Swetlitz, Lilly diabetes drug may see manufacturing delays due to demand, Bloomberg, 2 November 2022.

Anon., US FDA warns of tracheostomy tube shortage, Reuters, 31 October 2022.

Katie Kindelan, FDA warns one type of amoxicillin…. is in short supply, ABC News, 31 October 2022.

Anon., Amoxicillin producers face shortage, Yahoo News, 25 October 2022. See also here

Chloe Kent, Main issue facing generics security of supply is price, Politico panel hears, Genercis Bulletin, 21 October 2022.

Anon., Some US hospitals begin to hold back prescribing Pitocin, WMUR, 16 October 2022. See also here, here

Christina Jewett, FDA confirms widespread shortage of Adderall, New York Times, 13 October 2022. See also here, here

Reuters, US FDA warns of ADHD drug Adderall shortage on Teva manufacturing delays, 12 October 2022. FINALLY! Look back to 3 August and in between. See also here, here, here, here, here The announcement

Paige Twenter, Healthcare supply chain association joins drug shortage initiave, Beckers, 12 October 2022.

Paige Twenter, 125 drugs in short supply per FDA, Beckers, 4 October 2022.

Erin Prater, Adderall shortage..experts say higher demand and the pandemic are contributing, Fortune, 30 Sepember 2022. See also here, here, here, here

Paige Twenter, The 5 most pressing drug shortages in the US, Becker’s, 29 September 2022.

Clifford Rossi, Economics and the risks of FDA’s Quanlity Management Maturity Rating Programme, European Pharmaceutical Review, 28 September 2022

AP, FDA acknowledges delays in response to US infant formula shortage, Business Standard News, 21 September 2022. See also here, here, here, here, here here, here, here, here For the report see here

Sandy Hausman, One town in Virginia is set to become US hub to fill generic drug gap, WBUR, 20 September 2022.

Scott Simon, There’s a nationwide shortage of Adderall, as prescriptions reach an all time high, NPR, 17 September 2022.

Bill Galuccio, Judge rules Obamacare HIV drug coverage mandate violates religious freedom, KFI AM 640, 7 September 2022.

Annalisa Merelli, Is Adderall shortage [for ADHD] due to telehealth prescription, Quartz, 2 September 2022. See also here, here, here, here, here, here here, here, here

Jie Zhang et al., A microbial supply chain [yeast] for production of the anti-cancer drug vinblastine, Nature, 31 August 2022. See also here, here, here, here

AP, Florida sues FDA over delay of low-cost drug importants [from Canada], News Nation, 31 August 2022.

Claire Wallace, 23 GI drugs facing shortages, Beckers, 24 August 2022.

Dan Clarendon, Lidocaine shortage: Local anesthetic is in short supply, Market Realist, 16 August 2022.

Sarah E. Teller, THere’s still a shortage of OUD treatment drugs depite growing need, Legal Reader, 16 August woww.

Abby Reinhard, This common daily medication may become harder to find (Adderall for ADHD]. Best Life, 5 August 2022. See also here, here

Mary Van Beusekom, Emergency services facing critical dextrose shortage, CIDRAP, 4 August 2022.

Fraiser Kansteiner, Teva’s Addderall suffers supply hitch as ADHD diagnoses mount, Fierce Pharma, 3 August 2022.

Michael Walter, 5 recommendations for cardiologists during the dobutamine shortage, Cardiovascular Business, 3 August 2022.

Press release, FDA grants import discretion of Bracco’s idoinated contrast medium Iomeron, Imaging Technology News, 2 August 2022.

Jason Langendorf, Experts worry about the methoadone shortage, Treatment Magazine, 2 August 2022.

MAxine Fritz, How can the pharma industry navigagte the issues in teh global supply chain to minimize drug shortages, Pharma Phorum, 28 July 2022.

Darryl Coote, US to release 786K monkeypox vaccine doses amid shortage, UPI, 27 July 2022.

Brian Harrison et al., FDA induced shortages are nothing new, Newsweek, 22 July 2022. [warning: right-wing vitriol]

Anon., Critical shortage of dextroses, HS Today, 22 July 2022.

Mayo Clinic podcast: Combatting drug shortages, Youtube, 21 July 2022.

Laura Reiley, FDA announces new leadership and structure of food safety agencies, Washington Post, 20 July 2022. See also here.

Nick Paul Taylor, Defibrillators, chest drains added to FDA’s list of device shortages, Med Tech Dive, 20 July 2022.

Troy Lynch, Shortage of bladder cancer medication [BCG] leaves some NH patients waiting, WMUR, 20 July 2022.

Ferdous Al-Faruque, INdustry asks FDA to expand scope of product quality assessment guidance, RAPS, 18 July 2022.

Fraiser Kansteiner, Pfizer, Moderna, and Alylam flag pharma labor shortage, Fierce Pharma, 18 July 2022.

Shelley Wood, Dobutamine shortage a huge problem, TCTmd, 15 July 2022.

MArtine PAris, Why the baby formula shortage continues in the US, Bloomberg, 15 July 2022. See also here, here, here

Anon., Valrico resident works to end drug shortage through Angels for Change, Spot on FLorida, 15 July 2022. See also here

Zachary Brennan, Drug shortages remain low in 2021 as FDA’s prevention efforts grow, Endpoints, 14 July 2022.

Kevin Macdonald, The COVID-19 pandemic highlights instensified drug shortages, Forbes, 13 July 2022.

Anon., Trans community reports testosterone shortage in Nueovo Léon, California 18, 10 July 2022.

Katherine Ellen Foley, Trump-era federal COVID contract recipient [Phlow] has yet to meet major deadlines, Poltico, 9 July 2022. See also here.

MArkwayne Mullin et al., Declaring independence from foreign drug supply chains, The Hill, 8 July 2022. See here, here, here

Helayne Seidman, New York City in grips of Rogaine shortage, New York Post, 3 July 2022.

Bella Carpentier, Mayo Clinic joins End Drug Shortage Alliance amid medical supply chain issues, Post Bulletin, 1 July 2022.

Anon., CVS and Rite Aid limiting “morning after” pill purchases to avoid shortage, CVS News, 28 June 2022. See also here, here

Editorial, Time to take action to stop medical supply shortages, Gloucester Times, 10 June 2022.

John Rigolizzo, Abbott Nutrition reopens baby formula Plant at center of nationwide shortage, The Daily Wire, 4 June 2022. See also here, here

Anon. HOPA survey reveals frequent drug shortages and increased risks for medicaton errors, WFMZ, 3 June 2022. Read A. McBride et al. survey

Angus Chen, How companies are responding to cancer immunotherapy [for myeloma] shortage, STAT 2 June 2022.

Courtney Ryan, Operational transparency mandates help reduce drug shortages, research finds, Science.com, 2 June 2022. The research

Brandon Lee, Baby formula shortage rate jumps to 70%, Bloomberg, 31 May 2022. See also here, here

Courtney Ryan, Operational transparency mandates help reduce drug shortages, research finds. Notre Dame News, 31 May 2022. The report

Eden Gillespie, Australian company to ship baby formula to shortage hit US, Guardian, 29 May 2022.

Lois M. Collins, Insulin prices: why Califronia, Washington and Maine may produce treatments, Deseret News, 28 May 2022.

Jacky Rosen, Bipartisan legislation to advance more options to lower drug prices, Press release, 27 May 2022.

AP, FDA chief struggle to explain slow response on baby formula shortage, Boston Herald, 25 May 2022. See also here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here

Zachary Brennan, FDA spells out the rules and restrictions for states seeking to import drugs from Canada, Endpoints News, 25 May 2022.

Anon. US Pharmacopeia medicine supply map analysis shows increased shortage risk for antibiotics, BIoBuzz, 24 May 2022.

Joseph Keenan, Teva’s halt at troubled plant threatens to create shortages in wide range of injectable meds, Fierce Pharma, 24 May 2022. See also here, here

Sam Hornblower, et al. Medical Middlemen: Broken system making it harder for hospitals and patients to get some life-saving drugs, 60 Minutes. CBS News, 22 May 2022. See also here

FDA, Risk management plan to mitgate the potential for drug shortages, 19 May 2022. See also here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here

Corey Goldberg, Contrast dye is the biggest medical supply shortage since masks, Bloomberg, 19 May 2022. See also here, here, here, here, here, here

Matthew Perrone, FDA head: Baby formula factory could reopen by next week, ABC News, 19 May 2022. See also here, here, here, here, here, here

Mackenzie Bean, US at risk of COVID_19 shortages this summer, Becker’s, 18 May 2022.

Anon., End Drug Shortages Alliance relases market assessment for drugs impacted by manufacturing plant closure. Business Wire, 17 May 2022.

Emily Cochrane, House Democrats release $28 million aid bill to address formula shortage, New York Times, 17 May 2022.

Krista Mahr et al., The Biden administraion and all those empty shelves, Politico, 16 May 2022.

J. D. Davidson, Drug shortage postpones another Ohio execution, The Center Square, 16 May 2022.

David Leonhardt, The Baby Formula Crisis, New York Times, 13 May 2022.

Anon., Major US retailers limit infant formula purchases, REUTERS, 10 May 2022. See also here, here, here, here, here, here, here,

Cailey Gleeson, X-ray dye shortage hinders hospitals [owing to China lockdowns], Becker’s Hospital Review, 10 May 2022. See also here, here, here, here, here,

Edoardo Medina, A nationwide baby formula is getting worse, New York Times, 8 May 2022.

Ed Cara, Injectable naloxone has been in short suppy for a year, GIzmodo, 5 May 2022.

M. Alexander Otto, Unprecedented crisis: Hodgkin drug [dacarbazine] shortage persists, Medscape, 4 May 2022.

Anon., End Drug Shortages Alliance announces Board of Directors, mission, visiion statements in first all-member meeting, Yahoo Finance, 3 May 2022. See also here

Mackenzie Bean, How U Minnesota is tracking crucial drug shortages, Beckers, 20 April 2022.

Ferdous al-Farouq, Medtech industry: FDA emergency product shortage reporting guidance is too broad, burdensome, RAPS, 20 April 2022.

Jose A.Iglesias, Miami Dade police forensics deals with helium shortage, Miami Herald, 19 April 2022

Anna Quintana, ADHD medication has been on the FDA shortage list since 2019, Market Realist, 13 April 2022.

Taylor Telford, Baby formula shortage strains families, Washington Post, 13 April 2022.

Mary Van Beusekom, Supply map created to predict drug shortages, find solutions, CIDRAP, 31 March 2022. Part 2. See also here, press release

Cailey Gleeson, Supply chain map developed to track pharmaceutical ingredients, Beckers, 30 March 2022. See also here.

Anna Edney, Generic drug supply in US is very reliant on India, Bloomberg, 29 March 2020.

Mike Waskovitch, 503B facilities help address drug shortages, Pharmacy Times, 24 March 2022.

Joanne S. Eglovitch, USP supply chain provides early warning of possible drug shortages, RAPS, 22 March 2022. See also here. Warning of packaging issues, see here,

Diego Mendoza, Pfizer drug recall: blood pressure meds may contain carcinogen, 13WMAZ, 22 March 2022. See also 4 March 2022. See also here

Brian Park, FDA recommendations for current shortage of prefilled saline flush syringes, MPR, 21 March 2022. See also here

Anon., What different results? Take action on drug shortages, Becker’s, 21 March 2022.

Jamie Smyth et al., Western drugmakers walk ethical tightrope over Russian ties, Financial Times, 18 March 2022.

Darcy Jimenez, US Pharmacopeia report finds high reliance on Indian manufacturers for APIS, Pharmaceutical Technology, 17 March 2022. See also here

Sapna Kumar et al., Contractural solutions to overcome drug scarcity during pandemics and epidemics, Nature Biotechnology, 16 March 2022.

Christopher Rowland, US drug supply relies on foreign ingredients [Phlow], Washington Post, 9 March 2022. See also here, here, here

Anna Edney, Saline shortage has US hospitals search for solution, Bloomberg, 11 March 2022.

Anna Edney et al., Saline fluid shortage in the US is made worse by the war in Ukraine, Fortune, 4 March 2022. See also here.

Fraiser Kansteiner, Pfizer recalls 2nd blood pressure med in a week, Fierce Pharma, 4 March 2022.

Anon., LAC DPH: temporary notional shortage of rifampicin, LA County medical association, 3 March 2022.

Christopher Rowland, Cheap insulin for diabetics is next mission for Civica Rx nonprofit drug maker, Washington Post, 3 March 2022. See also here, here

Tanner Pharma, Global access programs meeting urgent medical needs, Clinical Trials arena, press release, 3 March 2022.

Kevin Dunleavy, A year later at the SOTU, deja vu all over again as Biden calls for lower drug prices, Fierce Pharma, 2 March 2022.

Jospeh Keenan, B. Braun gets FDA nod for new IV manufacturing site in FLorida amid continued IV flude shortages, Fierce Pharma, 3 Feb? {mar?] 2022.

Mackenzie Bean, US drug spending jumped 77% in 10 years, Beckers, 1 March 2022.

Ranall Lutter, How not to fix medical supply chains, City Journal, 23 February 2022.

Bowman Cox, How US FDA’s pharma quality office fared in pandemic’s second year, Pink Sheet, 23 February 2022.

WIll Stone, National blood shortage threatens treatment for medical conditions, WAMU, 22 February 2022.

Andrew Welsh-Huggins, Ohio governor delays more executions over drug shortage, AP News, 22 February 2022.

Hayley Shasteen, 9 out of 10 physicians report drugg supply chain issues, Biospace, 17 February 2022.

Ed Cara. US experiency STD test shortage [shortage of tubes], GIzmodo, 17 February 2022.

Shannon Brown, Pharma supply chain disruptions increased another 74% in 2021, Pink Sheet, 14 February 2022.

Chris Mergerian, Lower prescription drug prices: Biden refocussing on key issue, KVUE, 10 February 2022.

Lupita Vilarreal, Infusions center [SE Texas] reopens after drug shipment [monoclonal antibodies] 12 News, 7 February 2022.

Joseph Keenan, B. Braun gets FDA nod for new IV manufacturing site in FLorida, Fierce Pharma, 3 Feb. 2022.

Zachary Brennan, Mark Cuban’s new cost-plus-15% generic drug company is really a compounding pharmacy, Endpoints News, 3 February 2022.

Julie Wernau et al., Patients go without COVID-19 treatments amid dru shortage, Wall Street Journal, 1 February 2022. See also here

Russell Falcon, Gay blood donor ban must end to cope with shortage, AMA President says, WHNT, 29 January 2022.

Anon., St Jude, WHO tell us how their $200M initiative would fix global srug shortages for kids with cancer, Cancer Letter 48.4, 28 January 2022.

Susan Collins, Collins, Peters introduce bipartisan legislation to increase transparency of foreign manufacturers of medical products, Newsletter, 22 Janaury 2022.

Susan Collins, Cardin introduce bill to address drug shortages [shelf-life extension], Newsletter, 21 Janaury 2022.

Andrew Kelly, FDA adds all blood sample colleciton tubes to medical deviec shortage list, Reuters, 19 January 2022. See also here.

Anon., NHIA and allied organizations urge FDA, state regulators to investigate and regulate direct access infusion business, Newswires, 18 January 2022

Andy Weber, Antibody drug: monoclonal antibodies for COVID-19 in short suppply, KOCO, 13 January 2022.

Josh Sullivan, FDA concerns at contractor Catalent site spurred on shortages of Novo Nordisk’s semaglutide [for obesity], Endpoints, 13 January 2022.

Michael Mezher, FDA seek sadvice on device shortage reporting guidance, RAPS, 10 January 2022. See also here

Shannon Brown, Reshoring debate continues as COVID-19 drives new wave of US drug shortages, Pink Sheet, 7 Janaury 2022.

Ross Adams, Hospitals and clinics left with little to no supply of monoclonal antibody drugs, WAPT Mississippi, 6 January 2022. See also Hawaii, Arizona, Conn,

Jon Levine, NYC considering race in distributing life-saving COVID treatment, New York Post, 1 January 2022.